Saratoga County, New York


Saratoga County, New York

Infobox U.S. County
county = Saratoga County
state = New York




map size = 250
founded = 1791
seat = Ballston Spa | area_total_sq_mi =844
area_land_sq_mi =812
area_water_sq_mi =32
area percentage = 3.78%
census yr = 2000
pop = 200635
density_km2 =95
web = www.co.saratoga.ny.us
|

Saratoga County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 200,635. It is part of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county seat is Ballston Spa. The name is a corruption of an Indian word "sah-rah-ka" or "Sarach-togue," that means "the hill beside the river."

History

When counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Saratoga County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

Then, on March 12, 1772, Albany County was divided into the counties of Albany, Tryon (now Montgomery), and Charlotte (now Washington). From 1772 to 1786 Albany County included, besides the present territory of Albany County, all of the present Columbia, Rensselaer, Saratoga, and Schenectady Counties, parts of the present Greene and Washington Counties, and a piece of what is now southwestern Vermont.

In 1786, Albany County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Columbia County.

In 1791, Saratoga County (as well as Rensselaer County) was split off from Albany County.

During the nineteenth century, Saratoga County was an important industrial center. Its location 30 miles north of Albany on the Delaware and Hudson Railway and its proximity to water power from the Hudson River and Kayaderosseras Creek led to rapid industrial development beginning in 1810. Some of the most important industries were paper mills, tanneries, foundries, and textile mills. [Book: Invented in Saratoga County, 2008]

Geography

Saratoga County is in the northeastern part of New York State, north of Albany, northwest of Troy, and east of Utica.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 844 square miles (2,185 km²), of which, 812 square miles (2,103 km²) of it is land and 32 square miles (83 km²) of it (3.78%) is water.

Law/Government and Politcs

Saratoga County has usually been a Republican leaning county in most major elections. George W. Bush won the county narrowly in 2004 with 52% of the vote. The majority of the county is represented in Congress by Democrat Kirsten Gillibrand, starting with the new Congress in January 2007, with the exception being the town of Waterford, which is represented by Democrat Michael R. McNulty.

In the State Senate, the county is divided between Republicans Joseph Bruno and Hugh Farley, while in the State Assembly Democrat Robert Reilly, along with Republicans James Tedisco, Teresa Sayward, and Roy McDonald each represent portions of the county.

James A. Murphy III, a Republican, is the county's District Attorney.

Democratic strength is best shown in the City of Saratoga Springs, which has voted Democratic in every presidential election since 1988. In 2005, the Democrats gained a majority on the Saratoga Springs City Council after decades of Republican dominance. The Republicans, however, reclaimed the council majority in the 2007 General Elections due to a split Democratic Party in the mayor's race.

Saratoga County is governed by a Board Of Supervisors, with each town Supervisor acting as the representative from that community. The City of Saratoga Springs elects two Supervisors and the City of Mechanicville elects one supervisor to sit on the Board of Supervisors, but have no power on their respective City Councils. The Political makeup of the 2008-2009 Board is 18 Republicans and 5 Democrats. Republicans hold the county wide offices of Sheriff, District Attorney, County Clerk, Treasurer, and Judges of the County, Family, and the Surrogate Courts.

Cities, Towns, and Villages

*Ballston Spa (village)
*Ballston (town)
*Charlton (town)
*Clifton Park (town)
*Corinth (town)
*Corinth (village)
*Day (town)
*Edinburg (town)
*Galway (town)
*Galway (village)
*Greenfield (town)
*Hadley (town)
*Halfmoon (town)
*Malta (town)
*Mechanicville (city)
*Milton (town)
*Moreau (town)
*Northumberland (town)
*Providence (town)
*Round Lake (village)
*Saratoga Springs (city)
*Saratoga (town)
*Schuylerville (village)
*South Glens Falls (village)
*Stillwater (town)
*Stillwater (village)
*Victory (village)
*Waterford (town)
*Waterford (village)
*Wilton (town) : "=> label within parentheses shows official political level."

Adjacent counties

*Warren County, New York - north
*Washington County, New York - northeast
*Rensselaer County, New York - southeast
*Albany County, New York - southwest
*Montgomery County, New York - west
*Fulton County, New York - west
*Schenectady County, New York - west
*Hamilton County, New York - northwest

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 200,635 people, 78,165 households, and 53,699 families residing in the county. The population density was 247 people per square mile (95/km²). There were 86,701 housing units at an average density of 107 per square mile (41/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.98% White, 1.36% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.04% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.6% were of Irish, 16.2% Italian, 11.4% German, 10.2% English, 7.2% French, 5.9% Polish and 5.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.2% spoke English and 1.4% Spanish as their first language.

There were 78,165 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,460, and the median income for a family was $58,213. Males had a median income of $40,901 versus $29,583 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,945. About 3.80% of families and 5.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.50% of those under age 18 and 5.80% of those age 65 or over.

Since the construction of the Adirondack Northway in the 1960s Saratoga County has consistently been the fastest growing portion of the Capital District and indeed, of upstate New York. In 1960 the county had a population of only 89,000, less than half its current population [http://www.censusscope.org/us/s36/c91/chart_popl.html]

Recreation

Saratoga County is extremely popular between late July and early September each year due to the Saratoga Race Course being open. This world-famous track dates back to 1863. Horse-racing fans come from all over to watch the races. Besides the horses, Saratoga County is also famous for its role in American History, being the home of the Battle of Saratoga. The Saratoga National Historical Park is located along the Hudson River in Stillwater, and features a drive-around atmosphere where you can drive up to each station. The park is also famous for its outstanding views of the area's natural scenery and Vermont's Green Mountains in the distance.

The Saratoga Spa State Park capitalizes on the culture and mineral springs that once drove Saratoga County. This is a large state park and includes a hotel, 2 pool complexes, mineral baths, Saratoga Performing Arts Center, picnic areas, hiking trails and numerous mineral springs.

Also nearby is Adirondack Park, one of the largest parks in the nation. Part of Northwestern Saratoga County lies within the boundaries of the Park.

Saratoga County is just to the North of Albany County, the Capital of New York State.

ee also

References

External links

* [http://www.co.saratoga.ny.us Saratoga County, New York site]
*
* [http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ny/county/saratoga1/towns.html History of Saratoga County]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/ny/cty-saratoga.htm Saratoga County Local Histories and Biographies]
* [http://www.brooksidemuseum.org Brookside Museum, Saratoga County Historical Society]
* [http://www.historyofsaratoga.com Saratoga County history links and information]


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