Life of Mr Richard Savage


Life of Mr Richard Savage

Samuel Johnson's "Life of Mr Richard Savage" (1744), short title is "Life of Savage" and full title is "An Account of the Life of Mr Richard Savage", was the first major biography published by Johnson. It was released anonymously in 1744, and detailed the life of Richard Savage, a London poet and friend of Johnson who had died in 1743. [http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=3955 Life of Mr Richard Savage] Literary Encyclopedia Accessed October 2006 ] The biography contains many details of Savage's account of his own life, including claims that he was the illegitimate child of a noble family that quickly disowned and abandoned him at birth.

Savage had led a controversial life, and Johnson used the material to try and attempt to answer some wider ethical questions. The text was later included in The Lives of the Poets, published in 1779, and this work is attributed as one of the important steps for Johnson becoming a biographer in his later years. The biography was well received and was the source of early praise for Johnson. This praise has continued 200 years after its original publication, and it has been described as "one of the best short biographies in English". [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9065917/Richard-Savage Richard Savage] Encyclopedia Britannica, Accessed October 2006 ]

Background

The "Life of Savage" was not Johnson's first biography as he wrote in 1740 short biographies of Jean-Philippe Baratier, Robert Blake, and Francis Drake.Clingham p. 161] Before this time, between 1737 and 1739, Johnson was close to Savage. [Harvnb|Watkins|1960|p= 51] Savage was both a poet and a playwright, and Johnson was reported to enjoy spending time and discussing various topics with him, along with drinking and other merriment.Harvnb|Bate|1977|p=179] However, that lifestyle could not continue, and Bristol was encouraged by his friends to move to Bristol and clean up his life. Harvnb|Bate|1977|p=81] He was unable to accomplish this which led to him being sent to debtor's prison and dying in 1743.

However, in 1744, Johnson wrote his first serious "life", the "Life of Mr Richard Savage", in honour of his friend, Richard Savage. Immediately after Savage died, various periodicals were printing biographical material on the dead poet.Lane p. 98] Edward Cave, Johnson's publisher, encouraged Johnson to put together a life of his friend. Johnson began to collect as many letters and biographical details as he could and, with his extensive history with Savage, produced his work. [Lane p. 98-99] Johnson dedicated a large portion of his time to the work, and was able to produce, as he claimed, "forty-eight of the printed octavo pages of the life of Savage at a sitting, but then I sat up all night."Lane p. 100]

Johnson finished the work just before the Christmas of 1743 and was paid fifteen guineas. It was published anonymously and contained almost 200 pages. It was immediately successful, but it was not the financial success that Johnson or Cave wanted nor did it extend Johnson's reputation at the time. However, it did form an important beginning for Johnson as a biographer, and the work was later included in his "Lives of the Most Eminent English Poets" series.

Life of Savage

Although the work is a biography, it was a partial version of Savage's life as told by a friend and contained many minor errors. In particular, Johnson accepted Savage's own story that he was a disowned bastard of a noble family, even though there was little evidence to be found. However, Johnson did not hide the flaws of his friend. Johnson exposed the many faults of Savage, but he always felt that Savage was ultimately wronged throughout his life and should ultimately be admired. [Lane p. 99]

Critical response

Joshua Reynolds, Johnson's friend, told James Boswell, that "It seized his attention so strongly that, not being able to lay down the book till he had finished it, when he attempted to move, he found his arm totally benumbed."

Walter Jackson Bate described the "Life of Savage", "remains one of the innovative works in the history of biography". [Harvnb|Bate|1977|p=180] Margaret Lane claims that the "Life of Savage" "is still the most absorbing of all Johnson's brief biographies and its news value at the time made it compulsive reading."

Notes

References

*
*
*
*

External links

* [http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/000711169X The Life of Mr Richard Savage (2005 imprint) at Amazon (other bookstores are available)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Richard Savage — (* 1697 in England[1]; † 1. August 1743 in Bristol, England) war ein englischer Dichter. Über Savage schrieb sein Freund Samuel Johnson in seinem Werk An Account of the Life of Mr Richard Savage (dt. ein Bericht über das Leben des Richard Savage) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Savage — (c. 1697 ndash; August 1, 1743) was an English poet. He is best known as the subject of Samuel Johnson s Life of Savage (1744), one of the most elaborate of Johnson s Lives of the English Poets .Savage s parentage, while the subject of some… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers — PC (c. 1660 ndash; August 18, 1712), was the second son of Thomas, 3rd Earl; and after the death about 1680 of his elder brother Thomas, styled Viscount Colchester, he was designated by that title until he succeeded to the peerage.Early in life… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Holmes (biographer) — Richard Holmes (born 1945) is a British author best known for his biographical studies of major figures of British and French Romanticism.BiographyHe is a Fellow of The Royal Society of Literature and a Fellow of the British Academy. He was… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Holmes (biographe) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Holmes. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Richard Holmes. Richard Holmes, né le 5 novembre 1945 à Londres, est un biographe britannique spécialisé dans la période romantique au Royaume Uni et en France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Savage, Richard — ▪ English writer born c. 1697, , England died Aug. 1, 1743, Bristol       English poet and satirist and subject of one of the best short biographies in English, Samuel Johnson s An Account of the Life of Mr Richard Savage (1744).       By his own …   Universalium

  • Savage, Richard — (1697 1743)    Savage s claim to be the illegitimate son of Anne, Countess of Macclesfield, and Richard Savage, the 4th Earl of Rivers, was thought to be no more an over imaginative mind. He claimed that his mother disowned him and had him… …   British and Irish poets

  • Richard Aldington — (born Edward Godfree Aldington July 8, 1892 ndash; July 27, 1962) was an English writer and poet. Aldington was best known for his World War I poetry, the 1929 novel Death of a Hero , and the controversy arising from his 1955 Lawrence of Arabia:… …   Wikipedia

  • Savage Dragon — vol. 1, #1 (July 1992), art by Erik Larsen Publication information Publisher …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Barham Middleton — (October 28 1882 December 1 1911) was a British poet, who is remembered mostly for his short stories, in particular The Ghost Ship .After education at Cranbrook School, Kent, he worked in London for the Royal Exchange Assurance Corporation bank,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.