Connor (Angel)


Connor (Angel)
Connor
Angel character

Connor's looks are noted to be handsome yet androgynous.
First appearance "Lullaby"
Created by Joss Whedon, Tim Minear
Portrayed by Vincent Kartheiser
Information
Affiliation Angel Investigations
Notable powers Supernatural strength, speed, endurance and acute sensory perception

Connor (aka Connor Angel, Connor Reilly and Steven Franklin Thomas Holtz) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and Tim Minear for the television series Angel. The character is portrayed as an infant by the triplets Connor, Jake and Trenton Tupen and as a teenager by Vincent Kartheiser. Connor has a recurring role in season three, becomes a regular in season four, and has his last television appearance in the series finale as a guest star. He continues his story in the canonical comic book series, Angel: After the Fall.

Within the series, Connor is the prophesied son of the titular character Angel and his lover Darla, both of whom are vampires. From his parents, Connor inherits many vampire-like powers, yet none of their weaknesses. Introduced in the third season as a newborn, Connor is kidnapped by Daniel Holtz and taken to Hell in an act of revenge against his father. He returns as a teenager who's been raised to hate Angel. Conner's consequent estranged relationship with his father, search for a home in the world and increasing mental instability makes the storyline for his character. During the series Connor tries several times to kill Angel, forms an inappropriate relationship with Cordelia Chase and continuously shift alliances between antagonists and protagonists unable to decide where he belongs. The end of season four sees his memories rewritten to give him a normal life. The next time he's seen in season five, Connor is a well-adjusted person; and at the return of his memories finally reconciles with Angel in the series finale. The comic book series follows Connor accepting his supernatural abilities and role of a hero.

Created to give Angel an "emotional" connection, the infant character is used to develop other characters. After he grows up, the character initially becomes a "tragic figure" and "foil" for the protagonists and eventually evolves to a protagonist himself. Connor has received attention in academic texts related to family studies and Incest within fiction; and also appears in apocryphal Angel material such as comic books and novels.

Contents

Appearances

Television

Season Three

In an event which was thought impossible, two vampires Angel and Darla reproduced, the end result being Connor, a human with superhuman abilities. He is introduced in episode "Lullaby" when Darla sacrifices herself to give birth to him. [1] For the first few months of his life, Connor is jointly raised by Angel and his team consisting of: Wesley, Gunn, Fred, Lorne and Cordelia. Conner is prophesied to destroy the time-shifting demon lord Sahjhan. In attempt to negate the prophecy, he time travels and rewrites the prophecy to read "The father will kill the son" in reference to Angel and Connor. Wesley kidnaps the baby in a misguided effort to save his life from Angel, conveniently leading him into the hands of Daniel Holtz whose family Angel killed centuries ago. Holtz inturn steals the baby and is forced to escape to the hell dimension 'Quor'Toth: Darkest of the dark worlds'. [2]

Holtz raises Connor as his son and instills a deep hatred of Angel within him. Time runs more quickly in Quor'Toth, so Connor ages at an accelerated rate in relation to time on Earth. Surviving the Hell, a teenaged Connor returns to Earth with the goal to kill Angel. However, after failing in his first attempt on Angel's life tentatively begins to reconcile with him. [3] Fearful of the development, Holtz has himself killed by Justine Cooper in a manner that frames Angel for the action. [4] In the finale "Tomorrow", an enraged Connor in revenge sinks Angel to the bottom of the ocean to eternally suffer from hunger and isolation. [5]

