Streambank Froglet


Streambank Froglet
Streambank Froglet
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Myobatrachidae
Genus: Crinia
Species: C. riparia
Binomial name
Crinia riparia
Littlejohn & Martin, 1965

The Streambank Froglet or Flinders Ranges Froglet (Crinia riparia) is a small, locally common, Australian ground-dwelling frog, of the family Myobatrachidae.

Contents

Distribution

The Streambank Froglet is found only in the area around the Flinders Ranges and Gammon Ranges National Parks of central South Australia.

Physical description

The Streambank froglet is a small frog (2.5 centimetres measured from snout to posterior). The colouring can be red, brown, tan, to drab olive green colour with many shades in between. Like its relatives Crinia signifera, this frog is of extremely variable markings, with great variety usually found within confined populations. The dorsal and ventral surfaces are very variable. The dorsal surface may be smooth or warty. The tympanum of this frog is not visible. The colour under the throat is pale grey, the ventral surface backwards from the front legs is white with granular, mottled black.

Ecology and behaviour

The Streambank Froglet is found throughout the Flinders Ranges and Southern Gammon Ranges, It is found most often under rocks in springfed waterholes or cobbled pools in intermittently flowing streambeds. Because of the seasonality of the rain, and periodic flooding, the tadpoles of these frogs have sucker mouthparts and a streamlined, flattened profile adapted to hold on to the rocks even in canyons where water can be funneled into flowing very rapidly. The call of the male is a barely audible 'creeeak-crek' described as sounding like a creaking hinge.

The diet of the species consists of small insects, much smaller in comparison to their size to most frogs.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crinia — Common Eastern Froglet (Crinia signifera) Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • List of amphibians of South Australia — This is a list of amphibians of South Australia. They are all frogs.* Cyclorana cultripes (Knife footed Frog) * Cyclorana maini (Main s Frog) * Cyclorana platycephala (Water holding Frog) * Crinia deserticola (Desert Froglet) * Crinia… …   Wikipedia

  • Flinders Ranges National Park — Infobox protected area of Australia | name = Flinders Ranges National Park iucn category = II caption = locator x = 176 locator y = 152 nearest town or city = Hawker coordinates = coord|31|25|20|S|138|42|18|E| area = 912 km² established = 1945… …   Wikipedia

  • Flinders Ranges — The Flinders Ranges is South Australia s largest mountain range which starts approximately 200 km north west of Adelaide. The discontinuous ranges stretch for over 430 km from Port Pirie to Lake Callabonna. Its most characteristic landmark is… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.