Saint Paul church in Korinthos
Location Coordinates Coordinates: Government Country: Greece Region: Peloponnese Regional unit: Corinthia Municipality: Corinth Population statistics (as of 2001) Municipal unit - Population: 36,555 - Area: 102.2 km2 (39 sq mi) - Density: 358 /km2 (926 /sq mi) Other Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3) Elevation (min-max): 0 - 10 m (0 - 33 ft) Postal: 201 00 Telephone: 27410 Auto: KP Website www.korinthos.gr
Corinth (Greek Κόρινθος, Kórinthos) ([ˈkorinθos] ( listen)) is a city and former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Corinth, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit. It is the capital of Corinthia.
It was founded, as Nea or New Corinth in 1858, after an earthquake destroyed the existing settlement of Corinth, which had developed in and around the site of ancient Corinth.
Located about 78 kilometres (48 mi) southwest of Athens, Corinth is surrounded by the coastal townlets of (clockwise) Lechaio, Isthmia, Kechries, and the inland townlets of Examilia and the archaeological site and village of ancient Corinth. Geophysically the city is likewise surrounded by the narrow coastal plain of Vocha, Corinthian Gulf, Corinth Canal, the Isthmus of Corinth, Saronic Gulf, Oneia Mountains, and the monolithic rock of Acrocorinth, where the medieval acropolis was built.
Corinth derives its name from Ancient Corinth, a city-state of antiquity. In 1858, the old city of Corinth (now known as Archaia Korinthos (Αρχαία Κόρινθος), located 3 km (1.9 mi) SW of the modern city), was totally destroyed by an earthquake. This led to the establishment of Nea or New Corinth, on the coast of the Gulf of Corinth. New Corinth was rebuilt after a further earthquake in 1928 and again after a great fire in 1933.
Corinth is the second largest city in the periphery of the Peloponnese after Kalamata (53,659 inhabitants in 2001). In the 1991 census, the city had a population of 28,071, while the latest data (2001) showed an increase of 2,363 inhabitants (+8,4%), to 30,434. Between the census of 1981 and 1991, the city had one of the fastest-increasing populations in the country.
The Municipality of Corinth, or Dimos Korinthion, had a population of 36,991 in 2001. The municipality includes the town of Archaia Korinthos (1,770 inhabitants), the town of Examilia (1,547 inhabitants), and the smaller settlements of Xylokeriza (777 inhabitants) and Solomos (686 inhabitants).
The port of Corinth, located north of the city centre and close to the northwest entrance of the Corinth Canal, at 37 56.0’ N / 22 56.0’ E, serves the local needs of industry and agriculture. It is mainly a cargo exporting facility.
It is an artificial harbour (depth approximately 9 metres (30 ft), protected by a concrete mole (length approximately 930 metres, width 100 metres, mole surface 93,000 m2). A new pier finished in the late 1980s doubled the capacity of the port. The reinforced mole protects anchored vessels from strong northern winds.
Within the port operates a customs office facility and a Hellenic Coast Guard post. Sea traffic is limited to trade in the export of local produce, mainly citrus fruits, grapes, marbles, aggregates and some domestic imports. The port operates as a contingency facility for general cargo ships, bulk carriers and ROROs, in case of strikes at Piraeus port. There is a ferry line (RORO) connecting Corinth to Italy.
Corinth is a major industrial hub at a national level. Copper cables, petroleum products, medical equipment, marble, gypsum, ceramic tiles, salt, mineral water and beverages, meat products, and gums are produced nearby. As of 2005, a period of de-industrialization has commenced as a large pipework complex, a textile factory and a meat packing facility disrupted their operations.
Corinth is a major road hub, being the entry point to the Peloponnesian peninsula, the southernmost area of continental Greece.
The city's association football team is Korinthos F.C. (Π.Α.E. Κόρινθος), established in 1999 after the merger of Pankorinthian Football Club (Παγκορινθιακός) and Corinth Football Club (Κόρινθος). During the 2006-2007 season, the team played in the Greek Fourth Division's Regional Group 7. The team went undefeated that season and it earned the top spot. This granted the team a promotion to the Gamma Ethnikí (Third Division) for the 2007-2008 season. For the 2008-2009 season, Korinthos F.C. competed in the Gamma Ethniki (Third Division) southern grouping.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Corinth is twinned with:
- George Kollias (1977-), drummer for US technical death metal band Nile.
- Ioannis Papadiamantopoulos (1766–1826), revolutionary leader during the Greek War of Independence.
- Irene Papas, Greek actress
Other locations named after Corinth
Due to its ancient history and the presence of St. Apostle Paul in Corinth some locations all over the world have been named Corinth:
- Corinth, Bullock County, Alabama
- Corinth, Clay County, Alabama
- Corinth, Cullman County, Alabama
- Corinth, Randolph County, Alabama
- Corinth, Walker County, Alabama
- Corinth (Plantersville), Alabama
- Corinth, Bradley County, Arkansas
- Corinth, Howard County, Arkansas
- Corinth, Polk County, Arkansas
- Corinth, Yell County, Arkansas
- Corinth, Coweta and Heard Counties, Georgia
- Corinth, Sumter County, Georgia
- Corinth, Walker County, Georgia
- Corinth, Humboldt County, Iowa
- Corinth, Williamson County, Illinois
- Corinth, Osborne County, Kansas
- Corinth, Humboldt County, Iowa
- Corinth, Grant, Harrison, and Scott Counties, Kentucky
- Corinth, Logan County, Kentucky
- Corinth, Lincoln Parish, Louisiana
- Corinth, Logan County, Kentucky
- Corinth, Penobscot County, Maine
- Corinth, Kent County, Michigan
- Corinth, Phelps County, Missouri
- Corinth, Alcorn County, Mississippi
- Corinth, Perry County, Mississippi
- Corinth, Big Horn County, Montana
- Corinth (town), New York
- Corinth (village), New York
- Corinth, Chatham County, North Carolina
- Corinth, Nash County, North Carolina
- Corinth, Rutherford County, North Carolina
- Corinth, Williams County, North Dakota
- Corinth, Oconee County, South Carolina
- Corinth, Saluda County, South Carolina
- Corinth, Texas
- Corinth, Vermont
- Corinth, West Virginia
- Corinth-Holder (Hocutts Crossroads), North Carolina
- Corinto, Chinandega
Gulf of Corinth Loutraki-Perachoras Vocha and Lechaio Saronic Gulf and Isthmia Corinth Ancient Corinth Oneia Mountains and Examilia Kechries Prefectural Capitals of GreeceAgios Nikolaos • Alexandroupoli • Amfissa • Argostoli • Arta • Athens • Chalcis • Chania • Chios • Corfu • Corinth • Drama • Edessa • Eleusina • Ermoupoli • Florina • Grevena • Heraklion • Igoumenitsa • Ioannina • Kalamata • Karditsa • Karpenisi • Kastoria • Katerini • Kavala • Kilkis • Komotini • Kozani • Lamia • Larissa • Lefkada • Livadeia • Missolonghi • Mytilene • Nafplion • Pallini • Patras • Piraeus • Polygyros • Preveza • Pyrgos • Rethymno • Rhodes • Serres • Sparta • Thessaloniki • Trikala • Tripoli • Vathy • Veria • Volos • Xanthi • Zakynthos Municipal unit of Assos-Lechaio Municipal unit of Corinth Municipal unit of SaronikosAgios Ioannis · Athikia · Galataki · Katakali Municipal unit of SolygeiaAngelokastro · Korfos · Sofiko Municipal unit of Tenea
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