Later Zhou Dynasty


Later Zhou Dynasty

Infobox Former Country
native_name = 周
conventional_long_name = Zhou
common_name = Later Zhou Dynasty|
continent = Asia
region = China
country = China
era = Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period
status = Empire
status_text =
empire =
government_type = Monarchy|
year_start = 951
year_end = 960|
event_start = Coup d'etat
date_start = 951
event_end = Coup d'etat
date_end = 960|
event1 =
date_event1 =
event2 =
date_event2 =
event3 =
date_event3 =
event4 =
date_event4 = |
p1 = Later Han Dynasty (Five Dynasties)
s1 = Song Dynasty|


image_map_caption = |
capital = Kaifeng
latd= |latm= |latNS= |longd= |longm= |longEW= |
national_motto =
national_anthem =
common_languages = Chinese
religion = Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion
currency = Chinese cash, Chinese coin, copper coins etc.|
leader1 = Emperor Taizu
leader2 = Emperor Shizong
leader3 = Emperor Gongdi
year_leader1 = 951-954
year_leader2 = 954-959
year_leader3 = 959-960
title_leader = Emperor|
stat_year1 =
stat_area1 =
stat_pop1 =
stat_year2 =
stat_area2 =
stat_pop2 =
stat_year3 =
stat_area3 =
stat_pop3 =
stat_year4 =
stat_area4 =
stat_pop4 =
stat_year5 =
stat_area5 =
stat_pop5 =
footnotes =
The Later Zhou Dynasty (Simplified Chinese 后周; Traditional Chinese 後周; "pinyin" Hòu Zhōu) was the last a succession of five dynasties that controlled most of northern China during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, which lasted from 907 to 960 and bridged the gap between the Tang Dynasty and the Song Dynasty.

Founding of the Dynasty

Guo Wei, a Han Chinese, served as the Assistant Military Commissioner at the court of the Later Han Dynasty, a regime ruled by Shatuo Turks. A teenager came to the throne of the Later Han in 948 after the death of the founding emperor, Gaozu. Guo Wei led a successful coup against the teenage emperor and declared himself emperor of the new Later Zhou Dynasty on New Year’s Day in 951.

Rule of Guo Wei

Guo Wei, posthumously known as Emperor Taizu of Later Zhou, was the first Han Chinese ruler of northern China since 923. He is regarded as an able leader who attempted reforms designed to alleviate burdens faced by the peasantry. His rule was vigorous and well-organized. However, it was also a short reign. His death from illness in 954 ended his three year reign.

Rule of Guo Rong

Guo Rong, posthumously known as Emperor Shizong of Later Zhou, was the adoptive son of Guo Wei Born Chai Rong, he was the son of his wife’s elder brother. He ascended the throne on the death of his adoptive father in 954. His reign was also effective and was able to make some inroads in the south with victories against the Southern Tang in 956. However, efforts in the north to dislodge the Northern Han, while initially promising, were ineffective. He died an untimely death in 959 from an illness while on campaign.

Fall of the Later Zhou

Guo Rong was succeeded by his seven-year-old son upon his death. Soon thereafter Zhao Kuangyin usurped the throne and declared himself emperor of the Great Song Dynasty, a dynasty that would eventually reunite China, bringing all of the southern states into its control as well as the Northern Han by 979.

Rulers

References

*cite book|title=Imperial China (900-1800)|author=Mote, F.W.|publisher=Harvard University Press|year=1999|pages=13,14

*cite web|url= http://www.republicanchina.org/5Dynasty10State.html|title=5 DYNASTIES & 10 STATES|access date=October 8, 2006


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