Deane, Greater Manchester

Deane, Greater Manchester

Coordinates: 53°34′16″N 2°28′05″W / 53.571°N 2.468°W / 53.571; -2.468

Deane Parish Church.jpg
Deane Parish Church
Deane is located in Greater Manchester

 Deane shown within Greater Manchester
OS grid reference SD689084
    - London  173 mi (278 km) SE 
Metropolitan borough Bolton
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BOLTON
Postcode district BL3
Dialling code 01204
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Bolton West
List of places: UK • England • Greater Manchester
George Marsh memorial

Deane is an area of Bolton, in Greater Manchester, England.[1] It is about 2 miles (3.2 km) south west of Bolton and 11 miles (17.7 km) northwest of the city of Manchester.

Historically a part of Lancashire, the Parish of Deane was once one of four parishes within the hundred of Salford and covered roughly half of the present Metropolitan Borough of Bolton. The church of St Mary on which the parish was centred was in the township of Rumworth.[2]




Deane's name comes from the Old English word "denu" - meaning valley.[3]In earlier times Deane was written without the final "e".[4] The stream running in the valley to the west of the present church was given the Saxon name of Kirkbroke - meaning Church Brook.[5] The valley is also referred to as Deane Clough, "cloh" was Old English for a ravine or deep valley.[6]

Early church history

Since Anglo-Saxon times there has been a chapel at Deane in the township of Rumworth,[7] the earliest record is from the year 1100. This chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary the Virgin was sometimes referred to as St. Mariden i.e. St. Mary's, Deane in old documents.[5][8] Deane chapelry in the ancient Parish of Eccles was mentioned in 13th century deeds and became a parish in its own right in 1541. St Mary's Church, on the site of the original chapel, dates from 1452 replacing earlier buildings, the tower and north door are older than the rest of the building. The church has been altered at various times and restored in about 1880.[9][10]

George Marsh

Protestant martyr, George Marsh, a farmer's son, was born in Deane in 1515. When Edward VI became King in 1547, Marsh's study of the New Testament led to his appointment as a preaching minister. When Edward VI died in 1553, his half-sister Mary I became Queen. She sought to re-establish Roman Catholicism, Marsh became victim to her persecution of the reformers. He appeared before Justice Barton at Smithills Hall accused of preaching false doctrines. However he made a stand for his beliefs, he was tried and convicted. He was imprisoned at Chester and finally burnt at the stake April 24th 1555.[11][12] A memorial was erected in the churchyard in 1893, it is a Grade II listed structure.[13]


Lying within the boundaries of the historic county of Lancashire since the early 12th century, the Parish of Deane was subdivided into townships in 1660. The ten townships were Horwich, Halliwell, Heaton, Rumworth (where Deane Parish Church is situated), Westhoughton, Over Hulton, Middle Hulton, Little Hulton, Farnworth and Kearsley.[14]

In 1837 Rumworth along with neighbouring townships (or civil parishes) became part of the Bolton Poor Law Union which took responsibility for the administration and funding of the Poor Law in that area.[15] In the 19th century many of the Deane townships became independent civil parishes and were merged into Bolton Borough. In 1872 part of Rumworth township became part of Bolton Borough, the remainder of Rumworth (which included Deane Parish Church) was renamed Deane township in 1894 and in 1898 it too was merged into the County Borough of Bolton.



  1. ^ Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, 2010-06-03,, retrieved 2010-06-03 
  2. ^ Rumworth Township Map,,, retrieved 2010-01-16 
  3. ^ Billington(1982),
  4. ^ Billington(1982),
  5. ^ a b Deane Parish,,, retrieved 2010-01-07 
  6. ^ Mills(1998),p.402
  7. ^ Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Rumworth", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online),, retrieved 2010-01-07 
  8. ^ The Parish of St Mary the Virgin, Deane,,, retrieved 2010-01-07 
  9. ^ Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "The parish of Deane", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online): pp. 1–5,, retrieved 2010-01-07 
  10. ^ Deane St Mary's,,, retrieved 2010-01-07 
  11. ^ George Marsh,,, retrieved 2010-01-07 
  12. ^ George Marsh, martyr,,, retrieved 2010-01-07 
  13. ^ George Marsh Memorial, Images of england,, retrieved 2010-01-30 
  14. ^ Deane Map,,, retrieved 2010-01-07 
  15. ^ BoltonPLU,,, retrieved 2009-11-28 
  • Billington, W.D. (1982), From Affetside to Yarrow : Bolton place names and their history, Ross Anderson Publications, ISBN 0-86360-003-4 
  • Mills, A.D. (1998), Dictionary of English Place-Names, Oxford, ISBN 0-19-280074-4 

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heaton, Greater Manchester — infobox UK place latitude= 53.581 longitude= 2.462 official name= Heaton population= os grid reference= SD695095 metropolitan borough= Bolton metropolitan county= Greater Manchester region= North West England country= England post town= BOLTON… …   Wikipedia

  • Civil parishes in Greater Manchester — A map of Greater Manchester, with its 15 parished areas highlighted in red. A civil parish is a subnational entity, forming the lowest unit of local government in England. There are 15 civil parishes in the ceremonial county of Greater Manchester …   Wikipedia

  • Deane — may mean: Contents 1 People 1.1 As surname 1.2 As given name 2 Places 3 Ships …   Wikipedia

  • Deane Smalley — Personal information Full name Deane Alfie Michael Smalley …   Wikipedia

  • Manchester and District Cricket Association — The Manchester and District Cricket Association (MDCA) is an English cricket association which contains 17 teams spread around the Greater Manchester area. Founded in 1892, it supports two leagues for teams playing First XI cricket, two for… …   Wikipedia

  • University of Manchester — The University of Manchester Arms of the University of Manchester. The Manchester bee is the main symbol of Manchester. Motto Latin: Cognitio, sapientia, humanitas Motto in English Knowledge, Wisdom, Humanity …   Wikipedia

  • The Manchester College — For other uses, see Manchester College. Coordinates: 53°28′48″N 2°14′38″W / 53.480°N 2.244°W / 53.480; 2.244 …   Wikipedia

  • Districts in England — Die Liste führt alle District bzw. Unitary Authorithies Englands in alphabetischer Reihenfolge auf. Zu jedem District wird die Einwohnerzahl, der Status bzw. die Bezeichnung und die zugehörige County genannt. Bei den Unitary Authorities wird die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Distrikte in England — Die Liste führt alle District bzw. Unitary Authorithies Englands in alphabetischer Reihenfolge auf. Zu jedem District wird die Einwohnerzahl, der Status bzw. die Bezeichnung und die zugehörige County genannt. Bei den Unitary Authorities wird die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • North West England — This article is about the government office region. For the European constituency, see North West England (European Parliament constituency). North West England North West region shown within England Geography Status Region …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.