Bombing of Ulm in World War II


Bombing of Ulm in World War II

The city of Ulm was heavily bombed during World War II. The heaviest air raid was on 17 December 1944, which killed and injuring hundreds but left 25,000 people homeless. By the end of the war, 81% of the city center was destroyed. Only 1,763 out of 12,756 buildings were intact. But the Ulm Münster (Cathedral) still towered above the ruins, as it was left intact by Allied bombers who utilized it as a navigational landmark. Water-filled bomb craters covered the ground, following the rain. The rubble was so thick that walking was almost impossible.

This was the British Royal Air Force Bomber Command's first and only raid on Ulm. Two large lorry factories, Magirus-Deutz and Kässbohrer were the primary targets. There were several other important industries and some Wehrmacht (German Military) barracks and depots. A total of 1,449 tons of bombs were dropped during the 25-minute raid, starting in the city centre (Münsterplatz) and then creeping back to the west, across the industrial and railway areas and out into the country. The Gallwitz Barracks and several military hospitals were among 14 establishments destroyed.

There were 317 Avro Lancaster bombers and 13 DeHavilland Mosquito light bombers of No. 1 Group RAF and No. 8 Group RAF. There were 2 Lancasters lost. [ [http://www.raf.mod.uk/bombercommand/dec44.html Royal Air Force Campaign Diary December 1944] ]

Reference


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bombing of Dresden in World War II — Dresden after the bombing raid The Bombing of Dresden was a military bombing by the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) and as part of the Allied forces between 13 February and 15 Febr …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Hamburg in World War II — History of Hamburg This article is part of a series Hamburg culture   …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Cologne in World War II — Cologne in 1945 The City of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids[1] by the Allies during World War II, including 31 times[ …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Belgrade in World War II — This article is about the bombings of Belgrade during WWII. For NATO bombings in 1999, see 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. The city of Belgrade was bombed during two campaigns in World War II, the first undertaken by the Luftwaffe in 1941, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Mannheim in World War II — The German city of Mannheim in the state of Baden Württemberg saw bombing during World War II from December 1940 until the end of the war. Mannheim saw over 150 air raids. As part of Operation Abigail Rachel the first deliberate terror raid on… …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Minsk in World War II — Minsk after the bombing. The Minsk Blitz was the heavy bombing of the city of Minsk (population was 270,000) in the USSR during the Second World War. During 24 June 1941 three waves of bombers, of 47 aircraft each, bombed Minsk. The anti aircraft …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Nordhausen in World War II — Nordhausen WWII bombings Part of Strategic bombing campaign in Europe Location Nordhausen (district), Nazi Germany …   Wikipedia

  • Bombings of Heilbronn in World War II — During World War II, the German city of Heilbronn was bombed many times by both the British and the Americans. The largest attack occurred on 4 December 1944, but there were many previous attacks targeted at Heilbronn that were almost as damaging …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (B) — # B 17 Flying Fortress (video game) # B 17 Flying Fortress # B 17, Queen of the Skies # B 24 Liberator # B 29 Superfortress # B Reactor # Błyskawica radiostation # Błyskawica submachine gun # Børge Mathiesen # BA 10 # BA 11 # BA 20 # BA 21 # BA… …   Wikipedia

  • Strategic bombing during World War II — For a list of notable strategic bombings in the European Theatre of World War II, see List of air operations during the Battle of Europe. Main article: Air warfare of World War II Strategic bombing during World War II Part of World War II …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.