Jack Crawford (tennis)


Jack Crawford (tennis)

Infobox_Person
name = Jack Crawford


image_size = 130px
caption = Crawford hitting a backhand volley
birth_date = March 22, 1908
birth_place = Urangeline, near Albury, NSW
origin =
death_date = death date and age|1991|9|10|1908|3|22
death_place = Sydney, NSW
occupation = Tennis player
spouse = Marjorie Cox Crawford
children =
relations =

John Herbert ("Jack") Crawford (March 22, 1908 - September 10, 1991) was an Australian tennis player of the 1930s. He was the World No. 1 player for 1933.

Born in Urangeline, near Albury, New South Wales, Crawford won a number of major championship titles, although he is best known, perhaps, for something he did not do - complete the tennis Grand Slam five years before Don Budge accomplished the feat for the first time.

In 1933 Crawford won the Australian, French, and British championships, needing to win the American championship to complete the slam. An asthmatic who suffered in the muggy summer heat of Long Island, he was leading the Englishman Fred Perry in the finals of the championship by two sets to one when his strength began to fade. He ended up losing the match, and tennis immortality, by the final score of 3–6, 13-11, 6–4, 0–6, 1–6.

In his 1979 autobiography Jack Kramer, the long-time tennis promoter and great player himself, included Crawford in his list of the 21 greatest players of all time. [Writing in 1979, Kramer considered the best ever to have been either Don Budge (for consistent play) or Ellsworth Vines (at the height of his game). The next four best were, chronologically, Bill Tilden, Fred Perry, Bobby Riggs, and Pancho Gonzales. After these six came the "second echelon" of Rod Laver, Lew Hoad, Ken Rosewall, Gottfried von Cramm, Ted Schroeder, Jack Crawford, Pancho Segura, Frank Sedgman, Tony Trabert, John Newcombe, Arthur Ashe, Stan Smith, Björn Borg, and Jimmy Connors. He felt unable to rank Henri Cochet and René Lacoste accurately but felt they were among the very best.]

He was also known for taking a shot of whiskey between sets if the game was tense

Crawford was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island in 1979.

Grand Slam Tournament wins

*Australian Championships:
**singles champion - 1931-33, 1935
**doubles champion - 1929-30, 32, 1935
**mixed doubles champion - 1931-33

*French Championships:
**singles champion - 1933
**doubles champion - 1935
**mixed doubles champion - 1933

*Wimbledon Championships:
**singles champion - 1933
**doubles champion - 1935
**mixed doubles champion - 1930

Notes

See also

* List of male tennis players a detailed list of tennis greats throughout the years

External links

* [http://www.tennisfame.com/famer.aspx?pgID=867&hof_id=81 International Tennis Hall of Fame profile]


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  • Crawford — /ˈkrɔfəd/ (say krawfuhd) noun 1. Jack, 1908–91, Australian tennis player; Australian and Wimbledon champion. 2. Sir John Grenfell, 1910–84, Australian economist; the 1979 Crawford Report recommended a gradual lessening of protection for… …   Australian English dictionary


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