- Canadian twenty-dollar bill
The Canadian $20 bill is the most common banknote of the Canadian dollar; it is the main banknote dispensed from Canadian
automatic banking machines (ABM). The Canadian $20 bill was introduced on September 29, 2004 as part of the Canadian Journey Series.
The current 20-dollar bill is predominantly green in colour. The front features a portrait of Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, the Royal Arms of Canada, and a picture of the
Centre Blockof the Parliament buildings. Security features visible from the front include a holographicstripe along the left side, depicting the number "20" alternated with mapleleaves; a watermarkof the Queen's portrait; and a broken-up number 20, which resolves itself when backlit. The reverse side depicts artworks by Bill Reid, notably his sculptures "Raven and the First Men" and " Spirit of Haida Gwaii"; it also has a quotation from Gabrielle Roy. The reverse also has a visible security feature: an interleaved metallic strip, reading "20 CAN" repeatedly along its length. Yellow dots representing the EURion constellationcan be found on both sides (and on all 2001 series notes). As well as textured printing, this new 2004 design incorporates a special tactile feature similar to Brailledots for the blind indicating the denomination.
The 2004 $20 bill was awarded Bank Note of the Year by the
International Bank Note Societyin 2005.
An older, now less common design still remains in circulation as of July,
2006. It features, on the front, a portrait of Elizabeth II, the Royal Arms of Canada, and a picture of the Library of Parliament. On the reverse side is a wilderness scene with two Common Loons. This 20 was the lowest denomination to have a holographic sticker showing the amount in the top left side, which changes from gold to green when tilted. The front has a wavy background of extremely small but still clear numeral 20s. This micro-printed background is very hard to copy. Some of the printing on a 20 is textured so that it is easy to feel, quite different from normal printing.
All Canadian banknotes underwent a major redesign in 1991, partially to incorporate some of the latest anti-
forgerymethods. Bills continue to be improved, with the latest design revealed on August 25, 2004, and placed into circulation on September 29, 2004. Notes are printed on paper composed of pure cottonat two Ottawacompanies contracted for the purpose. They are the Canadian Bank Note Companyand BA International Inc., a part of the Giesecke & Devrient GmbHgroup of companies.
Each bill in the 1991 series was sprinkled with special green ink dots, called planchettes, that glow when exposed to
ultravioletlight. The ink can be scraped off, so worn bills tend to have fewer, if any, glowing dots. These were replaced with more permanent ultraviolet-detected threads in the new bills, as well as an ink imprint of the coat of arms.
Twenty Dollar View
The view of
Moraine Lakein Banff National Parkfrom the top of the moraine rockpile is one of the most photographed locations in all of Canada. [Ellis, Cathy - [http://www.albertalocalnews.com/rockymountainoutlook/community/27633059.html Moraine Lake's Rockpile Trail to receive upgrades.] Rocky Mountain Outlook, August 28, 2008] That view of the mountains behind the lake in Valley of the Ten Peaksis known as the Twenty Dollar View, as Moraine Lake was featured on the reverse side of the 1969and 1979issues of the Canadian twenty dollar bill[ [http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en/banknotes/general/character/1969-79_20.htm Bank of Canada] - 1969-1979 Canadian $20 Bank note featuring Moraine Lake] [Weddell, Peggy - [http://www.legionmagazine.com/en/index.php/1997/01/banff-a-rocky-mountain-treasure/ Banff: A Rocky Mountain Treasure.] Legion Magazine, January 1, 1997] .
* [http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en/banknotes/index.html Bank of Canada banknote site]
* [http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en/banknotes/counterfeit/security/index20_2001-04.html Counterfeit Prevention - Canadian Journey Series $20 Note]
* [http://www.ibns.it/money/NoteOfYear/bnoy-2005.htm International Bank Note Society 2005 Bank Note of the Year]
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