- Burlington, Vermont
official_name = Pagename
nickname = Queen City, Downtown
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Downtown Burlington
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Chittenden
Bob Kiss[ [http://www.ci.burlington.vt.us/mayor/ Mayor's Office] ]
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1783
established_title2 = Organized (town)
established_date2 = 1785
established_title3 = Incorporated (city)
established_date3 = 1865
area_magnitude = 1 E8
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 40.1
area_land_km2 = 27.4
area_water_km2 = 12.7
area_total_sq_mi = 15.5
area_land_sq_mi = 10.6
area_water_sq_mi = 4.9
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 38,889
population_density_km2 = 1421.6
population_density_sq_mi = 3682.0
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 44 |latm = 28 |lats = 0 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 9 |longs = 0 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 61
elevation_ft = 200
postal_code = 05401-05403, 05405-05408
area_code = 802
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 50-10675GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1456663GR|3
website = [http://www.ci.burlington.vt.us www.ci.burlington.vt.us]
Burlington is the largest city in the
U.S. stateof Vermontand is the shire town ( county seat)GR|6 of Chittenden County. [ [http://www.leg.state.vt.us/statutes/fullsection.cfm?Title=24&Chapter=001&Section=00005 Title 24, Part I, Chapter 1, §5] , Vermont Statutes. Accessed 2007-11-01.] With a population of 38,889 at the 2000 census, the city is the core of one of the nation's smaller metropolitan areas, and is also the smallest U.S. city that is the largest city in its state. The urbanized area consists of the cities of Burlington, South Burlington, and Winooski; the towns of Colchester, Essex, and Williston; and the village of Essex Junction. As of 2000, the metropolitan area contained the three northwestern Vermont counties of Chittenden, Franklin, and Grand Isle, with an estimated 2006 population of 206,007, approximately one third of Vermont's total population. [ [http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/CBSA-est2006-annual.html US Government Census] ] [ [http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html Annual Population Estimates 2000 to 2007 ] ]
Burlington has a city council-mayor form of government. [ [http://www.ci.burlington.vt.us/ Burlington City Council] ] Democrats and the Progressive Party share seats.
Bob Kiss, the current mayor, is a Progressive who was elected in 2006. The City Council has 14 seats, which are currently occupied by 5 Democrats, 4 Progressives, 3 Republicans, and 2 Independents. Peter Clavelle, Burlington's longest serving mayor, held that office from 1989 to 1993, and again from 1995 to 2006.
The city was ranked "average" nationally in political involvement in 2008. [Criteria included percentage registered to vote, percentage participating in most recent elections and campaign contributionscite book | author = |title = Where We Play Politics | publisher = Men's Health | date = October 2008]
As a non-profit institution,
The University of Vermontpays no real estate taxes, though like many other schools, it does make an annual payment in lieu of taxes. In 2007, the college agreed to raise this from $456,006 to $912,011 in 2010 plus a "public works" supplement rising from $180,040 to $191,004 over the same time frame. [cite book | author = Johnson, Tim |title = City, UVM sign fees deal | publisher = Burlington Free Press | date = September 29, 2007]
The city maintains three parks on Lake Champlain. One is free, the other two have parking fees.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 38,889 people, 15,885 households, and 7,052 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 3,682.0 people per square mile (1,421.9/km²). There were 16,395 housing units at an average density of 1,552.3 per square mile (599.4/km²).
