Lima Region


Lima Region

Peru region table
name = Lima


imagesize = 100
image_caption = Logo of the Lima regional government


president = Nelson Oswaldo Chui Mejía
capital = Huacho
largest =
area = 32,129.31
pop = 780,881 (2005 est.)
density = 24
provinces = 9 provinces and 128 districts
lowest = 0 m (coastal area)
highest = 5654 m (Huacshash)
lat = 10°16'18" to 13°19'18" S
long = 75°30'42" to 77°53'03" W
resources = N/A
poverty = N/A
GDPshare = N/A
website = [http://www.regionlima.gob.pe www.regionlima.gob.pe]
areacode = 1
iso = LIM
ubigeo = 15

Lima Region, also known as Lima Provincias, is one of twenty-five regions of Peru. Located in the central coast of the country, its capital is Huacho.
Lima Province, which contains the city of Lima, the country's capital, is located on the western part of the Lima Region. However, this province is autonomous and not part of the region.

Geography

The region is bordered by the Ancash Region on the north, the Huánuco, Pasco and Junín on the east, the Huancavelica Region on the southeast, and the Pacific Ocean and the Lima Province on the west.

The region has a coastal and an Andean zone, and has a great diversity of natural regions: the "Costa" or "Chala" (0 to 500 meters above sea level) up to the "Janca" or "Cordillera" (over 4800 meters). The predominating regions are the "Yunga" (500 to 2300 meters above sea level) and "Quechua" (2300 to 3500 meters).

Points of interest

Lomas de Lachay

The Lomas de Lachay, a unique mist-fed eco-system of wild plant and animal species, is a natural reserve located in the region.

Lunahuaná

Lunahuaná is a district of the Cañete Province, and is located 38 km away from the city of San Vicente de Cañete. The Incahuasi Archeological complex is located there. Lunahuaná has a dry climate and the sun shines during most of the year. Lately, Lunahuaná has become an adventure sports paradise, such as: "Canotaje" (Whitewater Rafting), "Parapente" & "Ala Delta". Whitewater rafting is possible due to the Cañete river, which has rapids up to level 4. The main settlement in this district is the town of Lunahuaná.

History

The remains of the first Andean inhabitants, hunters and harpoon fishermen from about 1000 years ago, are to be found in the Lima region. These remains were found in Chivateros, near the Chillón River, and in various other places. These persons incorporated nets, hooks, farming, ceramics and weaving to their everyday objects. The inhabitants of the coast lived in the "lomas" and the valleys forming temples and dwelling complexes, that gave origin to huge ceremonial centers such as the Huacoy on the Chillón river; Garagay and La Florida on the Rímac river, Manchay on the Lurín river; and Chancay, Supe and many other valleys to the north and south. There are finely ornamented temples with figures modeled in clay. The Lima culture saw its origins in this area, specially on the central valleys from Chancay to Lurín, with painted adobe buildings.

During this time, the Huari conquest took place, thus giving rise to Huari style ceramics, together with a local style known as Nievería. The population grew and their culture changed. With the decline of Huari, whose most important center was Cajamarquilla, were born new local cultures, Chancay being the most known of them. They developed enormous urban centers and a considerable textile production as well as mass-produced ceramics. At this stage, the Incas arrived, in the fifteenth century, occupying important sites such as the Pachacamac Sanctuary.

Political division

The region is divided into nine provinces (Spanish: "provincias", singular: "provincia"), which are composed of 128 districts ("distritos", singular: "distrito").

The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
*Barranca (Barranca)
*Cajatambo (Cajatambo)
*Cañete (San Vicente de Cañete)
*Canta (Canta)
*Huaral (Huaral)
*Huarochirí (Matucana)
*Huaura (Huacho)
*Oyón (Oyón)
*Yauyos (Yauyos)

External links

* [http://www.huacho.info North Lima Region] - Lima Region: Social, Cultural and Tourist Information
* [http://www.regionlima.gob.pe Gobierno Regional Lima] - Lima Regional Government official website


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