List of Norwegian monarchs


List of Norwegian monarchs
Coronation of Charles III John in Nidaros Cathedral 1818

Members of Norwegian, Swedish, and Danish royal families have been Norwegian monarchs. Norwegian territories were not united until about 860 and were ruled by jarls. Harald Fairhair united the territories about 860, creating the Kingdom of Norway and founding the Fairhair dynasty.[1]

Norway was under the control of Danish monarchs from 1380 until 1814.[2] During this time, several political entities were created which included both Norway and Denmark. Margaret I of Denmark created the Union of Kalmar in 1397, merging the kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. In 1481, after the death of Christian I, Sweden abandoned the Union and a two-year interregnum in Norway resulted. Many Norwegians wished to remain in union with Denmark; others preferred to join with Sweden.[3] In 1536, after the Swedish secession, the Kingdom of Denmark–Norway was formed; it included the dependencies of Iceland, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands and lasted until 1814. In that year, Norway briefly regained independence but, after several months, was forced into union with Sweden.[4] Since 1905, Norway has been a constitutional monarchy ruled by a cadet line of the Danish House of Glücksburg.[2]

Early regnal dates are traditional and of uncertain accuracy. Before the Norwegian Law of Succession was introduced in 1163, inheritance of the throne was an affair filled with deep conflicts; in many cases, brothers would initially share it. Early Viking kings are listed using the name common in historic sources, with the Old Norwegian name in parentheses.

Contents

Key

P Period of rulership
 I  Independent period
 D  Union with Denmark
 S  Union with Sweden
 DS  Union with Denmark and Sweden
 R  Interregnum

Rulers of Norway

Fairhair dynasty

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
I Harald I Fairhair
(Haraldr hárfagri)
872–930
Harald Haarfager1c.jpg c. 850s
son of Halfdan the Black and Ragnhild Sigurdsdotter
various c. 930s
Rogaland
aged 80
[5][6][7]
I Eric Bloodaxe
(Eiríkr blóðøx)
931–933
(deposed)
Eric Bloodaxe Norse king of York 952 954.jpg c. 895
son of Harald I and Ragnhild Eriksdotter
Gunnhild Gormsdóttir
c. 922
eight children
c. 954
aged 59
[5][8][9]
I Haakon I the Good
(Hákon Aðalsteinsfóstri)
934–961
Peter Nicolai Arbo-Haakon den gode.jpg c. 920
Håkonshella
son of Harald I and Thora Mosterstong
never married c. 961
Håkonshella
aged 40–41
[5][10][11]
I Harald II Greycloak
(Haraldr gráfeldr)
961–970
(murdered)
c. 930s
son of Eric Bloodaxe and Gunnhild Gormsdóttir
never married c. 970
Hals, Denmark
aged 40
[5][12][13]

House of Gorm

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
D Harald Bluetooth
(Harald Blåtand)
970–985/86 (de jure)
with Haakon Sigurdsson (regent)
Harald Blaatand.jpg c. 925/35
son of Gorm the Old and Thyra
Gyrid of Sweden
by 950
four or six children
Tove of the Obotrites
c. 970
no issues
1 November 985/86
Jomsborg
aged about 50-60
[7][14][15][16]
D Sweyn I Forkbeard
(Svend Tveskæg)
986–995 (de jure)
with Haakon Sigurdsson (regent)
Sweyn Forkbeard.jpg c. 960
son of Harald Bluetooth and Gyrid of Sweden
(1 & 2) Gunhild of Wenden or Sigrid the Haughty
eight or more children
3 February 1014
Gainsborough, Lincolnshire
aged 53–54
[14][17][18][19]
 R  jarl Haakon Sigurdsson
(Hákon Sigurðsson)
975–995 (de facto)
(murdered)
Håkon jarl.jpg winter of 937
Trondheim
son of Sigurd Haakonsson, Jarl of Lade and Bergljot Toresdatter
Thora Skagesdatter & others?
nine children total
February 995
Rimul
aged 57–58
[20][21][22]

