- New Life Movement
The New Life Movement (Chinese: 新生活運動; pinyin: Xīn Shēng Huó Yùn Dòng) was set up by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and his wife Soong May-ling in February 1934, with the help of the Blue Shirts Society and the CC Clique within the Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomingtang). It attempted to counter Communism ideology with a mix of traditional Confucianism, Western Christianity, nationalism and authoritarianism that have some similarities to fascism. It rejected individualism and Western democratic values and opposed socialism and communism. It also aimed to build up morale in a nation that was besieged with corruption, factionalism, and opium addiction. Some goals included courtesy to neighbors, following rules set by the government, keeping streets clean, conserving energy, and so forth. Chiang Kai-shek used the Confucian and Methodist notion of self-cultivation and correct living for this movement. While some have praised the movement for its role in raising the quality of life somewhat during the war with Japan, others have criticized it for its lofty goals that were out of touch with the suffering of the general populace.
- Columbia University - East Asian Curriculum Project: Chiang Kai-shek's "On The Need For a New Life Movement"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
New bespoke movement — Emergence: Early 1990s Initial Practioners: Ozwald Boateng, Timothy Everest, Richard James Location: London, England The New bespoke movement is a term describing a modern development within British bespoke tailoring. Originating in the early… … Wikipedia
New Religious Movement — Introduction the generally accepted term for what is sometimes called, often with pejorative connotations, a “cult.” The term New Religious Movement has been applied to all new faiths that have arisen worldwide over the past several… … Universalium
New religious movement — A new religious movement (NRM) is a religious community or ethical, spiritual, or philosophical group of modern origin, which has a peripheral place within the dominant religious culture. NRMs may be novel in origin or they may be part of a wider … Wikipedia
New Socialist Movement — There is also a New Socialist Movement (Mexico). New Socialist Movement is a political party in Gujarat, India. It was formed by the leaderships of Jan Sangharsh Manch and Gujarat Trade Union Federation following the 2002 pogroms in Gujarat.… … Wikipedia
New towns movement — The new town movement refers to towns that were built after World War Two and that have been purposefully, planned, developed and built as a remedy to overcrowding and congestion in some instances, and to scattered ad hoc settlements in… … Wikipedia
New Documentary Movement — The New Documentary Movement (Xin jilu yundong) began in the early 1990s with a group of independent filmmakers who hoped to reveal a social reality different from that presented in the official or commercial media. To do so, they turned their… … Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture
New American Movement — The New American Movement (NAM) was founded in 1971 by a group of leaders of opposition to the Vietnam War to serve as a forum for discussing where and how to redirect their activities. The call to convene was issued by Michael Lerner. Lerner… … Wikipedia
New Puritans (movement) — The terms New Puritan and Neo Cromwellians were coined by Jim Murphy, associate director of the Future Foundation, to describe a perceived trend in British society. The term, which has been adopted by a number of main stream newspapers and other… … Wikipedia
New Life — may refer to: New Life (Meher Baba), a phase of Meher Baba s spiritual life and teaching begun in 1949 New Life Church (Colorado Springs, Colorado) New Life Churches, New Zealand, an Australasian Pentecostal Church denomination New Life Movement … Wikipedia
New Life Fellowship Association — New Life Fellowship Classification Protestant Orientation neocharismatic Geographical areas India, Middle East … Wikipedia