Llandaff


Llandaff

Infobox UK place
official_name= Llandaff
local_name=
country= Wales
static_

static_image_caption= Llandaff electoral ward of Cardiff
population= 8,988 [http://www.cardiff.gov.uk/ObjView.asp?Object_ID=498&Language= 2001 Key Statistics Llandaff (Cardiff Council), accessed March 15, 2008] ]
os_grid_reference=
map_type=
latitude=
longitude=
scale=

post_town= CARDIFF
postcode_area= CF
postcode_district= CF5
dial_code= 029
constituency_westminster= Cardiff North
welsh_name=Llandaf
unitary_wales= Cardiff
lieutenancy_wales= South Glamorgan
constituency_welsh_assembly=
hide_services=

Llandaff (Welsh Llandaf "llan" church + "Taf") is a district in the city of Cardiff, Wales, having been incorporated into the city in 1922, and is also the see of a diocese of the Church in Wales, covering the most populous area of South Wales.

History

Most of the history of Llandaff centres on the cathedral. The date of the moving of the cathedral to Llandaff is disputed, but the fabric dates from the 13th century. It was badly damaged by Luftwaffe bombing during World War II, and subsequently restored by the architect George Pace. One of its main modern points of interest is the aluminium figure of "Christ in Majesty" (1954-5), by Jacob Epstein, which is suspended above the nave.

Llandaff never developed into a chartered borough, and by the nineteenth century was described as "reduced to a mere village... It consists of little more than two short streets of cottages, not lighted or paved, terminating in a square, into which the great gateway of the old palace formerly opened, and where are still several genteel houses."cite web | title=Llanberis - Llandaff | url=http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=47843 | publication=A Topographical Dictionary of Wales | year=1849| accessdate=2008-03-16] Historically Llandaff was informally known as a "city" because of its status as the seat of the Bishop of Llandaff. This status was never officially recognised, largely because the community did not possess a charter of incorporation. [J V Beckett, "City Status in the British Isles, 1830–2002", Aldershot, 2005]

The ancient parish of Llandaff included a wide area. Apart form Llandaff itself, it included the townships of Canton, Ely, Fairwater, and Gabalfa. The parish was gradually absorbed into the Borough of Cardiff during the 19th and 20th centuries. Llandaff itself became a civil parish and from 1894 to 1922 was part of the Llandaff and Dinas Powis Rural District. On November 9, 1922 the county borough of Cardiff was extended to include the area. [cite vob|name=Llandaff CP/AP | url=http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10375940 | accessdate=2008-03-16]

Governance

Llandaff is both an electoral ward and a community of the County and City of Cardiff. There is no community council for the area. The electoral ward of Llandaff falls within the parliamentary constituency of Cardiff North. It is bounded by Radyr & Morganstown to the north west; Llandaff North to the north; Riverside to the west; Canton to the south; and Fairwater to the west. The ward is represented by two councillors, Kirsty Davies and Gareth Aubrey, both members of the Liberal Democrat Party.

Demography

Demographics shows that the electoral division of Llandaff had a population at the United Kingdom Census 2001 of 8,988, of whom 4,227 were male and 4,761 female. The majority of the population (94.7%) were recorded as being of white ethnicity. Approximately 76% of the population were returned as Christian, with about 1% each being Hindu or Muslim, and 20% having no religion or no stated religion. About 13% of the population of Llandaff can read, write and speak Welsh, while 78% have no knowledge.

Education

Llandaff is home to a preparatory school (The Cathedral School). The independent GDST school, Howell's School Llandaff, is also based in the area and recently expanded from an all-girls school to include the co-educational Howell's Sixth Form College. There are also two state Church Schools; Llandaff City Church in Wales Primary School and Bishop of Llandaff Church in Wales High School.

Transport

The area is served by rail at Llandaff railway station which is actually in Llandaff North. Services operate northbound to either Treherbert, Merthyr Tydfil or Aberdare via Radyr & Pontypridd and soutbound to Cardiff Central via Cardiff Queen Street.

Cardiff Bus bus services 1/2 ("Bay Circle"), 24/25 (Whitchurch), 33/33A (Radyr/Morganstown) 60/62/62A (Pentrebane/Fairwater) and Stagecoach service 122 (Tonypandy) operate through the area to/from Cardiff central bus station.

Western Avenue (A48) runs through the south of the area heading eastbound to Gabalfa & M4 J30 and westbound to Ely, Culverhouse Cross and M4 J33. Cardiff Road leads south towards the city centre.

Economy

The major employment sectors in the area are:
*Public administration, education and health (35.26%)
*Banking, finance and insurance (19.44%)
*Distribution, hotels and restaurants (16.46%)
*Other services (9.13%)
*Manufacturing (8.81%)
*Transport and communication (4.82%)
*Construction (4.43%)

BBC Wales have their headquarters at Broadcasting House, Llantrisant Road in Llandaff.

Notable people

*Ivor Atkins, choirmaster and organist, was born in Llandaff on November 29, 1869. [ [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/30493 Jerrold Northrop Moore, "Atkins, Sir Ivor Algernon (1869–1953)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 , accessed 16 March 2008] ]
*Charlotte Church, singer and television presenter, born in Llandaff February 21, 1986
*Roald Dahl, author, was born in Fairwater Road on September 13, 1916. He subsequently attended the Cathedral School. [ [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/39827 Philip Howard, "Dahl, Roald (1916–1990)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edition, May 2006, accessed 16 March 2008] ]
*Francis Lewis, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New York, was born in Llandaff on March 21, 1713.
*The Welsh artist Ivor Williams lived and painted in Llandaff House until his death in 1982.

References

External links

* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/search.php?i=2774295 www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Llandaff and surrounding area]


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