Fairhair dynasty

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
I Olaf I Tryggvason
(Óláfr Tryggvason)
995–1000
(defeated)
Peter nicolai arbo, olaf tryggvasson king.jpg c. 960s
son of Tryggve Olafsson and Astrid Eiriksdottir
(1) Geira
c. 982
(2) Gyda of Dublin
c. 988
(3) Gudrun Skeggesdatter
c. 995
(4) Tyra of Denmark
c. 998
c. 1000
Svolder
aged 40
[5][23][24]

House of Gorm

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
D Sweyn I Forkbeard
(Svend Tveskæg)
1000–1014
with Eiríkr Hákonarson (regent), Sveinn Hákonarson (regent), & Håkon Eiriksson (regent)
Sweyn Forkbeard.jpg c. 960
son of Harald Bluetooth and Gyrid of Sweden
(1 & 2) Gunhild of Wenden or Sigrid the Haughty
eight or more children
3 February 1014
Gainsborough, Lincolnshire
aged 53–54
[14][17][18][19]

Fairhair dynasty

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
I Saint Olaf II
(Óláfr Haraldsson)
1015–1028
(exiled)
Olof Overselo.jpg c. 995
Ringerike
son of Harald Grenske and Åsta Gudbrandsdatter
Astrid Olofsdotter
February 1019
one daughter
29 July 1030
Stiklestad
aged 44–45
[5][25][26]

House of Gorm

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
D Cnut the Great
(Knud den Store)
1028–1035
with Håkon Eiriksson (regent)
later Sweyn II Alfífuson (junior king)
Cnut.jpg c. 985/95
younger son of Sweyn I Forkbeard and Gunhild or Sigrid
(1) Ælfgifu of Northampton
two children
(2) Emma of Normandy
2/31 July1017
two children
12 November 1035
Shaftesbury
aged about 40-50
[14][27][28][29]
D Sweyn II Knutsson
(Sveinn Knútsson)
1030–1035
with Cnut (senior king) and Queen Ælfgifu (regent)
(deposed)
c. 1016
eldest son of Cnut and Ælfgifu of Northampton
never married c. 1035
aged 19
[14][30][31]

