Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte


Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte
Napoléon Bonaparte
Portrait of "Prince Napoleon" by Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin in 1860
Spouse Maria Clotilde of Savoy
Issue
Victor, Prince Napoléon
Prince Louis
Princess Maria Letizia, Duchess of Aosta
Father Jérôme of Westphalia
Mother Catharina of Württemberg
Born 9 September 1822(1822-09-09)
Died 17 March 1891(1891-03-17) (aged 68)

Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte, Prince Français, Count of Meudon, Count of Moncalieri ad personam, titular 3rd Prince of Montfort (commonly known as Prince Napoléon and occasionally as Prince Jerome Napoléon; 9 September 1822 – 17 March 1891) was the second son of Jérôme Bonaparte, king of Westphalia, by his wife Catherine, princess of Württemberg. He soon rendered himself popular by playing on his family ties to Napoleon I. After the French revolution of 1848 he was elected to the National Assembly as a representative of Corsica.

Contents

Biography

Born at Trieste, Austria (today Italy), and known as Prince Napoléon or by the sobriquet of "Plon-Plon", he was a close advisor to his first cousin, Napoleon III of France, and in particular was seen as a leading advocate of French intervention in Italy on behalf of Camillo di Cavour and the Italian nationalists.

An anti-clerical liberal, he led that faction at court and tried to influence the Emperor to anti-clerical policies, against the contrary influence of the Emperor's wife, the Empress Eugenie, a devout Catholic and a conservative, and the patroness of those who wanted French troops to protect the Pope's sovereignty in Rome. The Emperor was to navigate between the two influences throughout his reign.

When his cousin became President in 1848, Napoleon was appointed Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain. He later served in a military capacity as general of a division in the Crimean War, as Governor of Algeria, and as a corps commander in the French Army of Italy in 1859. His curious nickname (Plon-Plon) derives from his pronunciation of his name when he was a child, while the nickname "Craint-Plomb", "Afraid-of-Lead" was given to him by the army due to his absence from the Battle of Solferino.

Prince Napoleon with his two sons

As part of his cousin's policy of alliance with Piedmont-Sardinia, in 1859 Prince Napoleon married Marie Clotilde, daughter of Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia. When Napoléon Eugène, Prince Imperial, died in 1879, Prince Napoleon became the genealogically most senior member of the Bonaparte family, but the Prince Imperial's will excluded him from the succession, nominating Prince Napoleon's son Napoléon Victor Jérôme Frédéric Bonaparte as the new head of the family. No doubt in this decision the Prince Imperial had been influenced by his cousin's hostile attitude at his birth. As a result Prince Napoleon and his son quarrelled for the remainder of Prince Napoleon's life. Napoléon died in Rome, Italy, at the age of 69. He had two more children: Napoléon Louis Joseph Jérôme (1864–1932), governor of Erivan who died unmarried and without issue,[1] and Marie Laetitia Eugénie Catherine Adélaïde (1866–1926), second wife of Amadeo I of Spain.

His grandson Louis Bonaparte (Brussels, 1914–1997) was a pretender of Bonaparte dynasty, and Louis's son, prince Charles Marie Jérôme Victor (born 1950), is the current head of the family. This Charles Napoleon has a son Jean-Christophe (born 1986) and a brother, Jérôme (born 1957), unmarried. There are no remaining legitimate descendants in male line from any other of Napoleon's brothers. There are, however, a substantial number of illegitimate descendants of Napoleon I himself, scions of his son Count Colonna-Walewski with Marie, Countess Walewski.

Issue

He and Maria Clotilde had three children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Napoléon Victor Bonaparte 1862 1926 Princess Clémentine of Belgium, a daughter of Leopold II of Belgium.
Louis Bonaparte 1864 1932
Maria Letizia Bonaparte 1866 1926 who in 1888 became the second wife of her uncle Amedeo (1845–1890), Duke of Aosta, and from 1870 until 1873 King of Spain.

References in Popular Fiction

Prince Napoléon takes a leading role in Robert Goddard's novel Painting the darkness. References are made to his role in the Crimean War and his son's succession over him.

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Giuseppe Maria Buonaparte
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carlo Buonaparte
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maria Saveria Paravicini
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jérôme Bonaparte
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Giovanni Geronimo Ramolino
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Letizia Ramolino
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Angela Maria Pietrasanta
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frederick I of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Catharina of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Augusta of Great Britain
 
 
 
 
 
 

References

  1. ^ Walker, Christopher (1980). Armenia: A Survival of a Nation, Chapter 3. Librairie Au Service de la Culture. pp. 75. ISBN 9780312049447. http://armenia-survival.50megs.com/Survival_Ch_3.htm. 
  • In the Courts of Memory, by Lillie de Hegermann-Lindencrone, relates the story of the origin of his nickname, with the warning; Se non è vero è ben trovato.




Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joseph - получить на Академике актуальный промокод на скидку Kupivip RU или выгодно joseph купить с дисконтом на распродаже в Kupivip RU

  • Napoléon-Joseph-Charles-Paul Bonaparte — Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte, genannt Prinz Napoéon oder Plon Plon (* 9. September 1822 in Triest; † 17. März 1891 in Rom) war französischer General und Politiker. 1870 wurde er zum Grafen von Moncalieri ernannt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte — dit Napoléon (Jérôme) Bonaparte, (Trieste, 9 septembre 1822 Rome, 17 mars 1891), comte de Montfort, prince français[1], comte de Meudon et comte de Moncalieri[2], cousin germain de l empereur Napoléon III, est une personnalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte — Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Napoleon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte — Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte Pour les articles homonymes, voir Napoléon et Bonaparte. Le prince Napoléon Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonapar …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte — Retrato del «Príncipe Napoleón» por Flandrin, 1860. Escuche este artículo (info) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte II — Charles Napoléon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bonaparte. Charles Napoléon, né Charles Marie Jérôme Victor Napoléon Bonaparte[1] le 19 octobre 1950 à Boulogne Billancourt (actuel département des Hauts de Seine), est le chef de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bonaparte, Napoléon-Joseph-Charles-Paul — (1822 1891)    nephew of Napoléon, senator, diplomat, imperial pretender    Born in Trieste, Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte, who was known as prince Jérôme, was the son of Jérôme bonaparte and Catherine of Wùrtemburg and was the nephew of …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Bonaparte, Napoléon-Joseph-Charles-Paul — ▪ French prince also called  (from 1852) Prince Napoléon jérôme   born Sept. 9, 1822, Trieste died March 17, 1891, Rome  youngest son of Jérôme Bonaparte, Napoleon I s youngest brother, and his second wife, Catherine of Württemberg. In 1852 he… …   Universalium

  • Napoléon-Jérôme-Joseph-Charles Bonaparte — Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte Pour les articles homonymes, voir Napoléon et Bonaparte. Le prince Napoléon Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonapar …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles Lucien Bonaparte — Born May 24, 18 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.