Season Four

The opening episode "Deep Down" picks up three months after last season. Angel returns and Holtz deception comes out in light, but relations are shaky as Angel kicks Connor out of the house in punishment for sinking him, [6] yet unknownst to him keeps an eye on him from afar. [7] [8] Stricken by the betrayal of his adoptive father and abandoned by his real one, Connor seeks solace in arms of the only person willing to be with him: Cordelia Chase. [9] When an all-powerful demon lord The Beast rises from the ground at the place he was born, Connor feels responsible. As The Beast makes fire rain from the sky in an apparent apocalypse, Cordelia sleeps with Connor to give him some happiness before the end. Apocalypse doesn't occur but Angel also in love with Cordelia doesn't take kindly to the development, causing another rift between him & Connor. [10] Unbeknownst to all, Cordelia is possessed to be with Connor by a cosmic entity 'Jasmine' looking to give herself birth in this world through their union. As Cordelia becomes pregnant and manipulates Connor into helping her sacrifice an innocent girl for their child, his inhuman actions begins conflicting with his inner good; accelerating his already deteriorating mental endurance. [11]

Jasmine arrives as a grown women and immediately enthralls everyone to bask in immense peace and joy. [12] Connor is the only one left unaffected in his misery due to sharing blood link with her resulting in further isolation. As Jasmine enacts her plans for world domination, Angel & his team manages to break free from her thrall. [13] Caught inbetween his father, daughter and lover, Connor initially supports Jasmine against Angel, [14] but this conflict, combined with the believe that neither truly cares about him eventually causes him to completely snap. When Jasmine's hold over the city is broken by Angel but he is unable to kill her, Connor kills her himself. [15] Now an emotional wreck, he attempts to suicide by wiring himself and a shop full of innocents to explosives. Desperate to save his son, the season finale "Home" sees Angel agreeing to take over the Los Angeles branch of Wolfram & Hart in exchange for Connor's life. As per the agreement, Connor is to have a whole new existence as an ordinary boy raised in a happy family. Other than Angel, everyone's memories are rewritten to accommodate this new reality. [16]

Season Five

Few months after the events of last season, episode "Origin" sees Connor as the son of Laurence and Colleen Reilly. He crosses path with Angel when a demon warlock Cyvus Vail, draws him out to make him fulfill his destiny of killing Sahjhan. Angel informs Connor of his special abilities and helps prepare him for the fight, but leaves out the fact that he is his father. As the duel with Sahjhan begins, Connor is outmatched due to having forgotten his formidable fighting skills. Meanwhile, Wesley discovers Angel's deception of altering reality and no longer trusting him shatters Orlon Window, the magical artifact holding the memories of Connor's original existence, which restores Connor's memories along with Wesley's and Illyria's. Remembering himself, Connor slips to his original persona of 'demon-killer' and dispatches Sahjhan with ease. [17]

In "Not Fade Away" the finale of the series, Angel visits Connor for coffee on the eve of his final battle with the Circle of the Black Thorn. Connor reveals that he now remembers Angel is his father and is grateful for all he has done for him, but prefers to leave it at that. When Angel fights Marcus Hamilton, Connor shows up to fight by his father's side, saving Angel from being staked by Hamilton and helping him gain the upper hand. As the Senior Partners begin to exact their vengeance, Angel tells Connor to go home to his foster parents assuring him that as long as Connor is safe, the Partners can never destroy Angel. [18]

Literature

Angel: After the Fall

In the 13th issue of comic book After the Fall, Connor mourns a dying Angel.

The comic series Angel: After the Fall, picks up immediately after the events of television series. As Connor sprints home as ordered by Angel, he debates going back before invariably drawn into the battle as the whole city is sent to Hell by Senior Partners. [19] A veteran of Hell already, he takes it on himself to provide humans and good demons sanctuary. Along to help him are the benevolent werewolf Nina Ash, the mutant Gwen Raiden [20] and the vampire Spike.[21] Connor also becomes much closer to his father as he joins Angel's newest battle to wrestle back control of the city from Demon Lords. [22] Part of his story surrounds a romance between him and Gwen, but this ends when he discovers Gwen has betrayed the team. [23]

