Finnish Spitz


Finnish Spitz

Articleissues
tone = January 2008
unreferenced = January 2008

Infobox Dogbreed
akcgroup = Non-sporting
akcstd = http://www.akc.org/breeds/finnish_spitz/index.cfm
altname = Suomenpystykorva
Finish pets
ankcgroup = Group 4 (Hounds)
ankcstd = http://i180.photobucket.com/albums/x94/jcorinneadler/Misc.jpg
ckcgroup = Group 2 - Hounds
ckcstd = http://www.ckc.ca/en/Default.aspx?tabid=99&BreedCode=FNS
country = Finland
fcigroup = 5
fcinum = 49
fcisection = 2
fcistd = http://www.google.com/search?/q=cache:xFVphI1sXKwJ:www.fci.be/uploaded_files/049gb99_en.doc+site:www.fci.be+%2249+/+09.+08.+1999%22&hl=en



image_caption =
kcukgroup = Hound
kcukstd = http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/item/25
name = Finnish Spitz
nzkcgroup = Hounds
nzkcstd = http://www.nzkc.org.nz/br460.html
ukcgroup = Northern Breed
ukcstd = http://mail.ukcdogs.com/UKCweb.nsf/80de88211ee3f2dc8525703f004ccb1e/e955265a8213d3688525704a00460d36?OpenDocument
A Finnish Spitz (Finnish language: "Suomenpystykorva") is a breed of dog originating in Finland. The breed is thought to be an old one, bred as a hunting dog. It is a "bark pointer", indicating the position of game by barking to attract the hunter's attention. It has been used mostly to bark at game that flees into trees, such as squirrels, grouses, and capercaillies, but it serves well also to hunt moose and elk. Some individuals have been known to go after even a bear, despite the dog's small size. In its native country, the breed is still mostly used as a hunting dog, but as it is very friendly and loves children, in other countries it serves mainly as a house pet. The Finnish Spitz has been the national dog of Finland since 1979.

Description

Appearance

The Finnish Spitz has a square build, meaning that the length of the body is the same, or slightly shorter than the height of the withers to the ground. The length of the body is measured from the point of the shoulder or forechest in front of the withers to the rump, giving a truly square dogs a short back. Bitches are usually a little longer in the back. Both dogs and bitches should appear slightly longer in the leg. The Finnish Spitz is a double coated breed but the outer coat should not exceed 2 1/2 inches at the ruff. The undercoat is soft and lighter in color than the red/gold outer coat. The undercoat will shed twice a year, and if a Finnish Spitz is to be kept healthy, a good shedding of the undercoat when the dog is ready to "blow coat" is needed. Some exhibitors show dogs with undercoat that should be removed but that is the breeder, owner or handler's choice. Ommission to shed undercoat is considered neglect by some judges who prefer a clean and combed coat. Dew claws can appear on front and/or back feet. If back dew claws appear, they should be removed by the breeder. The front dewclaws can be removed but since they are usually small, they generally are not removed. If the back dew claws are present and not removed, they look like toes. The front dew claws appear to have no purpose.

Coat

The Finnish Spitz has a typical double coat, which consists of a soft, dense undercoat and long, harsh guard hairs that can measure one to two inches long. The coat should be stiffer, denser, and longer on the neck, back, back of thighs, and plume of the tail, whilst shorter on the head and legs. Dogs should sport a slightly longer and coarser coat than the bitches, who are slightly more refined. However the plume of the tail is important to the overall look of the dog but should not be too long. Feathered long tails hairs without sustanstance can give the dog an unkempt look. Additionally the tailset is important and the Finnish Spitz should be able to move its tail from one side to the other. Most Finnish Spitz have a preferred side and this is not incorrect.

Proper care of the coat is most important. The Finnish Spitz blows coat or loses its undercoat twice a year. It is imperative that owners brush out the old undercoat so the new coat can grow properly. Excessive undercoat can cause skin problems and although your dog may look fluffy and full, the undercoat may be causing serious skin problems.

In the show ring, the coat should be shown as completely natural; a brush through the coat is acceptable but no trimming is allowed, not even of whiskers. However, any excessive undercoat should be removed. Some exhibitors leave in the undercoat to make the dog's coat look bigger. However, most well trained judges see this problem. Another exception is the hair under the bottom of the feet. The hair under the feet as well as the toe nails should be nicely trimmed for show.

Color

Puppies are often described as looking similar to a red fox cub. They are born dark grey/black/brown or fawn with a vast amount of black. A fawn puppy or one with a large amount of white of the chest is not preferable. The colour of the adult dog can be assessed by a experienced breeder at birth or cannot really be assessed by a novice until about four to six months, but even then the colour may change.The adult colour should be golden red. It can be of almost any shade, varying from pale honey to dark chestnut. There are no preferences over shades as long as the color is bright and clear with no hints of dullness, which is of most importance.The coat should never be of a solid colour. It should be shaded and without any defined colour changes. The coat is usually at its darkest shade on the back of the dog, gradually getting lighter around the chest and belly. The undercoat must always be lighter in colour than the topcoat, but is never allowed to be white.A small patch of white, no more than 1.5 centimetres wide, is allowable on the chest, and white tips on the feet are acceptable, but not desired.

