:"for the towns in Nepal see
Siddha, Nepal"A siddha சித்தா in Tamil means "one who is accomplished" and refers to perfected masters who according to Hindubelief have transcended the ahamkara(ego or I-maker), have subdued their minds to be subservient to their Awareness, and have transformed their bodies composed mainly of dense Rajo-tama gunasinto a different kind of bodies dominated by sattva. This is usually accomplished only by persistent meditation.
A siddha has also been defined to refer to one who has attained a
siddhi. The siddhis as paranormal abilities are considered emergent abilities of an individual that is on the path to siddhahood, and do not define a siddha, who is established in the Pranav- the Aum, which is the spiritual substrate of creation. The siddhi in its pure form means "the attainment of flawless identity with Reality ( Brahman); perfection of Spirit."
The concept of siddhas is a prime notion in
Hindu cosmologysiddhaloka is a subtle world (lokam) where perfected beings (siddhas) take birth. They are endowed with the eight primary siddhisat birth.
Tamil Nadu tradition of Siddhahood
In South India, a siddha refers to a being who has achieved a high degree of physical as well as spiritual perfection or enlightenment. The ultimate demonstration of this is that siddhas allegedly attained
physical immortality. Thus siddha, like siddharor cittar(indigenisation of Sanskrit terms in Tamil Nadu) refers to a person who has realised the goal of a type of sadhanaand become a perfected being. In Tamil Nadu, South India, where the siddha tradition is still practiced, special individuals are recognized as and called siddhas, or siddhars or cittars, who are on the path to that assumed perfection after they have taken special secret rasayanas to perfect their bodies, in order to be able to sustain prolonged meditation along with a form of pranayamawhich reduces the number of breaths taken by them considerably.
Siddha medicineis a form of medical treatment of diseases using substances of all possible origins in a way that balances the possible harmful effect of each substance. This form of medicine was professed and practised by siddhars who wrote their recipes on palm-leavesfor the use of future generations. Siddha medicine was developed by outstanding Dravidians (ancient Tamils), locally called Cittars. Preparations are made mainly out of the parts of the plants and trees such as leaves, bark, stem, root etc, but include also mineral and some animal substances. This form of medicine is still today well known in South India. The use of metals like gold, silverand ironpowders (Sanskrit bhasma) in some preparations is a special feature of siddha medicine, which claims it can detoxify metals to enable them to be used for stubborn diseases. This claim is especially relevant in the case of mercury which is relatively often used in the system; that means medicine containing purified mercury should only be received from a highly qualified practitioner of the art.
Traditional Knowledge Digital Library
* [http://indianmedicine.nic.in/html/siddha/siddha.htm#intro Introduction to Siddha] Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt of India.
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Siddha — (devanāgarī : सिद्ध) est un terme sanskrit qui signifie « accompli, réalisé, obtenu ou parfait ». Selon la philosophie indienne et plus particulièrement le Yoga, le Siddha est celui qui a atteint le but suprême ou la perfection… … Wikipédia en Français
Siddha — Siddha ([The] Perfected) refers to a historic group of YOGIS who achieved all of the SIDDHIS, or occult powers, and attained liberation from the cycle of birth and rebirth in the body (JIVANMUKTA). The tradition of the Siddhas preserves a… … Encyclopedia of Hinduism
SIDDHA — Mot sanskrit qui signifie «parfait», «achevé» et qui s’applique, dans la mythologie brahmanique, à des êtres qui ont accédé au statut divin à la suite de prouesses héroïques (guerrières ou spirituelles). À partir de là, on en est venu, dans le… … Encyclopédie Universelle
siddha — in Indian religion, one who has attained perfection and bliss, 1846, from Skt. siddhah accomplished, achieved, successful, possessing supernatural power, sorcerer, saint, related to sidhyati reaches his goal, succeeds, sadhuh right, skilled,… … Etymology dictionary
siddha — ▪ Jainism and Vajrayāna in Jainism, one who has achieved perfection. By right faith, right knowledge, and right conduct a siddha has freed himself from the cycle of rebirths and resides in a state of perpetual bliss in the siddha śīlā, at… … Universalium
Siddha — Siddhi bezeichnen im Buddhismus und Hinduismus besondere Kräfte, die man gemäß der Überlieferung durch spirituelle Praxis (in Hinduismus und Raja Yoga durch Samyama) erlangt. Meister, die Siddhi gezeigt haben sollen, werden in vielen spirituellen … Deutsch Wikipedia
siddha — [ sɪdʌ] noun Hinduism an ascetic who has achieved enlightenment. Origin from Sanskrit … English new terms dictionary
siddha — सिद्ध … Indonesian dictionary
siddhâ̱ri — सिद्धारि … Indonesian dictionary
siddha — sid·dha … English syllables