- Language Freedom Movement
1966, the Language Freedom Movement was an organization dedicated to the opposition of the state-sponsored Gaelic Revivalof the Irish languagein the Republic of Irelandwith backing by such notable figures as Irish-speaking writers Séamus Ó Grianna("Máire") and John B. Keane.
Meetings of the Language Freedom Movement were disrupted by Irish language enthusiasts.Fact|date=September 2008 In August 1966, a group of protesters forced their way into a meeting, overturned a table and taunted the attendees by singing '
God Save the Queen'.Fact|date=September 2008
In September 1966, the Language Freedom Movement held a public meeting at the Mansion House in
Dublin. Pro Irish language protesters swamped the meeting, waving Union Flags, tearing at a tricolour on the platform and preventing the organisers from speaking.Fact|date=September 2008 A stink bombwas thrown, after which a brawl broke out involving around 10 people.Fact|date=September 2008
Eventually a measure of order was restored when Dónall Ó Móráin, the chairman of
Gael Linn, took the podium and said that the Language Freedom Movement should be given a chance to speak at their own meeting, so long as they listened to arguments from the protesters who had invaded them. The failure of the Garda Síochánato take any action in keeping order at the meeting was subsequently raised in the Dáil.Fact|date=September 2008
The Language Freedom Movement succeeded in getting the question of abolishing compulsory Irish onto the political agenda.Fact|date=September 2008 At the time the Movement was formed, if a student failed Irish in their
Leaving Certificatethey were deemed to have failed the whole exam. This had the effect of closing off access to progressing one's education. The requirement was abolished in 1973, although students are still obliged to study Irish as part of the Leaving Certificate programme. In 1974 Irish was removed as a requirement for entry to the civil service. The Movement's concerns about education were also strengthened at the time by a discriminatory policy in textbook publication. Significant changes in the Leaving Certificate maths curriculum were reflected in two new textbooks produced by the Irish Christian Brothers. However, material for the new honours (higher-level) syllabus was only offered in a government-subsidised book in Irish, while the pass (lower-level) material was published in English. The policy had the effect of introducing additional hurdles, both pedagogical and economic, to a student's educational advancement. The situation continued for several years, until affordable alternative textbooks eventually became available.
The various practical changes in policy seemed enough to assuage supporters of the Language Freedom Movement, which has quietly gone out of existence. However, the controversy may have been revived in 2005 when
Enda Kenny, leader of Ireland's main opposition party Fine Gael, called for the language to be made an optional subject in the last two years of secondary school, in the belief that compulsory Irish has done the language more harm than good. This call drew widespread criticism from some quarters, although others, such as the Reform Movement,an organisation which has the ultimate goal of the re-establishment of Ireland as a part of the Commonwealth and the promotion of a British cultural throughout Ireland, have supported his views.
* R.V. Comerford, Ireland Inventing the Nation (Hodder, London 2003) pp142-152.
* [http://www.scoilnet.ie/lookathistory/Video2.aspx?FolderId=2&Id=500&ref=1 Clip of "7 Days" from 1967] (
Windows Media Player). Report on a public meeting of the Language Freedom Movement at the Mansion House.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Language movement — may imply any of the following:;Language specific social/political movements: *The Bengali Language Movement, which is commemorated by the International Mother Language Day declared by UNESCO and Language Movement Day in Bangladesh *The Urdu… … Wikipedia
Language legislation in Belgium — This article describes the history of the laws on the use of official languages in Belgium.1830: freedom of languages and linguistic coercionOne of the causes of the Belgian Revolution of the 1830s was the emancipation of the Dutch language in… … Wikipedia
Freedom of expression in India — Indians belive in value of Satyam Shivam Sundaram Truth is God and God is beautiful [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MClteDdwtvM Prayer on you tube] .Satyameva Jayate is India’s national motto. The English translation of the Sanskrit Satyameva… … Wikipedia
Freedom of speech by country — Freedom of speech is the concept of the inherent human right to voice one s opinion publicly without fear of censorship or punishment. Speech is not limited to public speaking and is generally taken to include other forms of expression. The right … Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in Iran — is a debated subject. Iran is an Islamic republic the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran mandates that the official religion of Iran is Islam (see Islam in Iran) and the Twelver Ja fari school, and also mandates that other Islamic… … Wikipedia
Freedom of thought — (also called freedom of conscience and freedom of ideas) is the freedom of an individual to hold or consider a fact, viewpoint, or thought, independent of others viewpoints. It is closely related to, yet distinct from, the concept of freedom of… … Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in Sudan — Freedom of religion Concepts … Wikipedia
Freedom of information legislation — Freedom of Information Act redirects here. For other uses, see FOIA (disambiguation). Freedom of information legislation comprises laws that guarantee access to data held by the state. They establish a right to know legal process by which… … Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in Vietnam — The Constitution provides for freedom of worship; however, government restrictions still remained on the organized activities of religious groups.The status for the respect of religious freedom and practice continued to experience important… … Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in Kazakhstan — The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the various religious communities worship largely without government interference. Local officials attempt on occasion to limit the practice of religion by some nontraditional groups; however … Wikipedia