Stardust Resort & Casino


Stardust Resort & Casino

Casino infobox
casino = Stardust Resort & Casino
theme = Outer space
address = 3000 Las Vegas Blvd South
Las Vegas, NV 89109





logo_size = 200
rooms = 1,552
date_opened = July 2, 1958
date_closed = November 1, 2006
restaurants = William B's
owner = Boyd Gaming Corporation
casino_type = Land-Based
date_imploded = March 13, 2007
renovations = 1964
1977
1991
imploded = March 13, 2007
names_pre = Royal Nevada (Part of it at least)
website = [http://www.Stardust.com//casino]

The Stardust Resort & Casino was a casino resort located on 63 acres along the famed Las Vegas Strip in Winchester, Nevada.

Most of the casino complex (including the main 32-story tower) was built in 1991, and its March 13, 2007 demolition marked the youngest undamaged high-rise building to ever be demolished.

The Stardust officially closed at 12:00 p.m. (Pacific Time) on November 1, 2006 after operating continuously for 48 years. It was imploded on March 13, 2007, around 2:33 A.M. In 2007, construction began on Echelon Place, which will replace The Stardust. [ [http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=investigative&id=5115444 Link to Chicago history, and date reference] ]

History

The resort was conceived and built by Tony Cornero, who died in 1955 before construction was completed. When the hotel opened, it had the largest casino in Nevada, the largest swimming pool in Nevada and the largest hotel in the Las Vegas area.

The Stardust opened at 12:00 noon on July 2, 1958. The attendees of the opening included governors, senators, city and county officials and Hollywood celebrities.

The entertainment registry started with the spectacular French production show Lido de Paris. Lido was conceived by Pierre-Louis Guerin and Rene Fraday, and staged by Donn Arden.

The opening night lounge lineup offered, from dusk to dawn, Billy Daniels, The Happy Jesters, The Vera Cruz Boys and the Jack Martin Quartet. Daniels became the first entertainer to sign a long-term residency contract in Metropolitan Las Vegas when he agreed to appear for 40 weeks per year for three years.

Tony Cornero's dream became a $10 million 1,065 room reality, charging just $6.00 a day. The resort featured the convert|105|ft|m|sing=on long "Big Dipper" swimming pool, a convert|13500|sqft|m2|sing=on lobby, a convert|16500|sqft|m2|sing=on casino, and a decor featuring rich red and deep brown colors and indirect lighting.

The famed Stardust sign also became a symbol of Las Vegas. Young Electric Sign Company was hired to fabricate the sign. Kermit Wayne's design was selected for both the façade and the roadside signs. Although Dalitz said it was from his original plans, the sign was really part of Cornero's original concept.

The Stardust sign gave visitors a panoramic view of the solar system. At the sign's center sat a convert|16|ft|m|sing=on diameter plastic model of the Earth, taken from the Sputnik. Cosmic rays of neon and electric light bulbs beamed from behind the model earth in all direction. Three-dimensional acrylic glass planets spun alongside 20 scintillating neon starbursts. Across the universe was a jagged galaxy of electric lettering spelling out "Stardust". The sign utilized convert|7100|ft|m of neon tubing with over 11,000 bulbs along its convert|216|ft|m|sing=on front. The "S" alone contained 975 lamps. At night the neon constellation was reportedly visible convert|60|mi|km away.

The roadside sign was freestanding with a circle constraining an amorphous cloud of cosmic dust circled by an orbit ring and covered in dancing stars. The hotel's name was nestled in a galactic cloud.

The Stardust also conveniently held Las Vegas Strip's only first run a drive-in theatre in the rear of the resort.

The Stardust took over the closed Royal Nevada hotel-casino, remodeled the showroom, and converted it into a convention center and high-roller suite. From 1959 to 1964, this wing was occupied by the Stardust's "high roller" guests and The Stardust showgirls.

This Olympic size pool area was opened to the general public with the 1964 addition of the 9 story Stardust Tower that replaced half of the bungalow rooms.

In 1960, the resort added a new convert|4800|sqft|m2|sing=on screen surface to its drive-in theatre. The same year, the Aku Aku Polynesian Restaurant was opened, complete with a Tiki Bar, and a large stone Tiki head marking the entrance from the outside.

By 1961, Stardust's management included Credit Manager Hyman Goldbaum, a career criminal with seven known aliases, fourteen criminal convictions including an assault conviction, and a three year prison sentence for income tax evasion. Casino Manager and 5% owner Johnny Drew, was a veteran associate of Al Capone and was once fined for running a crooked dice game at an Elks convention, and general manager Morris Kleinman had served three years for tax evasion.