Fairhair dynasty

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
I Magnus I the Good
(Magnus den gode)
1035–1047
Magnus-den-gode.jpg April/June 1024
illegitimate son of Olaf II and Alfhild
never married 25 October 1047
Zealand
aged 23
[5][32][33]
I Harald III Hardrada
(Haraldr Harðráði)
1047–1066
Harald III of Norway.jpg c. 1015
youngest son of Sigurd Syr and Åsta Gudbrandsdatter
(1) Elisiv of Kiev
c. 1044
two daughters
(2) Tora Torbergsdatter
c. 1048 (bigamously)
two sons
25 September 1066
Stamford Bridge, England
aged 50–51
[5][34][35]
I Magnus II Haraldsson
(Magnús Haraldsson)
1066–1069
with Olaf III
Harald Hardraades saga-Harald og Svein Sjaelland.jpg c. 1048
eldest son of Harald III and Tora Torbergsdatter
never married 28 April 1069
Nidaros
aged 20–21
[5][36][37]
I Olaf III the Quiet
(Óláfr inn kyrri)
1067–1093
with Magnus II (1066–1069)
Olav Kyrres saga-Tittelfrise-G. Munthe.jpg c. 1050
youngest son of Harald III and Tora Torbergsdatter
Ingerid of Denmark
c. 1067
no issues
22 September 1093
Håkeby, Sweden
aged 42–43
[5][38][39]
I Haakon (II) Magnusson Toresfostre
(Håkon Magnusson Toresfostre)
1093–1094
with Magnus III
c. 1068
illegitimate son of Magnus II
never married c. 1094
Dovrefjell
aged 25–26
[5][40][41]
I Magnus III Barefoot
(Magnús Berfœttr)
1093–1103
with Haakon Magnusson (1093–1094)
Magnus Berrfoetts saga-Tittelfrise-G. Munthe.jpg c. 1073
illegitimate son of Olaf III and Thora
Margaret Fredkulla
c. 1101
no issues
24 August 1103
Ulster
aged 29–30
[5][42][43]
I Olaf (IV) Magnusson
(Ólafr Magnússon)
1103–1115
with Eystein I
and Sigurd I
c. 1099
illegitimate son of Magnus III and Sigrid Saxesdatter
never married 22 December 1115
Nidaros
aged 15–16
[5][44][45]
I Eystein I Magnusson
(Øystein Magnússon)
1103–1123
with Olaf Magnusson
and Sigurd I
Oeystein.jpg c. 1088
illegitimate son of Magnus III
Ingebjørg Guttormsdatter
two children
29 August 1123
Hustad, Romsdal peninsula
aged 34–35
[5][46][47]
I Sigurd I the Crusader
(Sigurðr Jórsalafari)
1103–1130
with Olaf Magnusson
and Eystein I
Magnussonnenes saga 4 - G. Munthe.jpg c. 1090
illegitimate son of Magnus III and Thora
(1) Blathmin Ní Briain
c. 1102
Ireland
no issues
(2) Malmfred of Kiev
c. 1116-20
one daughter
(3) Cecilia
c. 1128
no issues
26 March 1130
Oslo
aged 39–40
[5][48][49]
I Magnus IV Blind
(Magnús inn blindi)
1130–1135
with Harald IV
Haraldsonnenes saga-Reidar Grjotgardsson lofter Magnus Blinde-W. Wetlesen.jpg c. 1115
son of Sigurd I and Borghild Olavsdatter
Christina of Denmark
c. 1133
no issues
12 November 1139
Holmengrå
aged 23–24
[5][50][51]
I Harald IV Gille
(Haraldr gilli)
1130–1136
with Magnus IV (1130–1135)
Magnussonnenes saga 9 - G. Munthe.jpg c. 1103
Ireland/Hebrides
alleged illegitimate son of Magnus III
Ingrid of Sweden
c. 1134
one son
14 December 1136
Bergen
aged 32–33
[5][52][53]
I Sigurd II Munn
(Sigurðr Haraldsson)
1136–1155
with Inge I (1136–1155)
and Eystein II (1142–1157)
Haraldsonnene-Kong Sigurd-W. Wetlesen.jpg c. 1133
illegitimate son of Harald IV and Thora Guttormsdotter
never married 6 February 1155
Bergen
aged 21–22
[5][54][55]
I Inge I the Hunchback
(Inge Krokrygg)
1136–1161
with Sigurd II (1136–1155)
and Eystein II (1142–1157)
