- Eastern Hemisphere
Approximately 85% of the world's population live in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The line demarcating the eastern and western hemisphere is an arbitrary convention, unlike the "equator" (an imaginary line running across the middle of the earth), (equidistant from the
Earth's poles) which divides the northern and southern hemispheres. The Prime Meridian at 0° longitudeand the International Date Line around 180° longitude are the conventionally accepted boundaries, since they divide eastern longitudes from western longitudes. Using this demarcation puts portions of western Europe, Africa, and eastern Russiain the western hemisphere, thereby diluting its usefulness for cartography as well as for geopolitical constructs since all of Eurasiaand Africa are typically included in the eastern hemisphere. Consequently, the meridians of 20°W and the diametrically opposed 160°E are often used, [Olson, Judy M. " [http://www.gis.psu.edu/projection/chapter4.html Projecting the hemisphere] ", ch. 4 from " [http://www.gis.psu.edu/projection/ Matching the map projection to the need] "; Robinson, Arthur H. & Snyder, John P., eds. 1997. Bethesda, MD: Cartography and Geographic Information Society, American Congress on Surveying and Mapping.] ["Eastern Hemisphere". "Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary," 3rd ed. 2001. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc., p. 340.] which includes all of the European and African mainlands but also includes a small portion of northeast Greenland(typically reckoned as part of North America) and excludes more of eastern Russia and Oceania(e.g., New Zealand).
The two major regions of
Antarcticaare named after their positions mainly within a single hemisphere; East Antarcticais named for the Eastern Hemisphere.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Eastern Hemisphere — that half of the earth which includes Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia … English World dictionary
eastern hemisphere — eastern half of the globe, hemisphere that includes Asia Africa Europe and Australia … English contemporary dictionary
eastern hemisphere — noun the hemisphere that includes Eurasia and Africa and Australia • Syn: ↑orient • Hypernyms: ↑hemisphere • Part Meronyms: ↑Old World, ↑Africa, ↑Australia, ↑Eurasia … Useful english dictionary
Eastern Hemisphere — noun The hemisphere of the Earth to the east of the Greenwich Meridian (zero degree longitude) and west of 180 degrees longitude (approximately the International Date Line) … Wiktionary
Eastern Hemisphere — the eastern part of the terrestrial globe, including Asia, Africa, Australia, and Europe. * * * Part of the Earth east of the Atlantic Ocean. It includes Europe, Asia, Australia, and Africa. Longitudes 20° W and 160° E are often considered its… … Universalium
eastern hemisphere — noun Usage: often capitalized E&H Date: 1624 the half of the earth east of the Atlantic Ocean including Europe, Asia, Australia, and Africa … New Collegiate Dictionary
Eastern Hemisphere — half of the world containing Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and associated islands … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Eastern Hemisphere — East′ern Hem′isphere n. 1) geg the part of the globe east of the Atlantic, including Asia, Africa, Australia, and Europe, their islands, and surrounding waters 2) geo that half of the earth traversed in passing eastward from the prime meridian to … From formal English to slang
Eastern Hemisphere — /istən ˈhɛməsfɪə/ (say eestuhn hemuhsfear) noun the part of the world lying east of the Greenwich Meridian, including Asia, Africa, Australia, and Europe … Australian English dictionary
Extended Play for the Eastern Hemisphere (EP) — Infobox Album Name = Extended Play for the Eastern Hemisphere Type = ep Artist = Dredg Released = 2002 Recorded = Genre = Progressive rock Alternative rock Art rock Length = 15:08 Label = Universal Music Group Producer = Reviews = Last album =… … Wikipedia