In the city the population was spread out with 16.3% under the age of 18, 25.4% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
The median age was 32.1, well under the state figure of 40.7, and under the national figure of 37.6. [http://www.bestplaces.net/city/Burlington_VT-5010675010.aspx Burlington, Vermont (VT) - Sperling's BestPlaces ] ]
The racial makeup of the city was:GR|2
* White - 92.3%
* From two or more races - 2.3%
* Native American - 0.5%
* Black or
African American- 1.8%
* Hispanic or Latino of any race - 1.4%
* Asian - 2.7%
* From other races - 0.5%
The city is situated on the eastern shore of
Lake Champlain, north of Shelburne Bay. It was built on a strip of land extending about 6 mi south from the mouth of the Winooski Riveralong the lake shore and rises from the water's edge to a height of 300 ft. [ [http://maps.maptech.com Maptech MapServer II ] ]
source= [http://www.erh.noaa.gov/btv/climo/BTV/monthly_totals/index.shtml National Weather Service]
Lake Champlain as a body of water is often responsible for localized
snowsqualls, producing up to 13 inches in 12 hours on rare occasions. [http://apollo.lsc.vsc.edu/ams/AMS%20VP/Storm%20Conference/NESC%20Presentations/32ndNESC_Presentation/Abstracts/Payer.pdf]
One measure of economic activity is retail sales. Burlington was fifth in the state in 2007 with $242.2 million. [cite book | author = McLean, Dan |title = Retail Sales by the numbers | publisher = Burlington Free Press | date = July 13, 2008]
As of the
censusof 2000,GR|2 the median income for a household in the city was $33,070, and the median income for a family was $46,012. Males had a median income of $30,144 versus $25,270 for females. The per capita incomefor the city was $19,011. About 10.4% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
Burlington's economy is based mostly in education and health services; trade, transportation and utilities; though the city retains some manufacturing work. The city's largest employer is
IBM, providing 6000 jobs, followed by Fletcher Allen Health Care and The University of Vermontemploying 4086 and 3137 people respectively. [ [http://www.city-data.com/us-cities/The-Northeast/Burlington-Economy.html Burlington: Economy - Major Industries and Commercial Activity ] ]
The city is home to the corporate headquarters of
Bruegger's, a chain of bagelbakeries, Seventh Generation Inc., and Lake Champlain Chocolates. Downtown on Church Street is the Burlington Town Center mall with over 75 specialty shops and 15 national retailers such as Macy's, Hollister Co., Abercrombie & Fitch, American Eagle Outfitters, and Old Navy.
The G.S. Blodgett Company, one of the oldest and largest commercial oven companies in the country, manufactures restaurant equipment. Its history dates back to the mid 1800s.
IDX Systems, now a division of General Electric, develops software for the hospital industry and is headquartered in South Burlington. Vermont Teddy Bear Companywhose founder started on a cart on a Burlington street, is now a publicly traded company that ships custom teddy bears worldwide.
Magic Hat Brewing Company, one of the nation's larger craft breweries, is located in South Burlington, just outside the city limits. Burlington is also the birthplace of the ice cream enterprise Ben & Jerry's, founded in 1978 in a renovated gas station. It is now headquartered in South Burlington.
Burlington is home to
Burton Snowboards' central offices.
The Church Street Marketplace, a four block pedestrian mall in the heart of the city, is the site of festivals throughout the year. Events such as the
South End Art Hopand public galleries such as The Firehouse Galleryand Pine Street Art Works, provide a forum for the visual arts. The American Planning Associationnamed the Marketplace one of America's "Great Public Spaces" for 2008. [cite book | author = Briggs, John |title = Marketplace: 'Great Public Space' | publisher = Burlington Free Press | date = October 9, 2008]
War of 1812was not popular in Vermont. Along with the rest of New England, Vermont did not provide militia units or financial support. This was a serious blow to the cause. Vermont voted Federalist which opposed the war.cite book | author = Johnson, Tim |title = 1812:A look back a Burlington's 20-minute war | publisher = Burlington Free Press | date = July 29, 2007 page 4A]
5,000 troops were stationed here at one point during the War of 1812, outnumbering residents. About 500 of these died of disease. [cite book | author = Logan, Lee |title = Grant may help Burlington reclaim War of 1812 heritage | publisher = Burlington Free Press | date = July 8, 2007]
In a skirmish on August 2, 1813, the British shelled Burlington. This has either been cited as a bold stroke by the British with an ineffectual response from the Americans or a weak sally by the British properly ignored by the Americans, depending on who related the story. The cannonade lasted for about ten minutes and did not affect the outcome of the war. The American side was commanded by Naval Lieutenant
Thomas MacDonough, later the hero of the Battle of Lake Champlain.
In 2007, the city was named one of the top four "places to watch" in the United States. [http://www.rismedia.com/wp/2007-07-23/aarp-the-magazine-announces-top-five-places-to-live-and-retire retrieved on July 24, 2007] The ratings were based on what was perceived as ideal for older residents. Criteria included what makes a community livable: new urbanism, smart growth, mixed-use development, and easy-living standards
Burlington is the home of
Fletcher Allen Health Care, a tertiary referral hospitalfor Vermont and northern New York State, Level I Trauma Center, and teaching hospital.
