Thorstein the Red


Thorstein the Red

Thorstein the Red or Thorstein Olafsson was a viking chieftain who flourished in late ninth-century Scotland. He was born around 850 CE and was the son of Olaf the White, King of Dublin, and Aud the Deep-minded, who was the daughter of Ketil Flatnose. ["Eirik the Red's Saga" § 1 (Jones 126); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51).] After the death of Olaf, Aud and Thorstein went to live in the Hebrides, then under Ketil's rule. [According to some, Olaf repudiated Aud and sent her back to her father's court c. 857. Forte 86.] Thorstein eventually became a warlord and allied with the Jarl of Orkney, Sigurd Eysteinsson. ["Eirik the Red's Saga" § 1 (Jones 126); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51).] Together Thorstein and Sigurd waged a series of campaigns in Caithness, Sutherland, Ross, Moray, and a number of other regions, eventually receiving tribute from half of Scotland. ["Id."; "Harald Finehair's Saga" § 22 (Snorri 22); "Orkneyinga Saga" § 9 (Palsson 27).] However, the Scottish chieftains plotted against Thorstein, and he was killed; the exact nature of his death is unknown but it probably took place around 880 or 890. After Thorstein's death Aud left Caithness, sojourning for a while in Orkney before settling with other members of her clan in Iceland. [Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51-52).]

Thorstein married Thurid, the daughter of Eyvind the Easterner. Thorstein and Thurid had a son, Olaf Feilan, and a number of daughters, including Groa, Thorgerd, Olof, Osk, Thorhild, and Vigdis. ["Eirik the Red's Saga" § 1 (Jones 127); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 52); Njal's Saga § 1 (Cook 3); "Grettir's Saga § 26 (Thorsson 62); "Landnámabók" "passim".] A woman named Unn, wife of Thorolf Mostur-beard, claimed to be the daughter of Thorstein, but this claim was viewed by other Icelanders with skepticism. ["Eyrbyggja Saga § 7 (Palsson 32).]

Notes

References

*Ari the Learned. "The Book of the Settlement of Iceland" "(Landnámabók)". Ellwood, T., transl. Kendal: T. Wilson, Printer and Publisher, 1898.
*Cook, Robert, transl. "Njal's Saga". Penguin Classics, 2002.
*Forte, Angelo, Richard Oram and Frederik Pedersen. "Viking Empires". Cambridge Univ. Press, 2005.
*Jones, Gwyn, transl. "Eirik the Red and other Icelandic Sagas." Oxford Univ. Press, USA, 1999.
*Magnusson, Magnus and Hermann Palsson, transl. "Laxdaela Saga." Penguin Classics, 1969.
*Palsson, Hermann, et al., transl. "Eyrbyggja Saga". Penguin Classics, 1989.
*Palsson, Hermann, et al., transl. "Orkneyinga Saga: The History of the Earls of Orkney". Penguin Classics, 1981.
*Snorri Sturluson. "Heimskringla, or the Chronicle of the Kings of Norway." Hard Press, 2006.
*Thorsson, Ornolfur, et al., transl. "The Saga of Grettir the Strong." Penguin Classics, 2005.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Erik the Red — (950–c. 1003) (Old Norse: Eiríkr rauði; Icelandic: Eiríkur rauði; Norwegian: Eirik Raude; Danish: Erik den Røde;Swedish: Erik Röde; Faroese: Eirikur (hin) reyði) founded the first Nordic settlement in Greenland. Born in the Jæren district of… …   Wikipedia

  • Thorstein — is a Norwegian masculine given name, and may refer to:* Thorstein Eríksson, youngest son of Erik the Red * Thorstein Helstad (born 1977), Norwegian footballer * Thorstein Johansen (1888 1963), Norwegian rifle shooter * Thorstein John Ohnstad… …   Wikipedia

  • Thorstein el Rojo — (nórdico antiguo: Þorsteinn rauðr) o Thorstein Olafsson fue un caudillo vikingo que gobernó áreas de Escocia a finales del siglo IX. nació alrededor del año 850 y era hijo de Olaf el Blanco, rey de Dublín y Auðr djúpúðga Ketilsdóttir, hija de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thorstein Eríksson — Articleissues unreferenced = October 2007 wikify = October 2007Thorstein Eríksson was the youngest son of Erik the Red. Leif Eriksson s voyage is discussed extensively in Brattahlid and Thorvald, Leif s brother, thinks that Vinland was not… …   Wikipedia

  • The Ersatz Elevator — infobox Book | name = The Ersatz Elevator title orig = translator = image caption = author = Lemony Snicket (pen name of Daniel Handler) illustrator = Brett Helquist cover artist = Brett Helquist country = United States language = English series …   Wikipedia

  • The New School — This is about the university in New York City; for other uses, see New School (disambiguation). The New School Motto To the Living Spirit (unofficial)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • The Goose-Step (book) — Infobox Book name = The Goose step: A Study of American Education title orig = translator = image caption = The embossed cover for the first edition of The Goose step (1923) author = Upton Sinclair illustrator = cover artist = country = United… …   Wikipedia

  • Olaf the White — was a viking sea king who lived in the latter half of the 9th century. Olaf was born around 840, possibly in Ireland. His father was the Hiberno Norse warlord Ingjald Helgasson. Olaf is described in some sources as a descendent of Ragnar Lodbrok… …   Wikipedia

  • Olaf the Peacock — Map of the district of the Laxdæla saga, from an English language translation Olaf the Peacock (Old Norse: Ólafr Pái) or Olaf Hoskuldsson (Ólafr Höskuldsson) (c. 938–1006)[1] was a merchant and chieftain of the early Ic …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of the Isles — Location of the Kingdom of Mann and the Isles in the twelfth century The Kingdom of the Isles comprised the Hebrides, the islands of the Firth of Clyde and the Isle of Man from the 9th to the 13th centuries AD. The islands were known to the Norse …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.