Peace River (Canada)


Peace River (Canada)

:"This article is about the river. For the town in Alberta see Peace River, Alberta. For other uses see Peace RiverInfobox River
river_name = Peace River



caption = Peace River watershed in western Canada
origin = Finlay River
mouth = Slave River
basin_countries = Canada
length = 1,923 km
elevation = 671 m (mouth of Finlay River)
1,200 m (Finlay headwater)
mouth_elevation = 213 m
discharge = 2161 m³/s
68,200,000 dam³/a
watershed = 302,500 km²
The Peace River (French: "rivière de la Paix") is a river in Canada that originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta.

History

The regions along the river are the traditional home of the Dunne-za or Beaver people. The fur trader Peter Pond is believed to have visited the river in 1785. In 1788 Charles Boyer of the North West Company established a fur trading post at the river's junction with the Boyer River.

In 1792 and 1793, the explorer Alexander Mackenzie travelled up the river to the Continental Divide. [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9058854 Peace River] . (2006). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved September 12, 2006, from Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service] Mackenzie referred to the river as "Unjegah", from a native word meaning "large river". The Peace River, or Unchaga or Unjaja, was named after Peace Point near Lake Athabasca, where the Treaty of the Peace came authorized with the smoking of a peace pipe. The treaty ended the decades of hostilities between the Beaver (Athapascan branch) and the Cree in which the Cree dominated the Beaver until a smallpox epidemic in 1781 decimated the Cree. The treaty made the Beaver stay north of the river and the Cree south. [Coutts, M. E. (1958). [http://ipac2.vpl.ca/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=1129U0R81L677.2893&profile=pac&source=~!horizon&view=items&uri=full=3100001~!113862~!0&ri=3&aspect=subtab13&menu=search&ipp=20&spp=20&staffonly=&term=Dawson+Creek+(B.C.)&index=SUBJECT&uindex=&aspect=subtab13&menu=search&ri=3 "Dawson Creek: Past and Present, An Historical Sketch".] Edmonton: Dawson Creek Historical Society.]

In 1794, a fur trading post was built on the poopy River at Fort St. John, which was the first non-native settlement on the British Columbia mainland.

The rich soils of the Peace River valley in Alberta have been producing wheat crops since the late 19th century. The Peace River region is also an important centre of oil and natural gas production. There are also pulp and paper plants along the river in British Columbia.

Geography

Course

This river is 1,923 km long (from the head of Finlay River to Lake Athabasca). It drains an area of approximately 302,500 km². [Cite web| url= http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/learningresources/facts/rivers.html |author= Atlas of Canada | authorlink= Atlas of Canada | title= Rivers in Canada| accessdate= 2007-05-01] At Peace Point, where it drains in the Slave River, it has an annual discharge of 2161 m³/s or 68,200,000 dam³/a. [ [http://www3.gov.ab.ca/env/water/basins/BasinForm.cfm Alberta Environment] - Alberta river basins]

.

Communities

Communities located directly on the river include:
*Hudson's Hope, British Columbia
*Taylor, British Columbia
*Peace River, Alberta
*Fort Vermilion, Alberta

Many provincial parks and wildland reserves are established on the river, such as Butler Ridge Provincial Park, Taylor Landing Provincial Park, Beatton River Provincial Park, Peace River Corridor Provincial Park in British Columbia and Dunvegan Provincial Park, "Dunvegan West Wildland", "Peace River Wildland", Greene Valley Provincial Park, Notikewin Provincial Park, Wood Buffalo National Park in Alberta.

A few Indian reserves are also located on the river banks, among them Beaver Ranch 163, John D'Or Prairie 215, Fox Lake 162, Peace Point 222 and Devil's Gate 220.

Tributaries

Tributaries of the Peace River include:Williston Lake
*Finlay River

*Omineca River
*Ingenika River
*Ospika River
*Parsnip River
*Manson River
*Nation River
*Clearwater Creek
*Nabesche River
*Carbon CreekNortheastern British Columbia
*Farrell Creek
*Halfway River
*Moberly River
*Pine River
*Beatton River
*Kiskatinaw River
*Alces RiverAlberta
*Pouce Coupe River
*Clear River
*Montagneuse River
*Hamelin Creek
*Ksituan River
*Hines Creek
*Saddle River
*Smoky River
*Heart River
*Whitemud River
*Cadotte River
*Notikewin River
*Wolverine River
*Buffalo River
*Keg River
*Boyer River
*Caribou River
*Wabasca River
*Mikkwa River
*Wentzel River
*Jackfish RiverLake Claire
*Birch River
*McIvor River
*Baril Lake
*Mamawi Lake

References

External links

* [http://www.discoverthepeacecountry.com/ Discover The Peace Country]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Peace River Bridge — can refer to any of the following bridges over the Peace River in Canada: *Peace River Bridge (Alberta) *Peace River Bridge (British Columbia) Taylor, British Columbia *Peace River Suspension Bridge Taylor, British Columbia (collapsed in 1957)… …   Wikipedia

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  • Peace River Corridor Provincial Park — is a 2014 ha provincial park in British Columbia, Canada.It is located on the banks of the Peace River, at the confluence with Kiskatinaw River, downstream from Taylor. It is in the Boreal White and Black Spruce biogeoclimatic zone within the… …   Wikipedia


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