François-Joseph d'Offenstein


François-Joseph d'Offenstein
François-Joseph Offenstein
Born July 27, 1760
Erstein, Alsace, France
Died September 27, 1837
Mouzay, Meuse, France
Allegiance Flag of France.svg French Army
Years of service 1777 - 1816
Rank Major General (Revolutionary Wars)
Brigadier General (First Empire)
Battles/wars French Revolutionary Wars
French Directory
French Consulate
First French Empire
Awards Officer of the Legion of Honor
Baron of the First French Empire

François-Joseph d'Offenstein (July 27, 1760 - September 27, 1837), Baron of the Ist Empire, was a French general and military commander during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.

Contents

Biography

Offenstein was born in Erstein, French Alsace, on July 27, 1760 to the butcher François-Joseph Offenstein and Catherine Reibel, he grew up in Alsace during the French Ancien Régime before joining the royal army at the age of 16 in 1777.

Major in 1790, then Lieutenant Colonel two years later, he was nominated at age 33 in July of 1793 Brigadier General and thanks to his political support, he climbed to the rank of Major General two months later to became the Commandant in chief of Neuf-Brisach, nevertheless, a year later, in 1794, he had been relieved of his command by the leaders of Hentz and Goujon for having confused on a map a river with a road when he was assigned with a division of 18.000 men inside the Army of Moselle. We may easily explain this strategic mistake by the fact his education was botched: indeed, although he was a Major General, he was not able to read correctly. That ignorance in some areas led him to be the abiding source of jokes (even if they were most of the time exaggerated) at the general staff. Despite it, Offenstein considered himself as a soldier and just a soldier. He never disputed a direct order. Further to his demotion, he quit the Army. In 1796 when he was called back, downgraded to the rank of Brigader Chief.

On July 15, 1804, Napoleon I of France made him Officer de la Legion of Honor during the first awards ceremony of the Legion of Honor at the Invalides of Paris for his participation to nearly all the battles of the Rhine during the French Revolutionary Wars and many fights during the French Consulate.

In 1806, he joined the Grande Armée.

Thanks to his military experience and his faithfulness in France, Napoleon, who liked his officer qualities, nominated him again, in 1807, at the rank of Brigadier General of the Grande Armée after his heroic acts during the battle of Heilsberg. From 1807, he worked at the general-staff with the Marshal Brune

On June 26, 1809, Napoleon gave him the title of Baron of the first Empire. In that way, in 1809, his family name "Offenstein" became "d'Offenstein"

Offenstein died in 1837 at age 77 during the July Monarchy.


Offenstein got married in 1803 with Marie Barbe Lamarcq and got two son : Guillaume François (1804–1865) and Eugène Auguste (1808–1863)

Offenstein has a family connection with the Pr. Paul Rohmer (1876–1977), a French physician considered as the father of the modern paediatrics in the east corner of France.

Honour & Homage

  • 15 June 1804 : Officer of the Legion of Honor
  • 26 June 1809 : Baron of the first Empire
  • A street of Strasbourg is called "François-Joseph d'Offenstein" to honor him.

Service record

During the Ancien Régime in France

  • 03.10th.1777 : Joins the "Régiment Royal Deux-Pont dragons", but resigns on 12.23rd.1786
  • 01.01st.1787 : Re-enlists as grenadier in the "Régiment d'Alsace-infanterie"

During the French Revolutionary Wars

  • 06.14th.1790 : Major in the National Guard of Erstein
  • 10.02nd.1791 : Elected as Lieutenant Colonel in the 1st battalion of voluntaries of the Bas-Rhin
  • 1792 : Elected as Lieutenant Colonel in the 1st battalion of voluntaries of the Moselle
  • 1793 : Elected as Lieutenant Colonel in the 1st battalion of voluntaries of the Rhine
  • 07.30th.1793 : Nominated Brigadier General
  • 09.22nd.1793 : Nominated Major General
  • 10.04th.1793 : Nominated Commandant in chief of Neuf-Brisach
  • 05.09th.1794 : Assigned with a division of 18.000 men inside the Army of Moselle. He served in Saarlouis before occupied Trèves in Germany. He has been destituted by the leaders of Hentz and Goujon for having confused on a map a river with a road. We have to notice that he has been given the rank of Major General despite the fact he was not able to read correctly. Further to that event, he has been unfited to service, nevertheless, in 1796, he has been called back by the army thanks to his military experience and his faithfulness in France.

