Vasudeva I


Vasudeva I

[
thumb|350px|Gold_coin_of_Vasudeva_I.
Obv: Vasudeva in tall helmet, holding a scepter, and making an offering over an altar. Legend in Kushan language and Greek script (with the Kushan letter Ϸ "sh"): ϷΑΟΝΑΝΟϷΑΟ ΒΑΖΟΔΗΟ ΚΟϷΑΝΟ ("Shaonanoshao Bazodeo Koshano"): "King of kings, Vasudeva the Kushan".
Rev: ΟΗϷΟ ("oesho"), a conflation of Zoroastrian Vayu and Hindu Shiva, holding a trisula scepter, with the bull Nandi. Monogram ("tamgha") to the left.]

Vasudeva I (Kushan: ΒΑΖΟΔΗΟ "Bazodeo", Chinese: 波調 "Bodiao") was a Kushan/Bactrian emperor, last of the "Great Kushans." Named inscriptions dating from year 64 to 98 of Kanishka's era suggest his reign extended from at least 191 to 225 CE.

The last named inscription of his predecessor, Huvishka, was in the year 60 = 187 CE, and the Chinese evidence suggests he was still ruling as late as 330 CE. He was the last great Kushan emperor, and the end of his rule coincides with the invasion of the Sassanians as far as northwestern India, and the establishment of the Indo-Sassanians or Kushanshahs from around 240 CE.

His name, Vasudeva, is that of the father of Krishna, the popular Hindu god, and he was the first Kushan king to be named after an Indian god. He converted to Hinduism during his reign [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=O-d497CKID0C&pg=PA37&lpg=PA37&dq=vasudeva+convert+to+hinduism+kushana&source=web&ots=a45L09mlYx&sig=m4xvM6AX3rqA9cAVUpTGArmdVAU Coins of India] Calcutta : Association Press ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1922] .

Contacts with China

In the Chinese historical chronicle Sanguozhi (三國志), he is recorded to have sent tribute to the Chinese emperor Cao Rui of the Wei in 229 CE (3rd year of Taihe 太和), : :"The king of the Da Yuezhi, Bodiao (波調) (Vāsudeva), sent his envoy to present tribute and His Majesty granted him a title of "King of the Da Yuezhi Intimate with Wei (魏)"." (Sanguozhi)

He is the last Kushan king to be mentioned in Chinese sources. His rule corresponds to the retreat of Chinese power from Central Asia, and it is thought that Vasudeva may have filled the power vacuum in that area. The great expansion of the Dharmaguptaka Buddhist group in Central Asia during this period has also been related to this event.

Christian connection

Vasudeva may have been the Indian king who returned the relics of the Apostle St. Thomas from India in 232 CE, on which occasion his Syriac Acts (the 3rd century Acts of Thomas) were written. The relics were transferred triumphally to the town of Edessa, Mesopotamia. The Indian king is named as "Mazdai" in Syriac sources, "Misdeos" and "Misdeus" in Greek and Latin sources, which has been connected to the "Bazdeo" on the Kushan coinage of Vasudeva, the transition between "M" and "B" being a current one in Classical sources for Indian names. [Mario Bussagli, "L'Art du Gandhara", p255] Rabban Sliba dedicated a special day to both the Indian king, his family, and St Thomas::"Coronatio Thomae apostoli et Misdeus rex Indiae, Johannes eus filius huiusque mater Tertia" ("Coronation of Thomas the Apostole, and Misdeus king of India, together with his son Johannes (thought to be a Latinization of "Vizan") and his mother Tertia") Rabban Sliba [Mario Bussagli, "L'Art du Gandhara", p255]

References

* Falk, Harry (2001). "The yuga of Sphujiddhvaja and the era of the Kuṣâṇas." "Silk Road Art and Archaeology VII", pp. 121-136.
*Falk, Harry (2004). "The Kaniṣka era in Gupta records." Harry Falk. "Silk Road Art and Archaeology X" , pp. 167-176.
*Sims-Williams, Nicholas (1998). "Further notes on the Bactrian inscription of Rabatak, with an Appendix on the names of Kujula Kadphises and Vima Taktu in Chinese." "Proceedings of the Third European Conference of Iranian Studies Part 1: Old and Middle Iranian Studies". Edited by Nicholas Sims-Williams. Wiesbaden. Pp, 79-93.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.coinarchives.com/a/results.php?results=200&search=vasudeva Coins of Vasudeva]
* [http://www.grifterrec.com/coins/kushan/kushan6.html Coins of late Kushan emperors]
* [http://www.grifterrec.com/coins/kushan/i_kush_3393_o.jpgVasudeva coin]


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  • Vasudeva — (Sanskrit, m., वसुदेव, vasudeva) ist in der indischen Überlieferung wie etwa im indischen Epos Mahabharata und im Bhagavata der Vater von Krishna. Er gehörte zur Dynastie der Yadava und seine Schwester war Kunti, die Mutter der Pandava Prinzen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vasudeva — (sanskrit : वसुदेव), dans l Hindouisme, était le fils de Śũrasena, de la dynastie de Yadava. Sa sœur Kunti était mariée à Pandu. Il se maria à Devaki, la sœur de Kamsa, et fut le père de Balarama et Krishna. Il a également prit une deuxième… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vasudeva II — was a Kushan emperor around 290 310 AD.He was the son of Kanishka III and through him the Grandson of Vasudeva I . He is reported to have had a son named Vasudeva III . References External links* See: [http://www.grifterrec.com/coins/kushan/i… …   Wikipedia

  • Vasudeva IV — was reportedly a Kushan King ruling in Kandahar. He was the possible father of Vasudeva of Kabul. References …   Wikipedia

  • Vasudeva —   [v , Sanskrit], der frühhinduistische Gott Vasudeva Krishna, später mit Vishnu identifiziert. Mit seinem älteren Bruder Balarama Samkarshana steht er an der Spitze der fünf mythologischen Helden (Panchaviras). Seine Abbildung auf Münzen aus Ay… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vasudeva — (ind. Myth.), s. Wasudeva …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vasudeva — For the Kushan king, see Vasudeva I. For the book by Narendra Kohli, see Vasudeva (book). :: Not to be confused with IAST|Vāsudeva, a name of Krishna. In Hindu mythology, Vasudeva (Devanagari sa. वसुदेव, IAST IAST|Vasudeva ) is the father of… …   Wikipedia

  • Vasudeva —    In Hindu mythology Vasudeva is the father of KRISHNA. He was particularly popular in the Jain tradition (see JAINISM), whose PURANAS abound with stories about his life. Krishna himself is known by the epithet Vasudeva (with a long a as the… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Vasudeva I. — Münze von Vasudeva I. Vasudeva I. (Bazodeo auf Münzen) (regierte etwa 191 bis 220 n. Chr.) war der letzte der sogenannten großen Kushan Herrscher. Er ist von verschiedenen Inschriften bekannt, die in die Jahre 64 bis 98 der Kanishka Ära datieren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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