In 1964, with the addition of the nine-story tower (later called the East Tower), the room count increased to 1,470. For the next 5 years The Stardust was the leader in rooms until 1969 when The International opened. In 1964 the landmark façade was updated, expanding out into the parking lot by the highway. The new façade raised the Stardust's name, still in electra-jag letters, onto a pole above the exploding universe.

In 1965, the old circular sign was replaced by a new $500,000 roadside sign. The new sign's form was blurred by a scatter of star shapes, a shower of stardust. At night, incorporating neon and incandescent bulbs in the animation sequence, light fell from the stars, sprinkling from the top of the convert|188|ft|m|sing=on tall sign down over the Stardust name.

In 1966, Howard Hughes attempted to buy the Stardust for $30.5 million but was thwarted by government officials on the grounds that his acquisition of any more gambling resorts might violate the Sherman Antitrust Act.

In November 1969, Parvin-Dohrmann Corporation purchased the Stardust for an undisclosed amount.

In the 1970s Argent, the owner of the Stardust, had siphoned off between $7 and $15 million dollars using rigged scales. When exposed by the FBI, this skimming operation was the largest ever exposed. [cite news |first=Corey |last= Levitan |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= TOP 10 SCANDALS: GRITTY CITY |url= http://www.lvrj.com/living/16160347.html |work=Las Vegas Review-Journal |publisher= |date= 2008-03-02 |accessdate=2008-03-03 ]

In 1977, the Stardust went through another remodeling. The bombastic galactic theme was abandoned, though the roadside sign remained, and the façade was covered with animated neon tubing and trimmed with mirrored finish facets. The new porte cochere sparkled with 1,000 small incandescent bulbs. The encrustation of bulbs turned solid mass into ethereal form.

In 1980, the Aku Aku Polynesian Restaurant closed. The giant stone Tiki head that marked the entrance was later moved to an island in an artificial lake at Sunset Park in Winchester, Nevada.

In 1984, the Nevada Gaming Commission levied a $3 million fine against the resort for skimming, the highest fine ever issued by the commission. Suspicions, accusations and controversy about the Stardust's hidden ownership over the years was finally squelched when Sam Boyd's locally-based, squeaky-clean gaming company purchased the Stardust in March 1985.

In 1991, a 32-story West Tower was added to the resort, overshadowing the older East Tower and bringing the total room count to 1,500. Two landscaped swimming pools, a golf course, and athletic facilities were also built. The renovation project totaled $300 million. That same year, the Stardust sign's Jetsonian lettering was replaced with a subdued Futura typeface. Take into consideration the fact that the bungalow rooms had been demolished by now and is the reason that the room count stayed at 1,500. At its peak size, the Stardust contained convert|100000|sqft|m2 of gambling casino including 73 gaming tables, and 1,950 slot, keno and video poker machines. The conference center was convert|25000|sqft|m2 and could accommodate meetings and banquets for groups of 25 to 2,000.

Lido de Paris was replaced in 1992 with Enter the Night, which closed in 1999.

Siegfried & Roy got their Strip start at the Stardust with the help of mob associate Frank Rosenthal after he gave them Allen Glick's Rolls Royce.

Wayne Newton signed a ten-year deal with the Stardust in 1999, for a reported $25 million per year, the largest entertainment contract in the Las Vegas region at the time. After five and half years, Newton ended his run in late April 2005, and George Carlin moved into his theater. Magician Rick Thomas premiered at the hotel on March 25, 2005.

In 2002, comedian Andrew Dice Clay had a regular show at the Stardust.

During the Stardust Theater's last month of operation, legendary stars including George Carlin, Tim Conway and Harvey Korman gave performances. The last act to perform in The Stardust Theater was Steve Lawrence and Eydie Gorme; the theatre formally closed on October 28, 2006.

Royal Nevada

The Royal Nevada was the previous hotel on part of the Stardust site.

The Royal Nevada opened north of the New Frontier on April 19, 1955, as the "Showplace of Showtown, U.S.A." The resort's crowning glory was the crown which sat on top of the resort.

The night before the opening, 'atomic soldiers' were treated to a pre-opening party.

The Royal Nevada was plagued with financial problems from the start.

While this resort seemed to "disappear completely", swallowed in 1959 by the Stardust becoming the Stardust's Convention Center, portions of the two story bungalow style Royal Nevada wing and pool remained in use up until 2006.