and Haakon II (1157–1161)
Haakon Herdebreis saga-Kong Inges haerfylking-W. Wetlesen.jpg c. 1135
only son of Harald IV and Ingrid of Sweden
never married 3 February 1161
Oslo
aged 25–26
[5][56][57]
I Eystein II Haraldsson
(Øystein Haraldsson)
1142–1157
with Sigurd II (1142–1155)
and Inge I (1142–1157)
Haraldsonnens saga-Simon Skalp-W. Wetlesen.jpg c. 1125
Scotland/Ireland
illegitimate son of Harald IV and Bjaðök
Ragna Nikolasdatter
no issues
21 August 1157
Bohuslän
aged 31–32
[5][58][59]
I Haakon II the Broadshouldered
(Hákon herðibreiðr)
1157–1162
with Inge I (1157–1161)
and Magnus V (1161–1162)
Haakon Herdebreis saga-Tittelfrise-G. Munthe.jpg c. 1147
illegitimate son of Sigurd II and Thora
never married 7 July 1162
Romsdalen
aged 14–15
[5][60][61]
I Magnus V Erlingsson
(Magnús Erlingsson)
1161–1184
with Haakon II (1161–1162)
Magnus Erlingssons saga-Tittelfrise-G. Munthe.jpg c. 1156
Etne
son of Erling Skakke and Kristin Sigurdsdatter
Estrid Bjørnsdotter
c. 1170
two daughters
15 June 1184
Fimreite
aged 27–28
[5][62][63]
I Sverre Sigurdsson
(Sverrir Sigurðarson)
1184–1202
Sverrir by Arbo.jpg c. 1145/51
alleged illegitimate son of Sigurd II and Gunnhild
Margaret of Sweden
c. 1189
one daughter
9 March 1202
Bergen
aged 50–57
[5][64][65]
I Haakon III Sverresson
(Hákon Sverrisson)
1202–1204
c. 1182
second illegitimate son of Sverre and Astrid Roesdatter
never married 1 January 1204
Bergen
aged 21–22
[5][66][67]
I Guttorm Sigurdsson
(Guthormr Sigurðarson)
1204
c. 1199
illegitimate son of Sigurd Lavard
never married 11 August 1204
Nidaros
aged 4–5
[5][68][69]
I Inge II Baardson
(Inge Bårdsson)
1204-1217
c. 1185
Rissa
son of Bård Guttormsson and Cecilia Sigurdsdotter
never married 23 April 1217
Nidaros
aged 31–32
[5][70][71]
I Haakon IV the Old
(Håkon IV Håkonsson)
1217–1263
with Haakon the Young (1240–1257)
later Magnus VI (1257–1263)
HakonTheOldAndSon-Flateyjarbok.jpg c. 1204
Varteig
illegitimate son of Haakon III and Inga of Varteig
Margrét Skúladóttir
25 May 1225
Bergen
four children
16 December 1263
Kirkwall
aged 58–59
[5][67][72]
I Haakon the Young
(Håkon Håkonsson Unge)
1240–1257
with Haakon IV
Haakon4.jpg 10 November 1232
Bergen
second son of Haakon IV and Margrét Skúladóttir
Rikissa Birgersdotter
c. 1251
Oslo
one son
5 May 1257
Tunsberg
aged 24
[5][73][74]
I Magnus VI the Law-Mender
(Magnus VI Lagabøte)
1257–1280
with Haakon IV (1257–1263)
later Eric II (1273–1280)
King Magnus VI of Norway. Stavanger Cathedral blank.png 1 May 1238
Tønsberg
third son of Haakon IV and Margrét Skúladóttir
Ingeborg of Denmark
11 September 1261
Bergen
four sons
9 May 1280
Bergen
aged 42
[5][75][76]
I Eric II Magnusson
(Eirik II Magnusson)
1273–1299
with Magnus VI (1273–1280)
Eirik Magnusson.JPG c. 1268
Bergen
third son of Magnus VI and Ingeborg of Denmark
(1) Margaret of Scotland
September 1281
Bergen
one daughter
(2) Isabel Bruce
bef. 25 September 1293
Bergen
one daughter
15 July 1299
Bergen
aged 30–31
[5][77][78]
I Haakon V Magnusson
(Håkon V Magnusson)
1299–1319
Håkon Magnusson.JPG 10 April 1270
Tönsberg
fourth son of Magnus VI and Ingeborg of Denmark
(1) Isabelle de Joigny
1295
no issues
(2) Euphemia of Rügen
c. 1299
one daughter
8 May 1319
Tunsberg
aged 49
[5][79][80]

