- Augustine Eriugena
Augustine Eriugena, also known equivalently as Augustinus Hibernicus or the Irish Augustine, was the contemporary name given to an anonymous Irish writer and
philosopher(noted especially for his natural philosophy), fl. 655. The name is in reference to the philosopher Augustine of Hippo.
"Augustine" was born in Ireland sometime in the first half of the seventh century. Around the year 655 he wrote a
treatisecalled "De Mirabilibus Sacrae Scripturae". It has long been regarded as an exceptional work, in that it demonstrates a strictly scientific approach in the matter of making direct observations of nature and subjecting them to a strictly logical interpretation.
His treatise seeks to explain each miracle in the
Scripturesas an extreme case of phenomena, yet still within the laws of nature. Augustine also gives a list of the terrestrial mammalsof Ireland, and solves the problem of how they reached Irelandafter the flood of Noahby proposing a solution - hundreds of years ahead of its time - that the island had been cut off from continental Europe by marine erosion.
* "The Encyclopaedia of Ireland", 2003; ISBN 0-7171-3000-2.
* Damian Bracken, "Rationalism and the Bible in seventh-century Ireland", "Chronicon", 2 (1998),
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