In 2006, Burlington was rated the ninth-best city to live in. The criteria were health, quality of life, and fitness. ["Best and Worst Cities for Men", "Men's Health", January/February 2006, page 129] In 2007, it was rated 11th out of 100, for auto safety. The criteria were observing speed limits, accident infrequency, and seatbelt use. ["The Capitals of Crash", "Men's Health", April 2007, page 86] In 2008 it was ranked second out of 100 for "greenest driving." [cite book | author = |title = Driven to Extinction? | publisher = Men's Health | date = July/August 2008] Criteria included gasoline consumption, and air quality.
Burlington is a
college town, home to The University of Vermont(UVM), Burlington College, and to Champlain College, as well as a Community College of Vermontcampus. Saint Michael's Collegeis located in nearby Colchester.
Culture and landmarks
Burlington has the largest public library in Vermont. In 2002, it had a budget of over $1 million, circulated more books, had more visitors, and had more computers, than any other library. [cite book | author = |title = Libraries on the rise | publisher = Burlington Free Press | date = July 25, 2008] Unlike most libraries in Vermont, it is publicly owned. The building was originally endowed by Andrew Carnegie. It is on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Burlington Waterfront on the shore of
Lake Champlainhas bench swings, shoreline, and walking and bike paths. It provides a place to view the Adirondacks. ECHO Lake Aquarium and Science Center, [ECHO=Ecology, Culture, History and Opportunity] housed in Vermont's first Leadership in Energy and Environmental DesignCertified Green Building, is located at the waterfront and harbors over 70 species of fish, amphibians, invertebrates, and reptiles. Dragon boatraces to benefit charity have been held in Lake Champlain in August since 2006. [cite book | author = |title = Dragon boats fill the waters off Burlington | publisher = Burlington Free Press | date = August 6, 2007]
The city has, over the years, supported a number of local bands as various "scenes" waxed and waned, and has even launched a handful of national acts. The most famous of these was
Phish, which originated at The University of Vermontcirca 1983.
Other acts with ties to the city include
Strangefolk, The Essex Green, RAQ, James Kochalka, The Jazz Mandolin Project, Pork Tornado, Anais Mitchell, Greg Davis, Grace Potter and the Nocturnals, Dispatch, and KT Tunstall.
Newspapers and other publications
Burlington is served by the
*"Burlington Free Press" newspaper which is delivered throughout Vermont [http://www.burlingtonfreepress.com/apps/pbcs.dll/frontpage retrieved July 30, 2007]
*Seven Days, a free weekly newspaper, delivered in bulk to pickup points in the Burlington metropolitan area, emphasizing arts and culture [http://www.sevendaysvt.com/masthead.html retrieved July 30, 2007]
* Vermont Business Magazine [http://www.vermontbiz.com/vermontbiz Vermont Business Magazine]
WOKO- 98.9 FM; 100 kW
The Burlington area is served by 4 network television stations. They include WFFF channel 44 (Fox), The CW network, on WFFF's digital subchannel 44-2,
WVNYchannel 22 (ABC), WPTZchannel 5 ( NBC), and WCAX channel 3 ( CBS). WCAX, WFFF, and WPTZ operate news departments. WCAX is the only Burlington based news channel, while WPTZ is based in Plattsburgh, New York with a bureau in nearby Colchester.
These cable channels are Burlington based: VCAM-Channel 15 [ [http://vermontcam.org Vermont Community Access Television] ] , RETN-Channel 16 [ [http://retn.org Retn.org] ] , and Channel 17 [ [http://www.channel17.org Channel 17] ]
Burlington is home to the
Vermont Lake Monsters, a Class A minor league baseball team. Formerly the Vermont Expos baseball club of the New York - Penn League, it plays on the campus of UVM at Centennial Field.
Burlington is also home to a professional basketball franchise, the
Vermont Frost Heaves, for half of their season. The team, which is part of the American Basketball Association (ABA), splits their inaugural 2005-2006 season home games between Burlington and Barre. The Frost Heaves, owned by " Sports Illustrated" writer Alexander Wolff, play their Burlington games at the Memorial Auditorium, on South Union Street, at the corner of Main.
