Judicial vicar


Judicial vicar

In the Roman Catholic Church, a judicial vicar is an officer of the diocese who has ordinary power to judge cases in the diocesan ecclesiastical court. Although the diocesan bishop can reserve certain cases to himself, the judicial vicar and the diocesan bishop are a single tribunal, which means that decisions of the judicial vicar cannot be appealed to the diocesan bishop but must instead be appealed to the appellate tribunal. The judicial vicar (or “officialis”) ought to be someone other than the vicar general, unless the smallness of the diocese or the limited number of cases suggest otherwise (canon 1420 §1). Other judges assist the judicial vicar either by deciding cases on a single judge basis or by forming with him a panel over which he or one of them presides. A judicial vicar may also be assisted by adjutant judicial vicars (or “vice-officiales”).

Judicial vicars, adjutants, and other judges who preside in cases must be priests of good repute, must be at least thirty years old, and must hold a doctorate or licentiate in canon law (canon 1420 §4).

Judicial vicars are to serve for a specific term of office (canon 1422) and, unlike vicars general and episcopal vicars, do not cease from office when the diocese is without a bishop (canon 1420 §5), either through the bishop’s death, resignation (having been accepted by the Roman Pontiff), transfer, or privation of office (having been made known to the bishop).


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vicar — In the broadest sense, a vicar (from the Latin vicarius ) is a representative, anyone acting in the person of or for a superior (compare vicarious in the sense of at second hand ). In this sense, the title is comparable to lieutenant , literally… …   Wikipedia

  • Vicar general — A vicar general (often abbreviated VG) is the principal deputy of the bishop of a diocese for the exercise of administrative authority. As vicar of the bishop, the vicar general exercises the bishop s ordinary executive power over the entire… …   Wikipedia

  • Vícar — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vicar-General — • The highest official of a diocese after the ordinary Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Vicar General     Vicar General     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Vicar Capitular — • The administrator of a vacant diocese, elected by a cathedral chapter Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Vicar Capitular     Vicar Capitular      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • vicar-general — vicar generalship, n. /vik euhr jen euhr euhl/, n., pl. vicars general. 1. Rom. Cath. Ch. a priest deputized by a bishop to assist him in the administration of a diocese. 2. Ch. of Eng. an ecclesiastical officer, usually a layperson, who assists… …   Universalium

  • Cardinal Vicar — ( it. Cardinale Vicario) is a title commonly given to the vicar general of the diocese of Rome for the portion of the diocese within Italy. The official title, as given in the Annuario Pontificio (under the heading Vicariate of Rome ), is Vicar… …   Wikipedia

  • Cardinal Vicar — • The vicar general of the pope, as Bishop of Rome, for the spiritual administration of the city, and its surrounding district, properly known as Vicarius Urbis Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cardinal Vicar     Cardinal V …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Pasig — Diocese of Pasig Dioecesis Pasiginae Diyosesis ng Pasig Location …   Wikipedia

  • Catholic Church hierarchy — The term Hierarchy in the Catholic Church has a variety of related usages. Literally, holy government , the term is employed in different instances. There is a Hierarchy of Truths,[1] which refers to the levels of solemnity of the official… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.