House of Bjelbo

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
S Magnus VII Eriksson
(Magnus VII Eriksson)
August 1319–
15 August 1343
(deposed)
Magnus Ericson.jpg c. 1316
Norway or Stockholm
only son of Eric, Duke of Södermanland and Ingeborg of Norway
Blanche of Namur
5 November 1335
Bohus Castle
two sons
1 December 1374
Lyngholmen
aged 58
[5][51][81][82]
S Haakon VI Magnusson
(Håkon VI Magnusson)
1343–1380
GelreNorge.jpg 15 August 1340
Sweden
second son of Magnus IV and Blanche of Namur
Margaret of Denmark
9 April 1363
Church of Our Lady
one son
11 September 1380
Akershus Castle
aged 40
[5][81][83][84]
I
D Olaf IV Haakonsson
(Olav IV Håkonsson)
1380–1387
Oluf 2 of Denmark (Kronborg tapestries) cropped.jpg December 1370
Akershus Castle
only son of Haakon VI of Norway and Margaret I
never married 23 August 1387
Falsterbo Castle
aged 16
[14][26][85]

House of Estridsen

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
DS Margaret
(Margrete)
1380–1412 (de facto)
Roskilde 3 20101110.JPG c.  1353
Vordingborg Castle
youngest daughter of Valdemar IV and Helvig of Schleswig
Haakon VI of Norway
9 April 1363
Church of Our Lady
one son
28 October 1412
Ship on Flensburg Fjord
aged 58–59
[14][86][87]

House of Pomerania

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
DS Eric III
(Eirik av Pommern)
8 September
1389–1442
(deposed)
with Sigurd Jonsson
Eryk I Pomorski Darłowo.jpg c. 1381/82
Rügenwalde Castle
only son of Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania and Mary of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Philippa of England
26 October 1406
Lund Cathedral
no issue
3 May 1459
Rügenwalde Castle
aged 76–78
[14][88][89]

House of Palatinate-Neumarkt

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
DS Christopher
(Kristoffer av Bayern)
4 June1442–
5/6 January 1448
Christopher of Bavaria crop.jpg 26 February 1416
Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz
fifth son of John, Count Palatine of Neumarkt and Catherine of Pomerania
Dorothea of Brandenburg
12 September 1445
Copenhagen
no issue
5/6 January 1448
Kärnan Castile
aged 31
[14][90][91]
 R  Interregnum (1448–1449)
Sigurd Jonsson as regent

House of Bonde

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
S Charles I
(Karl Knutsson Bonde)
20 November 1449–
June 1450
(abdicated)
Carl-II-Sweden.jpg 5 October 1409
Ekholmen Castle
only son of Knut Tordsson Bonde and Margareta Karlsdotter Sparre
(1) Birgitta Bielke
before 1 March 1429
two children
(2) Katarina Gumsehuvud
5 October 1438
Stockholm
nine children
(3) Christina Abrahamsdotter
c. 1470
Stockholm Castle
two children
14 May 1470
Stockholm Castle
aged 60
[92][93]

