Ocmulgee River


Ocmulgee River
Ocmulgee River
River
The Ocmulgee River at Macon
Country United States
State Georgia
Tributaries
 - left South River
 - right Yellow River
Source Confluence of South, Yellow, and Alcovy rivers
 - location Lloyd Shoals Dam, Georgia
 - coordinates 33°19′15″N 83°50′39″W / 33.32083°N 83.84417°W / 33.32083; -83.84417
Mouth
 - location Hazelhurst, Georgia
Length 255 mi (410 km)
Map of the Ocmulgee River watershed highlighted

The Ocmulgee River (ok-MUHL-gee) is a tributary of the Altamaha River, approximately 255 mi (410 km) long, in the U.S. state of Georgia. Noted for its relatively unspoiled and gentle current, it provides the principal drainage for a large section of the Piedmont and coastal plain of central Georgia.

Contents

Description

It is formed in north central Georgia southeast of Atlanta by the confluence of the Yellow, South, and Alcovy rivers, which join as arms of the Lake Jackson reservoir. It flows southeast past Macon, founded on the fall line, and joins the Oconee from the northwest to form the Altamaha near Lumber City.

Downstream from Lake Jackson, the river flows freely and is considered relatively unspoiled among the rivers of the region. Its low gradient of approximately 1 ft/mile (24 cm/km) gives it a wide and peaceful current along most of its course; it is a popular destination for canoeing. It receives treated wastewater from 13 facilities along its course. The river is a popular destination for catfishing and bass fishing.

On June 2, 1932 George W Perry caught the world-record Largemouth Bass in Montgomery Lake in Telfair County, Georgia. The fish weighed 22 1/4 pounds. While the record has not been broken, it was tied in 2010. Montgomery Lake, now shallow and silted in, was an oxbow lake on the Ocmulgee River.

History

The banks of the river were inhabited by the Mississippian culture between the 10th and 12th centuries. The river passes the remnants of several prehistoric Native American villages at Ocmulgee National Monument in Macon. For this reason the Ocmulgee site is also referred to as the "Macon Plateau". It was established around 950 CE by a population that most likely migrated from the Tennessee River Valley based on pottery evidence. The inhabitants established a chiefdom, which was common for the Mississippian area. The site is home to eight, distantly-spaced, large platform mounds and an earth lodge. Within the lodge there were forty-seven seats that formed a bench around the perimeter of the room. Opposing this bench was a three seated bench in the shape of an eagle effigy that would most likely seat the chiefdom leaders. In 1150 CE, the site was abandoned until 1540. In 1540 Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto traversed the region and baptized Native American converts in the river. This expedition devastated much of the area and left a trail of disease as well.[citation needed] In the 18th century, the Hitchiti, later part of the Creek Indian confederation, lived near present-day Macon in Ocmulgee Fields. The name of the river probably comes from a Hitchiti words oki, "water", plus molki, "bubbling" or "boiling".[1]

In 1806, the U.S. acquired the area between the Oconee and Ocmulgee from the Creek Indians by the First Treaty of Washington. That same year United States Army established Fort Benjamin Hawkins overlooking the Ocmulgee Fields. In 1819 the Creek Indians held their last meeting at Ocmulgee Fields. In the same year, the McCall brother established a barge-building operation at Macon. The first steamboat arrived on the river in 1829. During the 19th century, the river provided the principal water navigation route for Macon, allowing the development of the cotton industry in the surrounding region. In 1842 the river was connected by railroad to Savannah. The river froze from bank to bank in 1886. In 1994 devastating floods on the river after heavy rains caused widespread damage around Macon.[2]

Ocmulgee creeks

Major creeks that flow into the Ocmulgee River include:

  • Tucsawhatchee Creek
  • Echeconnee Creek
    • This tributary's name means "deer trap" in the Muscogee language, the language of the Creek indians. It refers to the steep incline of the creek where Creeks would trap deer, luring them into steep areas and then charging them.
  • Alligator Creek
  • Big Indian Creek
  • Coley Creek
  • Big Horse Creek
  • Flat Creek
  • Folsom Creek
  • Horse Creek
  • Jordan Creek
  • Limestone Creek
  • Little Ocmulgee River (Gum Swamp Creek)
  • Little Shellstone Creek
  • Little Sturgeon Creek
  • Mossy Creek
  • Otter Creek
  • Richland Creek
  • Sandy Run Creek
  • Savage Creek
  • Shellstone Creek
  • South Shellstone Creek
  • Sturgeon Creek
  • Sugar Creek
  • Ten Mile Creek

See also

References

  • Snow, Dean (2010). Archaeology of Native North America. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. pp. 208–209. ISBN 978-0-13-615686-4. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ocmulgee River — Übersichtskarte des Ocmulgee Flusssystems (hervorgehoben) Daten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ocmulgee River — Ocmulgee Ocmulgee Caractéristiques Longueur 410 km Bassin  ? Bassin collecteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ocmulgee National Monument — IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape) Great Temple Mound …   Wikipedia

  • Ocmulgee National Monument — Eingang zur rekonstruierten Earth Lodge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ocmulgee — 31° 57′ 33″ N 82° 32′ 37″ W / 31.9592, 82.5436 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ocmulgee National Monument — Monument national Ocmulgee Monument national Ocmulgee Catégorie UICN V (paysage terrestre/marin protégé) Identifiant 225 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ocmulgee marstonia — Taxobox name = Ocmulgee marstonia status = EN | status system = IUCN2.3 regnum = Animalia phylum = Mollusca classis = Gastropoda ordo = Sorbeoconcha familia = Hydrobiidae genus = Pyrgulopsis species = P. agarhecta binomial = Pyrgulopsis agarhecta …   Wikipedia

  • Ocmulgee — Oc·mul·gee (ōk mŭlʹgē) A river, about 410 km (255 mi) long, of Georgia rising near Atlanta and flowing southeast to join the Oconee River and form the Altamaha River. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ocmulgee — geographical name river 255 miles (410 kilometers) central Georgia flowing SE to join the Oconee (250 miles or 402 kilometers) forming the Altamaha …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Altamaha River — Einzugsgebiet des Altamaha Rivers mit den beiden Hauptzuflüssen Ocmulgee River und Oconee River …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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