Party for the Liberation of the Hutu People


Party for the Liberation of the Hutu People

The Party for the Liberation of the Hutu People (also known as PALIPEHUTU, the acronym of its french name "Parti pour la liberation du peuple hutu") is a rebel group in Burundi which fought in the Burundi Civil War for the Hutu ethnic group. The armed wing of PALIPEHUTU is the National Forces of Liberation (FNL or "Forces nationales de liberation"). The FNL is led by Agathon Rwasa and is estimated to have around 3,000 combatants. [http://www.issafrica.org/dynamic/administration/file_manager/file_links/REPORT%20%20BURUNDI%20_ENG%20_.PDF?link_id=&slink_id=3832&link_type=&slink_type=13&tmpl_id=3 AU Peace & Security Council Report] , "Peace and Security Council", 2006-11-09 ]

A dissident wing is led by Jean Bosco Sindayigaya ]

PALIPEHUTU was founded in 1980 in refugee camps in Tanzania, where Hutus had fled following persecution by the Tutsi-led government. [http://www.pcr.uu.se/database/conflictSummary.php?bcID=11 Burundi Conflict Database] , "Uppsala University" ] PALIPEHUTU advocated armed struggle and established its armed wing, the FNL, in 1985. The National Liberation Front (FROLINA) split from PALIPEHUTU in 1990, and the armed wing PALIPEHUTU-FNL, led by Cossan Kabura split from the political wing of PALIPEHUTU in 1991. The political wing of PALIPEHUTU was renamed the Party for the Liberation of People-Agakiza and is led by Etienne Karatasi. In 2002 PALIPEHUTU-FNL split into two factions, one led by Kabura and one by Agathon Rwasa.

Generally, PALIPEHUTU's support comes more from the central region of Muramvya and Lake Tanganyika, whereas the main Hutu political party CNDD derives its support from the southern Bururi region. [ [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/palipehutu.htm PALIPEHUTU & FNL] , "Global Security" ]

During the civil war, PALIPEHUTU-FNL was linked to the killing of Monsignor Michael Courtney [ [http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/ACOS-64CRA3?OpenDocument Assassination of Apostolic Nuncio blamed on FNL/Palipehutu] , "Relief Web", 2003-12-30 ] , the Catholic Church's chief representative in Burundi, the Titanic Express massacre and the Gatumba massacre in which over 150 Banyamulenge Congolese refugees were killed.

PALIPEHUTU also fought in the Second Congo War alongside the Congolese army, the Army for the Liberation of Rwanda and the Mai-Mai against the Burundian army. ]

Following the Gatumba massacre, the Great Lakes Peace Initiative declared PALIPEHUTU-FNL to be a terrorist organisation, and the South African President, Thabo Mbeki called on the International Criminal Court to prosecute. [ [http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/anctoday/2004/at33.htm Young lions of the African Century] , "African National Congress", 2004-08-26 ]

PALIPEHUTU-FNL was the last Hutu rebel group to sign an agreement with the Burundi government, which it did in September 2006 [ [http://www.ippmedia.com/ipp/guardian/2006/09/08/74034.html At last Burundi, Palipehutu-FNL sign ceasefire] , "IPP Media", 2006-09-08 ]

Party emblem

The party's emblem a bent bow and an arrow placed between a hoe and a hammer. The party's flag is red with a the centre inscribed the emblem of the party in black. Red symbolizes the suffering endured by the people of Burundi. The bent bow and the arrow symbolize the struggle for the fundamental rights and liberties. The hoe and the hammer, whose handles converges, symbolize the commitment in unity to agricultural and industrial development, respectively. Green symbolizes the hope to set up peace, justice and democracy in Burundi. [ [http://fotw.net/flags/bi%7D.html#pali Political flags of Burundi] ]

References


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