House of Oldenburg

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
DS Christian I
2 August 1450–
21 May 1481
Christian-I-DenmarkNorwaySweden.JPG February 1426
Oldenburg
eldest son of Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg and Helvig of Schauenburg
Dorothea of Brandenburg
28 October 1449
Church of Our Lady
five children
21 May 1481
Copenhagen Castle
aged 55
[94][95]
 R  Interregnum (1481–1483)
Jon Svaleson Smør as regent
DS John
20 July 1483–
20 February 1513
1455 Johann.JPG 2 February 1455
Aalborghus Castle
third son of Christian I and Dorothea of Brandenburg
Christina of Saxony
6 September 1478
Copenhagen
five children
20 February 1513
Aalborghus Castle
aged 58
[96][97]
DS Christian II
22 July
1513–1523
(deposed)
ChristianIIb.jpg 1 July 1481
Nyborg Castle
second son of John and Christina of Saxony
Isabella of Austria
12 August 1515
Copenhagen
six children
25 January 1559
Kalundborg Castle
aged 77
[98][99]
D
D Frederick I
1523–1533
Frederik1dk.jpg 7 October 1471
Haderslevhus Castle
fourth son of Christian I and Dorothea of Brandenburg
(1) Anna of Brandenburg
10 April 1502
Stendal
two children
(2) Sophie of Pomerania
9 October 1518
Kiel Castle
six children
10 April 1533
Gottorp Castle
aged 61
[100][101]
 R  Interregnum (1533–1537)
Olav Engelbrektsson as regent
D Christian III
1537–
1 January 1559
Christian III of Denmark.jpg 12 August 1503
Gottorp Castle
only son of Frederick I and Anna of Brandenburg
Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
29 October 1525
Lauenburg Castle
five children
1 January 1559
Koldinghus Castle
aged 55
[102][103]
D Frederick II
1559–1588
1581 Lorck Frederik 2.(crop).jpg 1 July 1534
Haderslevhus Castle
eldest son of Christian III and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
20 July 1572
Copenhagen
eight children
4 April 1588
Antvorskov Castle
aged 53
[104][105]
D Christian IV
4 April 1588–
28 February 1648
Kristian IV av Danmark, malning av Pieter Isaacsz 1611-1616.jpg 12 April 1577
Frederiksborg Palace
eldest son of Frederick II and Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
(1) Anne Catherine of Brandenburg
27 November 1597
Haderslevhus Castle
seven children
(2) Kirsten Munk
31 December 1615
Copenhagen
twelve children
28 February 1648
Rosenborg Castle
aged 70
[106][107]
D Frederick III
1 May 1648–
9 February 1670
Frederik 3 by window.jpg 18 March 1609
Haderslevhus Castle
third son of Christian IV and Anne Catherine of Brandenburg
Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1 October 1643
Glücksburg Castle
eight children
9 February 1670
Copenhagen Castle
aged 60
[108][109]
D Christian V
9 February 1670–
25 August 1699
Christian V of Denmark.jpg 15 April 1646
Duborg Castle
eldest son of Frederick III and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
25 June 1667
Nykøbing Castle
eight children
25 August 1699
Copenhagen Castle
aged 53
[110]
D Frederick IV
25 August 1699–
12 October 1730
1671 Frederik.jpg 11 October 1671
Copenhagen Castle
eldest son of Christian V and Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
(1) Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
5 December 1695
Copenhagen
five children
(2) Elisabeth Helene von Vieregg
6 September 1703
one son
(3) Anne Sophie Reventlow
4 April 1721
Copenhagen
three children
12 October 1730
Odense Palace
aged 59
[111]
D Christian VI
12 October 1730–
6 August 1746
Christian 6.jpg 30 November 1699
Copenhagen Castle
second son of Frederick IV and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
7 August 1721
Pretzsch Castle
three children
6 August 1746
Hirschholm Palace
aged 46
[112]
D Frederick V
6 August 1746–
14 January 1766
Pilo Frederik V Denmark.JPG 31 March 1723
Copenhagen Castle
only son of Christian VI and Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
(1) Louise of Great Britain
11 December 1743
Altona
five children
(2) Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
8 July 1752
Frederiksborg Palace
one son
14 January 1766
Christiansborg Palace
aged 42
[113]
D Christian VII
14 January 1766–
13 March 1808
Christian 7 of Denmark.jpg 29 January 1749
Christiansborg Palace
second son of Frederick V and Louise of Great Britain
Caroline Matilda of Wales
8 November 1766
Christiansborg Palace
two children
13 March 1808
Rendsburg
aged 59
[114]
D Frederick VI
13 March 1808–
7 February 1814
(abdicated)
Fiedrichvidenmark.jpg 28 January 1768
Christiansborg Palace
only son of Christian VII and Caroline Matilda of Wales
Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel
31 July 1790
Gottorp Castle
eight children
3 December 1839
Amalienborg Palace
aged 70
[115]
I Christian Frederick
17 May 1814–
14 August 1814
(abdicated)
Christian VIII af Wilhelm Marstrand.jpg 18 September 1786
Christiansborg Palace
eldest son of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway and Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(1) Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
21 June 1806
Ludwigslust Castle
two sons
(2) Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
22 May 1815
Augustenborg Palace
no issues
20 January 1848
Amalienborg Palace
aged 61
[116]

House of Holstein-Gottorp

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
S Charles II
4 November 1814–
5 February 1818
Charles XIII of Sweden.jpg 7 October 1748
Stockholm Palace
second son of Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp
7 July 1774
Stockholm Cathedral
two children
5 February 1818
Stockholm Palace
aged 69
[117]

