- Aldermen's Wars
The Alderman's Wars is a term used to describe the series of murders and violent rioting between warring Alderman Johnny "de Pow" Powers and
Anthony D'Andreafrom 1916 until 1921. Over a period of five years, over 30 deaths were reported during the struggle for control over the "Bloody" 19th Ward of Chicago's Little Italy.
Johnny Powers, a local saloonkeeper and longtime political boss of the predominantly Irish 19th Ward, had been in power since the 1890s and, despite the large influx of Italian immigrants over the decades, Power's managed to retain power among the area despite his reputation for corruption and offering political protection to criminal elements in Chicago's underworld.
However, Powers was faced with a challenge when Anthony D'Andrea ran against junior alderman and Powers associate
James Bowlerin 1916. D'Andrea, although a defrocked priest and convicted counterfeiter, was a popular leader within the Italian-American community as a prominent member of several Italian-American fraternal organizations and as a labor union official. As reported by the " Chicago Tribune", "Anthony Andrea is the name of Antonio D'Andrea, unfrocked priest, linguist, and former power in the old 'red light' district, who in 1903 was released from the penitentiary after serving 13 months on a counterfeiting charge. Dander’s name has also been connected with a gang of Italian forgers and bank thieves who operated at one time all over the country."
The first murder to occur took place in February 1916 when
Frank Lombardi, a Powers associate and ward heeler, was shot and killed in a saloon by 17-year-old Samuzzo Amatuna. As both sides employing "election sluggers" in attempt to influence voting, violence increased as supporters from both sides would be killed in continuous fighting throughout the year. A grim practice used during the fighting were the names of future victims which would be carved into a poplar treeon the corner Loomis Street, later becoming known as "Dead Man's Tree".
Despite D'Andrea's defeat that year, as he would in 1919, his campaign against Powers continued as violence reached its height during the 1921 campaign as murder and bombing, including the home of Powers, became common place. The bombing of a political rally for D'Andrea would injure five people as well as those against D'Andrea's campaign headquarters and the home of one of his lieutenants.
In March 1921, court clerk and Powers supporter
Paul Labriolawas gunned down at the intersection of Halstead and Congress Streetby four D'Andrea gunmen as he walked to work (Labriola had been recently listed on "Dead Man's Tree"). Later that day, the same gunmen shot and killed cigar store owner Harry Raimondi, a former D'Andrea associate who had recently defected to the Powers faction.
Powers spokesman, Alderman James Bowler, issued a public statement denouncing the violence of the D'Andrea faction.
:"Conditions in the 19th Ward are terrible. Gunmen are patrolling the streets. I have received threats that I was to be "bumped off" or kidnapped. Alderman Powers' house is guarded day and night. Our men have been met, threatened and slugged. Gunmen and cutthroats have been imported from New York and Buffalo for their campaign of intimidation. Owners of halls have been threatened with death or destruction of their buildings if they rent their places to us. It is worse than the Middle Ages."
Despite announcing his retirement from politics after his third and final defeat in 1921, violence continued as, on
May 11, D'Andrea was killed outside his apartment building shortly after receiving a death threat the previous month. Two more deaths would follow as Andrew Orlandoand Joseph Sinacola, both of whom were Sicilian "blood brothers" to D'Andrea, were killed in July and August respectively after swearing to avenge the death of D'Andrea.
*Sifakis, Carl. "The Encyclopedia of American Crime". New York: Facts on File Inc., 2005. ISBN 0-8160-4040-0
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