Following the event, Gunn causes Illyria to revert to her demonic form, and she decides to wholly collapse time - and with it all existence. In an attempt to prevent Angel and his team from stopping Illyria, Gunn mortally wounds Connor. Connor pleads with Angel not to let the Senior Partners win and assures his father that he is a good person whether or not he is a vampire and dies in Angel's arms. [24] He is restored to life when Angel provokes Gunn into killing him, forcing the Senior Partners to turn back time to the moment of the original alleyway fight in the television finale, thus restoring all those who have died since Los Angeles was sent to Hell, but with all their memories of the intervening time intact. [25]

Spike: After the Fall

Spike: After the Fall, a companion piece to Angel: After the Fall, shows how Connor came about to form his alliance with Spike shortly after Los Angelus went to hell. Connor appears when Spike and Illyria are in a violent showdown with a group of demonic women. Catching the demonic leader off-guard, he rescues the last human hostage and then has to be rescued by Spike. [26] On their second encounter, the two strikes up a connection immediately leading to their joint crusade of saving the remaining humans. [27]

Future Appearances

Connor is set to appear in the future arcs of Angel and Faith, not necessarily as a regular. [28] Report also imply his appearance in Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Nine. [29]

Characterization

Creation and Casting

Joss, David & I were [..] talking about what could season 3 be, we didn't have any ideas [..] Joss said we can't bring Darla back in a box again [..] and I said why can't we bring something back in Darla's box, as a joke. Joss stopped walking, turned and looked at me and said 'actually we can.' And that's when we came up with the idea that when Angel sort of queasy forced himself on Darla at the end of 'Reprise' a baby has begin seed.

 -Tim Minear on Connor's conception.[30]

The intent for Conner's character was to put "Angel in an emotional space."[31] He was meant to give Angel more to live for than just the usual "day to day" living he was experiencing. "Plus, I just love the idea of this embarrassing effect of a one-night stand” Joss Whedon explained in his decision to introduce Angel’s son [31] The character was given the Irish name Connor, meaning ‘counselor’ or 'helping warrior', to match Angel's Irish ancestry. [32] Three different babies, Connor, Jake and Trenton Tupen, who are triplets were chosen to portray Connor, so that neither of them has to remain on the set for very long. [32] Baby Connor was one of the main focuses of season three, but the creators were well aware of the limitations of a baby character. So with Connor’s initial role in plot decided upon, they came up with the concept of 'teenage' version for further appearances. [33] [31]

23 years old Vincent Kartheiser, at that time was looking for something stable to work on from usual feature movies. He was send the role by his agent, along with tapes of all previous seasons and decided to audition. [34] The producers wanted the character to be a surprise to audience, so not even Kartheiser was informed that he was trying out for Angel's son. Instead he auditioned for a character created solely for the purpose of audition, ‘the Street Kid’, a normal teenager who has Angel as his guardian. And "right away everyone kind of had a good feeling about me joining the cast" Vincent said. "It seemed that I just fit right in." [35] Once finalized to play, he was told his real role 'Angel's son, a demon killer from Quor'toth’ and was excited,[36] but confused about his portrayal thinking that the character's to have a "living-in-the-brush kind of ‘failed being’ attitude"; until he was corrected to just "stand up straight, normal voice" and let a regular character come on. Vincent Kartheiser was originally contracted for three episodes at the end of season three, with an option to pick him up further. [34]

Connor, despite being the son of two ‘vampires’ is meant to be ‘human’, with otherwise super powers. Due to this, he wasn’t given the vampire makeup of the series. Kartheiser expressed his simultaneous joy and dismay at this, considering makeup an added benefit for the character and agreeing that the lack of it saved him much time. [36] Nicknamed 'The Destroyer', the character's role of a formidable fighter required rigorous physical work from the actor. "I didn't know I had to be 'Jackie Chan' for the role" Kartheiser joked, [37] but acknowledged that it is great to play a "truly badass" character. [34] Initially clad in animal skin, and then in different pairs of jeans, t-shirts and jackets, the concept behind Connor’s wardrobe was that, unconcerned with this world’s fashion sense he 'just took whatever was available'. Yet, one interviewer notices his clothing to be "conservative [..] for somebody who's never seen an advert". Kartheiser was critical of his hair style as Connor calling it 'David Cassidy hair-do' and feeling it was a 'little bit heavy'. [36]