Pigmentation

The nose, lips, and rims of eyes should always be black.

Height and weight

*Height at withers: Males, 16 to 19 inches (44-50 cm): Females, 14½ to 17 inches (39-45 cm)
*Weight: Males, 27-33 lb (11-13 kg) : Females, 20-27 lb (8-9 kg)

Temperament

Finnish Spitz are considered to interact well with people, including children. In the home, the Finnish Spitz is a happy member, playing gently with children but maybe be rougher with other dogs. Some Finnish Spitz love other dogs while others are shy, passive or aggressive around other dogs. The Finnish Spitz are very loyal to their family, therefore they can be shy or moody around other dogs. Left alone the Finnish Spitz will figure out if another dog is acceptable.

The breed is prone to barking at anything they perceive as being out of the ordinary. They can be trained to reduce the amount of barking, although the barking does make them good watchdogs.

Training

Because of their intelligence, Finnish Spitz are independent and strong-willed dog and are best trained with a soft voice and touch. They will easily become bored with repetitive training. Finnish Spitz can be trained to be very obedient with a light touch and lots of positive reinforcement.

Finnish Spitz can excel in obedience, agility and rally as a companion dog.

Health

The Finnish Spitz is typically a very healthy breed, and health concerns are rare. Here is a short list of what is known to occur, however you should consult your breeder and others who breed Finnish Spitz to understand the prevalence to this breed:

*Hip dysplasia
*Patellar luxation
*Elbow dysplasia
*Epilepsy

Related breeds

*Finnish Lapphund
*Lapponian herder

References

* [http://www.akc.org/breeds/finnish_spitz/index.cfm The American Kennel Club official site]

* [http://www.finnishspitzclub.org/ The Finnish Spitz club of America]

* [http://www.barkbytes.com/direct/finspt.htm The Finnish Spitz Directory]

* [http://www.finnishspitz.org.uk History, Breed infomation]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Finnish spitz — ▪ breed of dog       breed of dog native to Finland, where a breed standard has existed since 1812. It is nicknamed the “barking bird dog” for its habit of “yodeling,” or barking continuously, to alert the hunter to the location of game birds.… …   Universalium

  • Spitz — type dogs (the correct German plural is Spitze, though Spitzen is commonly used in the United States) are a type of dog, characterized by long, thick, and often white fur, and pointed ears and muzzles. The tail is usually curled over the dog s… …   Wikipedia

  • Spitz (disambiguation) — Spitz can refer to:Spitz, a type of dog, including specific breeds: *Finnish Spitz *German Spitz *Icelandic Spitz *Japanese Spitz ;Places *Spitz, Austria, a town in the district of Krems Land in Austria;People * Brad Spitz, musician * Carl Spitz… …   Wikipedia

  • Finnish Lapphund — Infobox Dogbreed |thumb|Glenchess Revontuli, the top winning Finnish Lapphund in the UK in 2005 and 2006 akcfss = yes akcgroup = FSS akcstd = ? altname = Lapinkoira Suomenlapinkoira ankcgroup = Group 5 (Working Dogs) ankcstd =… …   Wikipedia

  • spitz — /spits/, n. any of several dogs having a stocky body, a thick coat, erect, pointed ears, and a tail curved over the back, as a chow chow, Pomeranian, or Samoyed. [1835 45; < G spitz pointed] * * * Any of several northern dogs, including the chow… …   Universalium

  • Spitz — /spits/, n. Mark (Andrew), born 1950, U.S. swimmer: winner of seven gold medals in 1972 summer Olympic Games. * * * Any of several northern dogs, including the chow chow, Pomeranian, and Samoyed, characterized by a dense, long coat, erect pointed …   Universalium

  • Spitz finlandais — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Spitz. Spitz finlandais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • German Spitz — Infobox Dogbreed image caption = A white German Spitz (Mittel) akcfss = part of the akc fss akcgroup = FSS akcstd = http://www.akc.org/breeds/german spitz/index.cfm altname = Deutscher Spitz ankcgroup = Group 7 (Non Sporting) ankcstd = http://www …   Wikipedia

  • Norrbottenspets — Other names Nordic Spitz Norrbottenspitz Pohjanpystykorva Country of origin Sweden Traits …   Wikipedia

  • List of dog breeds — This Chihuahua mix and Great Dane show some of the tremendous variety of dog breeds. Dogs have been selectively bred for thousands of years, sometimes by inbreeding dogs from the same ancestral lines, sometimes by mixing dogs from very different… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.