- Federal Criminal Court of Switzerland
The Federal Criminal Court of
Switzerland(FCC; _de. Bundesstrafgericht, _fr. Tribunal pénal fédéral, _it. Tribunale penale federale; _rm. Tribunal federal penala) is the court of first instance in cases subject to federal criminal jurisdictionin Switzerland. It was created in 2002 in the course of a wide-ranging reform of the Swiss federal judiciary. Most of its judgements can be appealed to the Swiss Federal Supreme Court.
Federal criminal jurisdiction covers the crimes enumerated in articles [http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/311_0/a336.html 336] and [http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/311_0/a337.html 337] of the
Swiss Penal Code. These include crimes against federal interests (against federal institutions, by or against federal officials, etc.) as well as cases of white-collar crime, organised crimeand money launderingof an intercantonal or international dimension.
In addition to adjudicating cases in these areas, the FCC has jurisdiction in certain specialised areas of criminal law, including crimes relating to
nuclear materialor civil aviation. It also reviews actions of the federal criminal prosecution authorities and decides conflicts of competence between the cantonal criminal prosecution authorities.
The FCC consists of an appeals chamber that reviews the actions of subordinate authorities and a penal chamber that conducts trials.
The court's eleven judges are elected by the
Swiss Federal Assemblyfor a term of six years, with reelections being possible. As of 2007, they are:
The court took up its work on 4 April 2004 in
Bellinzona. It is the first Swiss federal authority based in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino.
* For party affiliations: List provided courtesy of the Secretariat of the Judicial Committee of the Swiss Federal Assembly.
* [http://www.bstger.ch Website of the Federal Criminal Court]
* [http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/c173_71.html Federal Law of 4 October 2002 on the Federal Criminal Court] in German, French or Italian
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