There is also a
rugby unionteam in Burlington, the Burlington RFC.
Daniel W. Fish, a former member of the Air Force's Wings of Blue, was the first person to obtain a permit and skydive in the city of Burlington.
Burlington also hosts the
Vermont City Marathoneach year, which can draw thousands of competitors. [ [http://www.runvermont.org/marathon/margeneral.html KeyBank VT City Marathon: General Information] ]
Burlington is the central focus of the
Chittenden County Transportation Agency, providing bus service to and from the surrounding communities (and the shopping districts of South Burlington and Williston). Burlington is also the headquarters of the Lake Champlain Transportation Companywith seasonal service provided between Burlington's King Street ferry terminal and Port Kent, New York.
Burlington International Airport provides the area with commercial service to major regional hubs and international airports. In spite of its name, it does not offer scheduled commercial flights to destinations outside the United States but does have a Customs Port of Entry [ [http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/toolbox/contacts/ports/vt/0207.xml Port Of Entry - Burlington International Airport ] ] . The name dates to a time when it offered flights to
Burlington is served by one major Interstate highway (along with its spur route into the southern part of the city), and is at the junction of two U.S. highways. Several Vermont state highways also provide routes into and through the Burlington area.
Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua
Bethlehem, Palestinian territories
Moss Point, Mississippi— In the fall of 2005, the city decided to help out Moss Point which was devastated by Hurricane Katrina, and held a concert called Hurricane Benefete to raise money.
Warren Austin, former U.S. Senator from Vermont and Ambassador to the United Nations.
Ralph Abraham, mathematician.
Marc Awodey, artist and writer
Ben Bagley, musical theater producer and innovator.
Orson Bean, film and stage actor.
Alison Bechdel, cartoonist best known for the comic strip Dykes to Watch Out For.
Harry Blanchard, Formula One driver who raced for the Porsche team.
Murray Bookchin, Environmentalist and noted Anarchist philosopher.
Ted Bundy, American serial killer.
Peter Clavelle, former Mayor of Burlington.
*Accie Connor, Professional Wrestler under the name of
Grace Coolidge, wife of Calvin Coolidgeand First Lady of the U.S.
Howard Dean, Current Chairman of the Democratic Party, former presidential candidate in 2004, and former governor of Vermont.
Judith Steinberg Dean, physician; First Lady of Vermont 1991-2003
John Dewey, philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer.
John Chipman Farrar, writer and publisher.
Jon Fishman, drummer for rock band "Phish"
*Kevin McKenzie, Artistic Director American Ballet Theatre.
Mike Gordon, bassist for rock band "Phish"
*Paul Hackett, football coach.
Henry Hitchcock, the first Attorney General of the State of Alabama.
Philip H. Hoff, former governor of Vermont
Oliver O. Howard, U.S. Army officer and general in the American Civil War.
Eugene Hütz, actor and lead singer of Gogol Bordello.
Horatio Nelson Jackson, the first person to drive an automobile across the United States.
James Kochalka, Cartoonist, Singer/Songwriter
Madeleine M. Kunin, U.S. Diplomat and governor of Vermont.
Patrick Leahy, U.S. Senator and current Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee.
Page McConnell, keyboardist for rock band "Phish"
Ross Powers, Olympic gold medalist.
William Hepburn Russell, founder of the Pony Express.
Bernie Sanders, U.S. Senator from Vermont.
Truman Seymour, Union Armygeneral. [ [http://scholar.library.miami.edu/shedd/letters/seymour.html] ]
Birdie Tebbetts, Major League baseball player.
Len Whitehouse, Major League baseball player and Assistant Coach of Burlington High School's varsity baseball team.
* [http://www.ci.burlington.vt.us/ Official Site of the City of Burlington]
* [http://www.ci.burlington.vt.us/sistercities/ City of Burlington Sister Cities]
* [http://www.preservationburlington.org/ Preservation Burlington]
* [http://dollarsandsense.org/archives/2005/0305fireside.html Article on Burlington Community Land Trust in Dollars & Sense magazine]
*Elevation data: [Gnis3|1462060 USGS—City of Burlington, VT]
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