House of Bernadotte

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
S Charles III John
5 February 1818–
8 March 1844
Marechal-Bernadotte.jpg 26 January 1763
Pau
son of Jean Henri Bernadotte and Jeanne de Saint Vincent
Désirée Clary
17 August 1798
Sceaux
one son
8 March 1844
Stockholm Palace
aged 81
[118]
S Oscar I
8 March 1844–
8 July 1859
Oscar I porträtterad 1836 av Fredric Westin.jpg 4 July 1799
Paris
only son of Charles III John and Désirée Clary
Josephine of Leuchtenberg
19 June 1823
Stockholm Cathedral
five children
8 July 1859
Stockholm Palace
aged 60
[119]
S Charles IV
8 July 1859–
18 September 1872
Konung Carl XV, Svenskt porträttgalleri.jpg 3 May 1826
Stockholm Palace
eldest son of Oscar I and Josephine of Leuchtenberg
Louise of the Netherlands
19 June 1850
Stockholm Cathedral
two children
18 September 1872
Malmö
aged 46
[120]
S Oscar II
18 September 1872–
26 October 1905
600 Norwegian Lion King Oscar II.jpg 21 January 1829
Stockholm Palace
third son of Oscar I and Josephine of Leuchtenberg
Sophia of Nassau
6 June 1857
Biebrich Palace
four children
8 December 1907
Stockholm Palace
aged 78
[121]

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

P Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death References
I Haakon VII
18 November 1905–
21 September 1957
Haakon VII FSA.jpg 3 August 1872
Charlottenlund Palace
second son of Frederick VIII of Denmark and Louise of Sweden
Maud of Wales
22 July 1896
Buckingham Palace
one son
21 September 1957
Royal Palace
aged 85
[122]
I Olav V
21 September 1957–
17 January 1991
Olav V of Norway.jpg 2 July 1903
Sandringham House
only son of Haakon VII and Maud of Wales
Märtha of Sweden
21 March 1929
Oslo Cathedral
three children
17 January 1991
Royal Lodge Kongsseteren
aged 87
[123]
I Harald V
17 January 1991–
present
Harald V Norway-Agencia Brasil.jpg 21 February 1937
Skaugum
only son of Olav V and Märtha of Sweden
Sonja Haraldsen
29 August 1968
Oslo Cathedral
two children
Incumbent [124]

Succession to the Norwegian Throne

  1. HRH Crown Prince Haakon Magnus (b. 1973)
  2. HRH Princess Ingrid Alexandra (b. 2004)
  3. HH Prince Sverre Magnus (b. 2005)
  4. HH Princess Märtha Louise (b. 1971)
  5. Maud Angelica Behn (b. 2003)
  6. Leah Isadora Behn (b. 2005)
  7. Emma Tallulah Behn (b. 2008)