Development

Characteristic to Josh Whedon's characters, Connor goes through drastic changes with the series progression. Introduced as an 'impossible birth' at the start of season three, as an infant, the character still had little chance of his own development. So he became an agent for evolution of other characters; Darla through him, redeems herself of her villainous acts spanning over two television series, [38] and Wesley transform from a goofy sidekick to a brooding anti-hero.[33] Once these developments came in fruition, the creators choose to upgrade Connor to a teen. The mid of season three sees the infant kidnapped by Angel's long-term adversary Holtz and taken to a hell dimension. The creators took advantage of the fantasy genre of the show to accelerate his growth within a few weeks of show's normal timeline. Thus unaffecting the ages of the rest of the characters and setting up stage for the next act. [31] "In the dimension where he's been, time moves differently" explained David Greenwalt. "We didn't want to raise a baby for 18 years." [37]

He is also afraid of them [Angel and his team]. He’s not used to this world and he’s really not one of them. While they all have this relationship with each other, he’s very much away from that and very angry. He’s not willing to open up to this kind of group happiness that everyone else is so inclined to be apart of.

 -Vincent Kartheiser on the observation that Connor's volatile nature scares others.[34]

Connor returns towards the end of the season as an angry, volatile teenager who is vindictive towards Angel. Mere Smith elaborated "Holtz has brought up Connor to hate his father, his father is the devil as far as Holtz is concerned and he tells Connor that" [33] This development allowed the writers to explore, in Connor, a unique 'foil' to protagonists because he had been established to be "deep down" much like Angel himself. [39] [40] Tim Minear characterized Connor by his need for a family "because he's never had one" and "conflicted" personality triggered by his upbringing. As such much of the development Connor has in season three and four is his continuous shifting alliances between protagonists and antagonists unable to decide where he belongs or find his purpose for being. Another running theme through these seasons was his alienation of this world "All the worsts parts of our world kind of attacks him at the same time that gives him the idea that this is a hell dimension too." Vincent Kartheiser explained, further saying that he thinks Connor's constant conflict was because Angel and he didn't get time to deal with their issues leaving Connor vulnerable to manipulation against him by outside parties.[34]

We really wanted to highlight [..] that he is a tragic victim of circumstance. He never had a childhood, he's been lied to and manupilated and in this episode we find out his whole reason for being was to bring this other thing into this world, so he's been played his entire life. You really root for him to make the right decision in this one, but you know tragic figure he doesn't.

 - Steven S. DeKnight's commentary for Inside Out[41]

The season four also sees the writers exploring teenage sexually through him; in a small arc with a one-sided affection towards Faith, with whom Steven S. DeKnight compared him in their similarities of being misguided youth with superpowers; [41] and the overarching arc with his father's love Cordelia. Later on in the series, Connor's attraction to older women becomes something of a running gag. For the Connor-Cordelia-Angel plotline Jeffrey Bell talked about taking inspiration from Arthurian Legend's Mordred. [42] Whedon noted that while he already have decided that Cordelia and Connor were going to have sex, the story had to be significantly changed and move faster because Charisma Carpenter became pregnant.[43] The Cordelia plotline in addition gave writers opportunity to explain Connor's birth via Jasmine, a character brought in to replace Carpenter as final villain. Taking Jasmine as a base point the writers started connecting back the dots they've set up in previous seasons. In words of DeKnight "Its always been the big mystery of, how and why does Darla and Angel have a child, 'cause vampires are sterile. We find out this miracle birth was created kind of like a secret ingredient all planned out to sleep with Cordelia and create this superbeing."[42]

Regarding the resolution of the character at season four and dropping of Kartheiser from regular cast, Minear said that they had an idea at the conception of teenage Connor that he would only last a season as regular. But changed his original "violent, morbid" send-off to a relatively happy one, citing their likability of actor and character the reason; also because it was "nice to give someone a happy ending for once." [44] Kartheiser was very satisfied with his character's resolution, because the issue between Angel and Connor was finally confronted:

"That to me is the soul of the character. The name of the show is Angel so it all comes back to him. For Connor, everything stems from this place with Angel and Holtz, and when we got the opportunity for him to let that out, I think he came out of his tough shell and showed a little bit of his sensitivity. He showed that he was hurt by his father and that he was hurt by Holtz."[34]

The last scene of Angel watching Connor dine with his new family and slipping away quietly was Whedon's idea, derived from 1937's classic movie Stella Dallas, "I've given up my child. I see my child is happy, and does not know me, and I'm happy. That is the thing that made Stella Darlas the greatest, the thing that made this episode work." [45]

Despite Whedon claim that fourth season is a ‘final statement' for Connor,[45] the character makes a return for the fifth. Connor undergoes huge changes this season. He is a complete turn from the earlier 'angry, alienated, withdrawn' persona. He's a well adjusted, sweet, happy young man now, cue to his fake memories of a happy childhood. This season also sees a big development with the long-due reconciliation of father and son; Connor is able to accept and appreciate all Angel had done for him even after his memories return. Minear and Bell were open to and talked about the possibility of character's return to Kartheiser at the end of season four and he has assured them he will be available if the script was good. [46] Following his return, though, Kartheiser isn't sure if the character re-appearance wasn't only due to the necessity of tying up loose ends after the series cancellation was confirmed. [47]

Connor again returns for After the Fall. Series author Brian Lynch was initially confused as how to incorporate Connor into the story. It was Whedon who hit upon the arc that Connor would follow in the series "Connor's a young kid, he's got powers, he doesn't have any of the bad things, he's not a vampire, so maybe he would enjoy it, and maybe he would be the closest thing to a superhero hell has". So Connor goes onto "fully embracing his qualities and role of a hero" in this comic series.[48] Originally Lynch had planned for Angel’s former girlfriend Nina Ash to be more involved in his storyline, but with time it became clear to him that Connor's story is more about his relationship with Angel. So Nina fell to the wayside and Connor-Angel went on to become a much closer father-son unit. Connor also went from the character Lynch had the most trouble with to the character he enjoys writing most with series progression.[24]

Regarding Connor's upcoming role in Angel & Faith, Whedon joked about time traveling him to the early '60s and making him an ad executive, referencing Kartheiser 's recent role in the critically acclaimed television series Mad Men.[29] Author Christos Gage described the necessity of Connor's appearance with "otherwise Angel is just a deadbeat Dad!" [28]

Reception

Merchandising

Several pieces of merchandise, based on Angel television and comic series, featuring Connor have been released. These merchandise includes a few action figures, [49] but more prominently novels and spin-off comic books. Connor stars as a regular in After the Fall's spin-off Aftermath and one-shot Angel Yearbook. He is the title character of Connor: Spotlight. Continuing his appearances in other media, Connor stars in novels Dark Mirror, [50] Love and Death, [51] and Monolith. [52] These appearances, though a part of official merchandise, are not considered canon.

Reviews and Analysis

Vincent Kartheiser received repeated compliments for his professionalism and ability to bring much to his character by the shows cast and crew [39][40] "You can bet the family fortune on this kid, he can really do it," stated director Vern Gillum.[53] Writer Tim Minear, described Vincent, one of the main reasons of their avoidance of giving the character a ghastly send-off as planned before, “We’ve all grown so fond of the character and the actor that we didn’t want do that.” [44] Although fans and critics reception to Vincent’s portrayal of the disturbed teen was also very positive,[54][55][56][57] the character himself and his storylines, turned out to be controversial.

