Idaho Army National Guard


Idaho Army National Guard

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= Headquarters, State Area Command
Idaho Army National Guard


caption= Seal of the Army National Guard
dates=
country= United States
allegiance= Idaho
branch= Army National Guard
type= ARNG Headquarters Command
role=
size=
command_structure=Idaho National Guard
current_commander=
garrison=Boise, Idaho
ceremonial_chief=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
nickname=
patron=
motto=
colors=
march=
mascot=
battles=
notable_commanders=
anniversaries=

The Idaho National Guard comprises both Army and Air National Guard components. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal and state missions. In fact, the National Guard is the only United States military force empowered to function in a state status. Those functions range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement of martial law when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control. The National Guard may be called into federal service in response to a call by the President or Congress. When National Guard troops are called to federal service, the President serves as Commander-In-Chief. The federal mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide properly trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization for war, National emergency or as otherwise needed."

The Governor may call individuals or units of the Idaho National Guard into state service during emergencies or to assist in special situations which lend themselves to use of the National Guard. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is:"To provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law."

The Idaho Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.

Idaho Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Idaho Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Idaho.

Units

*116th Cavalry Brigade Combat Team Gowen Field, Boise, Idaho [ [http://www.idahoarmyguard.org/116HHC/HHC.asp IdahoArmyGuard - HHC/116th BCT ] ]
*1-183rd Aviation Battalion (Attack Helicopter) AH-64 Apache and UH-60 Blackhawk
*204th Regiment (RTI)
*101st WMD Combat Support Team
*25th Army Band

Duties

National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary DutY Assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units. However, there has been a significant amount of individual activations to support military operations (2001-?); the legality of this policy is a major issue within the National Guard.

Active Duty Callups

For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies). The Idaho Army National Guard is composed of ____ soldiers.

History

The Idaho Army National Guard was originally formed in yyyy. The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system. See History of the United States National Guard for a more complete history of the guard at a national level.

References

*United States National Guard, accessed 4 Nov 2006
* [http://www.idahoarmyguard.org/ Idaho Army National Guard] , accessed 16 June 2007
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/arng-id.htm GlobalSecurity.org Idaho Army National Guard] , accessed 20 Nov 2006

External links

* [http://www.ngb.army.mil/ The National Guard Bureau]
* [http://www.ngb.army.mil/gallery/heritage/index.asp/ The National Guard Bureau Heritage Collection]
* [http://www.1800goguard.com/ The Army National Guard Recruiting Site]
* [http://www.citizentosoldier.com/ Information about joining the guard]
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/arng.htm GlobalSecurity.org Army National Guard page]


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