The Final Day

The Stardust closed its doors to the public forever on November 1, 2006. [ [http://www.reviewjournal.com/lvrj_home/2007/Mar-13-Tue-2007/news/13129831.html "Lights out for Strip icon", Las Vegas Review-Journal, March 13, 2007] ] The last dice throw at a Stardust craps table was by tourist Jimmy Kumihiro of Hawaii. [http://www.lasvegassun.com/sunbin/stories/sun/2006/nov/02/c00008981.html?Jimmy%20Kumihiro] Slot machine betting was officially halted at 7:30 a.m. Just before the casino was officially closed at 12 Noon, the Bobbie Howard Band led the customers out the doors for the last time (in a conga line) to the tune of "When the Saints Go Marching In", and the hotel/casino complex closed forever after a 48 year run of continuous 24 hour operation. Outside, the loudspeakers were playing the John Lennon song "Nobody Told Me", which contains the line "Nobody told me there'd be days like these / Strange days indeed". [ [http://www.lasvegassun.com/sunbin/stories/sun/2006/nov/02/566637116.html?Stardust%20Casino "John Katsilometes sidles up to Bill Boyd on the morning he closes the door on the legendary Stardust amid a festive atmosphere", Las Vegas Sun, November 2, 2006] ]

At the time of its closing, The Stardust Showroom starred The Magic of Rick Thomas, the most successful daytime show in the Strip's history.

Implosion

On Tuesday March 13, 2007 at 2:33 a.m. (Pacific Time), the Stardust Resort was imploded in a grand ceremony which included fireworks prior to the East and West Towers' tumble.

See this [http://www.metacafe.com/watch/474724/stardust_demolition/ video] of the demolition. There is another video [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rWCVIlktX-k here] which includes the implosion in reverse and in slow motion.

Attractions

*25,000 square feet Convention Center
*Car rental—onsite
*Dining—9 places to choose from
*Fitness Center
*Pavilion/Exhibit Center—40,500 square feet
*Race and sports book
*Shopping
*Spa
*Swimming pools
*Wedding chapel

Books and film

It can be seen in the movie "Mars Attacks!" where it is damaged by the Martians.

The large neon sign can be seen in several scenes in the movie "Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas".

The book Casino: Love and Honor in Las Vegas written by Nicholas Pileggi and Larry Shandling and the movie "Casino" based on Pileggi's and Shandling's book chronicles the days when The Stardust Casino - and two other casinos from the area - were run by Frank 'Lefty' Rosenthal and Anthony 'The Ant' Spilotro on behalf of the Chicago and Kansas City Mafia during the 1960s and 1970s.

Rosenthal was eventually denied a gaming license and placed in the Nevada Gaming Control Board's "black book" and Spilotro and his brother were found dead, buried half naked in a corn field in Indiana.

In the film Robert De Niro portrayed the head of The Stardust, in the person of Sam 'Ace' Rothstein, a composite of Rosenthal's personality. Joe Pesci portrayed Nicky Santoro, a composite of Spilotro's personality. The name of the casino was changed to "Tangiers" and was shown being across the street from the Dunes, several blocks away from the site of The Stardust. However, snippets of the Hoagy Carmichael song "Stardust" can be heard on the soundtrack, giving a subtle hint as to the casino's true identity.

The book, "The Stardust of Yesterday: Reflections on a Las Vegas Legend" written by Heidi Knapp Rinella, edited by Mike Weatherford and foreword by Siegfried and Roy is a complete history of the hotel and casino. Heidi Knapp Rinella and Mike Weatherford are both staff writers for the "Las Vegas Review-Journal". Siegfried and Roy had their debut at the Stardust in the 1970s and tell of their many memories.

The book "The Odds: One Season, Three Gamblers and the Death of Their Las Vegas", by Chad Millman, chronicled a year in the lives of Stardust race & sports book manager Joe Lupo and assistant manager Bob Scucci, as well as professional sports bettor Alan Boston and wannabe sports bettor Rodney Bosnich. The Stardust was chosen due to its status at the time as the "home of the opening line."

The camp classic movie "Showgirls" was partly filmed on location and set in The Stardust Resort and Casino. The films revolves around the battles to be the top Stardust showgirl.

The Vince Vaughn film "Swingers" had scenes set and filmed at The Stardust Resort and Casino.

In 1994, the movie "" was filmed at the Stardust Resort and Casino.

References

* [http://gaming.unlv.edu/v_museum/neon_survey/surveys/stardust.html Neon Survey]
* [http://www.lasvegassun.com/sunbin/stories/text/2005/apr/22/518646956.html Las Vegas Sun newspaper]
* [http://biz.yahoo.com/prnews/060104/law076.html?.v=38 Boyd Gaming Press Release Announcing Echelon Place]

External links

* [http://www.metacafe.com/watch/474724/stardust_demolition/ Stardust Implosion Video]
* [http://xahlee.org/Periodic_dosage_dir/las_vegas/stardust.html Stardust Hotel photos at Xah's Las Vegas]
* [http://oldsads.org/roadside15.htm The Fifties in Postcards Stardust Hotel on old postcards]


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