- Canal Street (Manhattan)
Canal Street is a major street in
New York City, crossing lower Manhattanto join New Jerseyin the west (via the Holland TunnelI-78) to Brooklynin the east (via the Manhattan Bridge). It forms the main spine of Chinatown, and separates it from Little Italy. It also forms the northern boundary of the Tribeca neighborhoodand the southern boundary of SoHo.
Canal Street takes its name from an actual
canalthat was dug in the early 1800s to drain the contaminated and disease-ridden Collect Pond into the Hudson River. The pond was filled in 1811, and Canal Street was completed in 1820 following the angled path the canal had. The elimination of Collect Pond actually made the surrounding land even marshier, as the area had many natural springs that now had nowhere to drain. The historic townhouses and newer tenements that had been built along Canal Street quickly fell into disrepair, and the eastern stretch of Canal Street came within the ambit of the notorious Five Points slum as property values and living conditions plummeted.
Early in the 20th century, the jewelry trade centered on the corner of Canal and
Bowery, but moved in mid century to the modern Diamond Districton 47th Street. In the 1920s the Citizens Savings Bank built a magnficent domed headquarters at the Bowery, facing the Manhattan Bridge plaza [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9D02E2DB1039E133A25751C0A9619C946395D6CF "New Bank Building; Citizens Savings Bank to Erect Monumental Structure on Bowery"] , July 2, 1922. New York Times.] which remains a local landmark.
Today, Canal Street is a bustling commercial district, crowded with low-rent (compared to other Manhattan real estate) open storefronts, and street vendors to the west; banks and jewelry shops to the east. Tourists as well as locals pack the Canal Street sidewalks every day to frequent the open-air food stalls and bare-bones stores selling items such as perfume, purses, hardware, and industrial plastics at very low prices. Many of these goods are
grey marketimports and many notoriously counterfeit, with fake trademarked brand names on electronics, clothing and personal accessories (including the fake Rolex watches that have become a Manhattan cliché). Illegally produced CDs and DVDs are very common, and offered for sale on the Canal Street sidewalks in makeshift stands and suitcases or simply laid out on bedsheets, often before they are even officially released in stores or the theater. Widespread sale of these counterfeit goods persists along Canal Street and in its hidden back rooms despite frequent police raids. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/27/nyregion/27chinatown.html "City Agents Shut Down 32 Vendors of Fake Items"] , by Christine Hauser. February 27, 2008. New York Times.]
In popular culture
Jon Stewartreferenced Canal Street's reputation as a source of pirated goods on the September 15, 2008 episode of The Daily Show. [cite episode |title=September 15, 2008 (Sarah Palin Won't Blink) |url=http://www.thedailyshow.com/video/index.jhtml?videoId=184481&title=Sarah-Palin-Won't-Blink |series=The Daily Show |serieslink=The Daily Show |credits= |network=Comedy Central |airdate=2008-09-15]
* [http://www.nychinatown.org/canal2.html Canal Street Map] (from A Journey Through Chinatown)
* [http://www.nychinatown.org/storefronts/canal.html Canal Street Storefronts] - photographs of buildings and stores along Canal St.
Streets of Manhattan
West Side Highway
East = Essex Street/Rutgers Street
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