During the French Directory

During the French Consulate

  • 04.28th.1799 : Nominated Brigader Chief of the "44th régiment d'infanterie de ligne"
  • 07.31st.1799 : Nominated Brigader Chief of the "12th régiment de chasseurs", he served in Leibdingen and Luciensteig
  • 12.23rd.1802 : Nominated Brigader Chief of the "7th régiment de cuirassiers"

During the First French Empire

  • 09.23rd.1805 : Nominated Colonel of the 2nd brigade of the division commanded by Charles Joseph de Pully inside the "armée d'Italie"
  • 11.22nd.1806 : Nominated Colonel in the Grande Armée of Napoleon
  • 06.10th.1807 : Wounded during the Battle of Heilsberg
  • 06.25th.1807 : Napoleon named him Brigadier General in order to work at the general-staff with the Marshal Brune
  • 09.12th.1809 : Nominated commandant in chief of the Haute-Marne, and then of the Dordogne
  • 03.02nd.1814 : Military Attaché in the Impérial staff of Napoleon

During the first Bourbon Restoration

  • 24th.12.1814 : Retired temporarily from the Army

During the Hundred Days

  • 05.01st.1815 : Back in the Army, he was nominated Commandement of two regiments of lancers from the National Guard of the Haut-Rhin and the Bas-Rhin, but after having scoffed at Napoleon, he was relieved from his commandement after only 10 days[citation needed]
  • 05.11th.1815 : Sent to Sélestat

During the second Bourbon Restoration

  • 07.06th.1816 : Retired definitely from the Army even if he asked to rejoin the army

Source

  • NDBA - Nouveau Dictionnaire de biographie alsacienne

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • François-Joseph d'Offenstein — François Joseph d’Offenstein (* 27. Juli 1760 in Erstein, Elsass; † 27. September 1837, Mouzay im Meuse) war ein aus dem Elsass stammender französischer General der Koalitionskriege. Leben François Joseph Offenstein wurde als Sohn des Fleischers… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • François-Joseph d’Offenstein — François Joseph Freiherr von Offenstein (* 27. Juli 1760 in Erstein, Elsass; † 27. September 1837, Mouzay im Meuse) war ein aus dem Elsass stammender französischer General der Koalitionskriege. Leben François Joseph Offenstein wurde als Sohn des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francois-Joseph d'Offenstein — François Joseph d Offenstein François Joseph Offenstein Naissance 27 juillet 1760 Erstein, Alsace, France Décès 27 septembre 1837 (à 77 ans) Mouzay, Meuse, France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François-Joseph D'Offenstein — François Joseph Offenstein Naissance 27 juillet 1760 Erstein, Alsace, France Décès 27 septembre 1837 (à 77 ans) Mouzay, Meuse, France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François-joseph d'offenstein — François Joseph Offenstein Naissance 27 juillet 1760 Erstein, Alsace, France Décès 27 septembre 1837 (à 77 ans) Mouzay, Meuse, France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François-Joseph d'Offenstein — François Joseph Offenstein Naissance 27 juillet 1760 Erstein, Alsace, France Décès 27 septembre 1837 (à 77 ans) Mouzay, Meuse, France Origine Français, Alsacien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francois-Joseph Offenstein — François Joseph d Offenstein François Joseph Offenstein Naissance 27 juillet 1760 Erstein, Alsace, France Décès 27 septembre 1837 (à 77 ans) Mouzay, Meuse, France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François-Joseph Offenstein — François Joseph d Offenstein François Joseph Offenstein Naissance 27 juillet 1760 Erstein, Alsace, France Décès 27 septembre 1837 (à 77 ans) Mouzay, Meuse, France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François-Joseph — is a given name, and may refer to:* François Joseph Bélanger (1744 1818), French architect and decorator * François Joseph Bressani (1612 1672), Jesuit priest * François Joseph d Offenstein (1760 1837), French general and military commander *… …   Wikipedia

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