His story arc with 'Cordelia' particularly evoked attention. This sexual relation with his surrogate mother, coupled with his struggles to kill his father, led to speculations that mythical Greek figure Oedipus, was the inspiration for the character. [58][59][60] [61] and references to Arthurian Legend were also made.[62] Most responses to this couple were negative. Columnist Amy Berner declared them a "finalist in the Most Disturbing Couple In Television History“.[58] Writer Jennifer Crusie complained that this plotline led to the destruction of Cordelia's character. [63] Charisma Carpenter herself, despite previously noted to have fun portraying the role, [64] became critical of the storyline overtime declaring her character’s seduction of a teenage boy creepy. [65] Yet, few gave a positive response. Reviewer Liz Gasto described the Angel-Cordelia-Connor triangle one of the plus points of fourth season saying “This is when Angel is at its best—when the focus is on the people and their emotions, and the monsters are secondary.” [66] Underland.com praised the plotline as a "very King Arthur like tale of love and betrayal." [62] Another group was neutral towards the development. Writer Jes Battis in his book Blood Relations: Chosen Families in Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, simply observed that the relationship completes the already present “circuit of erotic incest within Buffy and Angel”.[59]. Author Jean Lorrah in her academic essay "A World Without Love: The Failure of Family in Angel" agreed with previous statement, further noting that Connor himself is the product of a relationship having incestuous tones ”Angel is seduced by Darla, formerly his sire (mother), now his granddaughter [..] Connor’s life, unbeknownst to either parent, has begun.” [60] Erin B. Waggoner's book "Sexual rhetoric in the works of Joss Whedon" remarked:

"The Oedipal issues of the show are of interest as well. They impact, ofcourse on the construction of both muscularity and sexuality. Connor is not the only one who must kill or attempt to kill the fathers either literally or symbolically to shore up his own sexuality: Angel, Wes, Spike and even Fred (through Gunn) kill father or father figures inorder to come into their own as individuals." [61]

Connor’s main storyline, his relationship with his father, received mixed to positive reviews. Reviewer Ben, expressed a dislike for the initial episodes with baby Connor because Angel wasted time “baby-talking”, but loved the development with teenage Connor “The [third] season ends with a great storyline as Connor returns [..] and betrays Angel.” [67] Jes Battis, praised the father/son dynamics to be “highly dramatic and (engagingly perverse)”. [59] Journalist Sarah D. Bunting was a little critical, calling Connor "a frustrating character" she wrote that while his ”twitchy, PTSD-ish" interactions sounds genuine, they become old too quick because of lack of real development in Angel and Connor's relationship in most of season four. [68] Kartheiser himself expressed a similar concern "There were parts of the season I didn’t have the opportunity to stretch, that it felt like I was doing the same scene over and over. [But] Towards the end of the season I was really happy about the chances I was getting." [34] This last statement is echoed in Jamie Pool's review, who called the “ending” to Connor "emotionally satisfying", despite noting him to not have been particularly endearing through most of the rest of the season. [55] S.Wiebe, however, described Connor’s overall characterization "sharp" with "really intriguing sub-textual material’ and among the saving graces of the season. [69] Strega of Television Without Pity, also praised the character and his psychology, "The thing I like most is that they've not only created a teenager who doesn't just feel like he's the most alienated person in the world -- he actually is,"[70] and " I love how unloved Connor [thinks he] is…” [71] Jean Lorrah, described the whole arc from the "beginnings of character’s conception till the annulment of Connor’s history as the doomed child of two vampires, one of the most ambitious story arcs any television show has ever attempted.“ [60] Tara DiLullo summed all the varying opinions as follows:

"Vincent Kartheiser [Connor] had a challenging year playing Angel’s errant son, to say the least. While audiences may have hoped for a reconciliation between the two, it was never meant to be. Connor instead started and remained [..] as petulant and unsympathetic as many teens are in real life. [His pairing with] Cordelia completely fouled just about everyone and made him the whipping boy for fan ire. But he [Vincent] earns serious kudos for his amazing last inning transformation of Connor from brat to tragic figure worthy of pity and understanding in Peace Out and Home. That Vincent was able to redeem Connor in such a short time is a true feat in itself and it was singularly responsible for making the finale as heartbreaking and haunting as it ended up being." [56]

