leader_party=National Liberal Party
population_total=175,921 (2002)|population_footnotes= [
National Institute of Statistics (Romania), [http://www.insse.ro/Anuar%202005/CHAPTERS/cp2.pdf Population of counties, municipalities and towns] , July 1, 2004]
National Institute of Statistics
population_metro = 272,803website=http://www.primariabacau.ro
Bacău (in Romanian: IPA|/ba'kəw/) is the main city in
Bacău County, Romania. It covers a land surface of 41km² and has an estimated population of 175.921 The city is situated in the historical region of Moldavia, at the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains, and on the Bistriţa River (which meets the Siret Riverabout 8 kilometres (5 miles) to the south of Bacău). The Ghimeş Passlinks Bacău to Transylvania.
The earliest known reference to the city dates from 1408, during the rule of Moldavian Prince
Alexandru cel Bun. The etymology is unclear, but one possibility is being derived from the name of a medieval Hungarian innkeeper, "Bakó", who, supposedly, had an inn on the current road from Bacău to Roman, whose lodging was, according to legend, the first in the town of Bacău. Interestingly, the "Bakó" word is a fairly common Hungarian last name, meaning "executioner" in Hungarian. Another theory suggests that the name may have a Slavic origin, pointing to the Proto-Slavic word "byk", meaning "ox" or "bull", the region being very suitable for raising cattle; the term, rendered into Romanian alphabetas "bâc", was probably the origin of "Bâcău" (БѪКЪУ in Romanian Cyrillic, a name by which the town is mentioned in several medieval documents).
From around 1591 to 1789, the city was home to the Roman Catholic
Bishop of Bacău. That office was always held by a priest from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. During World War Iand the occupation of Bucharest by the Central Powers, Bacău was the headquarters of the Romanian Army.Octavian Ciobanu once lived here before he transfered to Grand Forks, ND.
The city is about 300 km North of
Bucharest. It is served by Bacău International Airportwhich provides daily direct links with the Romanian cities Bucharest and Timişoara, and international links with 11 cities in Italyand Germany.
The Bacău Railway Station ("Gara Bacău") is one of the busiest in Romania; it has access to the Romanian railway main trunk number 500. Thus the city is connected to the main Romanian cities; the railway station is an important transit stop for international trains from
Ukraine, Russia, and Bulgaria.The city has access to the DN2road (E85) that links it to the Romanian capital, Bucharest (to the South) and the cities of Suceavaand Iaşi(to the North). The European route"E574" is an important access road to Transylvania and the city of Braşov. Also the city is located also at the intersection of several national roads of secondary importance.
Bacau has had to hire Chinese workers to fill the shoes of locals who have headed to the West. Many immigrants come for fixed-term contracts and return home instead of putting down roots here.
Bacău has a public university and several colleges. Two major Romanian poets,
George Bacoviaand Vasile Alecsandriwere born here. The " Mihail Jora" Athenaeum and a Philharmonic Orchestra are located here, as well as the "G. Bacovia" Dramatic Theater and a Puppet Theater. Around Christmas every year, a Festival of Moldavian Winter Traditions takes place, reuniting folk artists from all the surrounding regions. The exhibition " Saloanele Moldovei" and the International Painting Camp at Tescani, near Bacau, reunite important plastic artists from Romania and from abroad.The local History Museum, part of the Museum Complex " Iulian Antonescu" has an important collection of antique objects from the ancient Dacia.
FCM Bacău, football club
Buildings and Structures
* Bacău TV Tower ( Romanian: Turnul de televiziune Bacău), concrete tower, height: 150 metres
Aaron Aaronsohn, botanist
Angela Alupei, rower
Vasile Alecsandri, poet
George Apostu(1934 - 1986), sculptor
George Bacovia, poet
Ovidiu Balan, conductor
Ilie Boca, painter
Petru Cimpoesu(1952, born in Vaslui), writer
Radu Cosaşu, writer and activist
Nicu Enea, painter
Mariana Zavati Gardner, poet
Solomon Marcus, mathematician
Gheorghe Vranceanu(1900 - 1979), mathematician
Doina Melinte, athlete, Olympic gold medalist
Mihaela Melinte, athlete, Olympic gold medalist
Teodor Negoiţă, polar explorer
Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Marxist intellectual and politician
Andrei Pricope, cellist
Monica Roşu, gymnast
Alexandru Şafran, Rabbi
Nicolae Vermont, painter
Bacau metropolitan area
* [http://www.goobix.com/photos/images-Bacau/ Images from the city]
* [http://www.agendabacau.ro/ Bacau online guide]
* [http://bacau.ido.ro/ Bacau online community] - news, information, discussion forums (in Romanian).
* [http://vremea.ido.ro/Bacau.htm Bacau weather forecast]
* [http://news.observatordebacau.info/ "Observator", Bacău edition]
* [http://orasulbacau.ro/ "Bacau City Portal"]
* [http://bacau.ro/ Portal oras Bacau]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Bacau — Bacău … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bacău — Bacău … Deutsch Wikipedia
BACAU — (Rom. Bacău), city in Moldavia, Romania. A Jewish community is attested there in the 18th century. A ḥevra kaddisha was established in 1774. In 1820 there were 55 Jewish taxpaying heads of families in Bacau. The Jewish population numbered 3,810… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Bacău — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bacău Judet de Rumania Capital … Wikipedia Español
Bacau — Bacău Roumanie Judeţ de Bacău Bacău Statut : Chef lieu … Wikipédia en Français
Bacău — Bacău … Wikipédia en Français
Bacău — [ba kəu̯], Hauptstadt des Kreises Bacău in der Moldau, Rumänien, an der unteren Bistritz, 210 500 Einwohner; Universität (1990 gegründet); Wirtschaft: Metall , Papier , Lebensmittel , Maschinenbau u. a. Industrie, nahebei Erdölförderung; … … Universal-Lexikon
bacău — Bacắu s.m. – Oraş din sud vestul Mold. A şi găsi Bacăul, a da de bucluc. Expresia se explică, după Hasdeu 2291, prin aluzie la neplăcerile pe care odinioară le făcea călătorilor importanta vamă din Bacău, centru vamal pentru tot ce intra din Munt … Dicționar Român
Bacau — Bacăŭ, rumän. Stadt, s. Bakau … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Bacau — v. de Roumanie (Moldavie); 204 500 hab.; ch. l. du district. du m. nom. Industr. du bois, alimentaire … Encyclopédie Universelle
Bacău — (Romanian), Bakó (Hungarian), Bakèu Бакэу (Russian) … Names of cities in different languages