See also

Notes and references

General references
Notes
  1. ^ Carlyle p.3
  2. ^ a b "History". The Royal Court. http://www.kongehuset.no/c27269/seksjonstekst/vis.html?tid=27680. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  3. ^ Orfield, Lester B.; Benjamin F. (FRW) Boyer (2002). The Growth of Scandinavian Law. The Lawbook Exchange. pp. 144. ISBN 9781584771807. http://books.google.com/books?id=133bkwvienYC. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  4. ^ "Union with Sweden in 1814". The Royal Court. http://www.kongehuset.no/c27320/seksjonstekst/vis.html?tid=28691. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Cawley, Charles. "Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families: NORWAY KINGS". http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORWAY.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  6. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 877". thePeerage.com. http://www.thepeerage.com/p877.htm#i8761. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  7. ^ a b Our Family History and Ancestry. "Harald I "Fairhair" Halfdansson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I20865&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  8. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 4276". thePeerage.com. http://www.thepeerage.com/p4276.htm#i42753. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
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  13. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Harald II "Greyskin" Eriksson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23630&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i Cawley, Charles. "Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families: DENMARK". http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/DENMARK.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
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  16. ^ Johannes C. H. R. Steenstrup. "Medieval Danish Families: Harald Gormsen, Harald Bluetooth". http://medievaldanishfamilies.blogspot.com/2009/12/harald-gormsen-harald-bluetooth.html. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
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  18. ^ a b Johannes C. H. R. Steenstrup. "Medieval Danish Families: Sweyn Forkbeard/Sven Tveskæg". http://medievaldanishfamilies.blogspot.com/2009/12/sven-tveskgsweyn-forkbeard-ca.html. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  19. ^ a b Our Family History and Ancestry. "Svend I "TveskjAeg" Haraldsson, King of Denmark". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I24662&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  20. ^ Cawley, Charles. "Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families: NORWAY, NOBILITY". http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORWEGIAN%20NOBILITY.htm#HaakonSigurdssondied995B. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  21. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 15059". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p15059.htm#i150587. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  22. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Håkon "The Mighty" Sigurdsson, earl". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I25669&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  23. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 4290". thePeerage.com. http://www.thepeerage.com/p4290.htm#i42895. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  24. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Olaf I Tryggvesson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23792&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  25. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 4290". thePeerage.com. http://www.thepeerage.com/p4290.htm#i42893. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  26. ^ a b Our Family History and Ancestry. "Olaf II "The Saint" Haraldsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23855&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  27. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10219". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p10219.htm#i102190. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  28. ^ Johannes C. H. R. Steenstrup. "Medieval Danish Families: Canute the Great /Knud den Store, o. 995-1035, ~ Emma of Normandy, - 1052. (his consort before Emma was Aelfgifu of Northampton)". http://medievaldanishfamilies.blogspot.com/2010/10/canute-greatknud-den-store-o-995-1035.html. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  29. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Canute "the Great", King of England, Denmark & Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I12762&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  30. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10220". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p10220.htm#i102193. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  31. ^ "Svend Knutsson Alfifasson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I2735&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  32. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 4290". thePeerage.com. http://www.thepeerage.com/p4290.htm#i42894. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  33. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Magnus II "The Good" Olafsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23865&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  34. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 11287". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11287.htm#i112863. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  35. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Harald III "the Severe" Sigurdsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23910&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  36. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 112980". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11298.htm#i112980. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  37. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Magnus II Haraldsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23922&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  38. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 11299". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11299.htm#i112982. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  39. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Olaf III "The Tranquil" Haraldsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23923&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  40. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 112981". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11299.htm#i112981. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  41. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Håkon "Toresfostre" Magnusson, Prince of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23926&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  42. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 112984". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11299.htm#i112984. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  43. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Magnus III "Barfot" Olafsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23928&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  44. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 113006". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11301.htm#i113006. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  45. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Olaf IV Magnusson". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I24063&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  46. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 113003". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11301.htm#i113003. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  47. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Eystein I Magnusson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23934&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  48. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 112998". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11300.htm#i112998. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  49. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Sigud I "The Crusader" Magnusson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23940&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  50. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 112869". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11287.htm#i112869. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  51. ^ a b Our Family History and Ancestry. "Magnus IV "The Blind" Sigurdsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23948&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  52. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 11299". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11299.htm#i112988. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  53. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Harald IV "Gille" Magnusson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I24008&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  54. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 112995". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11300.htm#i112995. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  55. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Sigurd II "Munn" Haraldsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I24042&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  56. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 112991". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11300.htm#i112991. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  57. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Inge I "Humpback" Haraldsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I24049&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  58. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 112992". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11300.htm#i112992. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  59. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Eystein II Haraldsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I24012&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  60. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 113018". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11302.htm#i113018. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  61. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Håkon II "Broad-Shoulders" Sigurdsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I21840&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
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  63. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Magnus IV Erlingsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I23963&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
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  71. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Inge II Bårdsson, King of Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I24183&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
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  73. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 11304". thePeerage.com. http://www.thepeerage.com/p11304.htm#i113039. Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
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  77. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10288". thePeerage.com. http://www.thepeerage.com/p10288.htm#i102876. Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
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  86. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 11290". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p11290.htm#i112897. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
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  89. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Erik VII, King of Norway, Denmark And Sweden". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I25929&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  90. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10351". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p10351.htm#i103502. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
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  99. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Christian II of Oldenbourg, King of Denmark & Sweden". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I26644&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  100. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10228". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p10228.htm#i102276. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  101. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Frederik I Christiansson, King of Denmark". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I26226&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  102. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10228". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p10228.htm#i102274. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
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  104. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10139". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p10139.htm#i101382. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
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  108. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10228". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p10228.htm#i102272. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  109. ^ Our Family History and Ancestry. "Friedrich III, King of Denmark and Norway". http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I28467&tree=Dodge. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
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  112. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10227". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p10227.htm#i102262. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  113. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10100". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p10100.htm#i100991. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  114. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10141". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p10141.htm#i101409. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  115. ^ "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10226". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p10226.htm#i102259. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
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