Revamped Connor’s few appearances in Season Five were generally praised. Phoenix from cityofangel.com, declared his return “triumphant”, saying that this “shy, sweet, happy young man” is the kid Angel always wanted and “for the audience, a version of the character finally worth liking and supporting.” [72] Roz Kaveney in his essay "A Sense of the Ending: Schrödinger's Angel" praised the new Connor as a “heroic youth”. [73] Writer Brian Lynch admitted that he didn't love season four's Connor, but "really liked him" in season five "when he came back and he was well adjusted." [48]

Connor's name is often mentioned with Buffy the Vampire Slayer's, Dawn, younger sister to Buffy similarly created to give a strong emotional connection to the titular character. Four years after the cancellation of the show, IGN included 'Connor' alongwith 'Dawn’ in their list of classic TV cliché of ‘Adding a Kid’ as a last ditch effort to save a dying show. However they refused to comment if his addition was a good or bad choice in order to avoid swamping themselves from irate fans of either side. [74] David Hofstede in his book What Were They Thinking? openly criticized Connor and Dawn’s addition, appointing them number No.98 in his list of "100 Dumbest Events in Television History".[75]

Connor's appearance as a regular in After the Fall, was initially met with dismay by some fans. IDW representative Chris Ryall, responded to these complaints with optimism assuring the fans that they will be “won over” by the character, just the way he has been, by the time the series will end. [21] True to his words, After The Fall’s, Connor was received much positively. Brian Lynch confirmed this in an interview, stating that Connor has not only been the most pleasantly surprising character for him to write, he has been the most surprising for the fans as well, ”Connor was a great character on the TV show but, I don’t think he was ever a favorite. But he’s slowly but surely become one of the most popular characters in After The Fall, which is wonderful.” [24] Further saying that he himself like the character so much now, he wants to do a book called 'Son of Angel' based on him.[48]

References

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  2. ^ " Sleep Tight". Terrence O'Hara (director), David Greenwalt (writer). Angel. The WB. 2002-03-04. No. 16, season 3.
  3. ^ "A New World". Tim Minear (director), Jeffrey Bell {writer). Angel. The WB. 2002-05-06. No. 20, season 3.
  4. ^ " Benediction". Tim Minear (director), Tim Minear {writer). Angel. The WB. 2002-05-13. No. 21, season 3.
  5. ^ " Tomorrow". David Greenwalt (director), David Greenwalt {writer). Angel. The WB. 2002-05-20. No. 22, season 3.
  6. ^ "Deep Down". Terrence O'Hara (director), Steven S. DeKnight {writer). Angel. The WB. 2002-10-06. No. 1, season 4.
  7. ^ " Ground State". Michael Grossman (director), Mere Smith {writer). Angel. The WB. 2002-10-13. No. 2, season 4.
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  10. ^ "Apocalypse, Nowish". Vern Gillum (director), Steven S. DeKnight {writer). Angel. The WB. 2002-11-12. No. 7, season 4.
  11. ^ "Inside Out". Steven S. DeKnight (director), Steven S. DeKnight {writer). Angel. The WB. 2003-04-02. No. 17, season 4.
  12. ^ "Shiny Happy People". Marita Grabiak (director), Sarah Fain, Elizabeth Craft {writer). Angel. The WB. 2003-04-09. No. 18, season 4.
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  24. ^ a b c Brian Lynch (w), Franco Urru (a). Angel: After the Fall v4, 16 (2008-12-17), IDW Publishing
  25. ^ Brian Lynch (w), Franco Urru (a). Angel: After the Fall v4, 17 (2009-01-21), IDW Publishing
  26. ^ Brian Lynch (w), Franco Urru (a). Spike: After the Fall 3 (2008-09-17), IDW Publishing
  27. ^ Brian Lynch (w), Franco Urru (a). Angel: After the Fall 4 (2008-10-29), IDW Publishing
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