- Kazan Operation
Infobox Military Conflict
Red Armymarching in Kazan after the victory
Russian Civil War
Kazan, Soviet Russia
5 September 1918– 10 September 1918
Red Latvian Riflemen
population of Kazan [ru icon [http://www.russia-talk.com/latyshi.htm#t14 Латышские Стрелки:СРАЖЕНИЕ ЗА КАЗАНЬ] ]
P. A. Stepanov
Kazan Operation was a
Red Army's offensive against Czechoslovak Legionand KomUchPeople's Army during Russian Civil Waron 5–10 September 1918.
In August, 1918, Czechoslovak Legion occupied
Kazan. Bolshevik forces were defeated and dispersed in Kazan's neighborhood. Whites shot the rest of Bolsheviks in the city.
At the beginning of the operation, the Reds' disposition as follows. To the west of Kazan: 5th Army of the Eastern Front under
Peter Slaven, Volga Flotillaunder Fyodor Raskolnikov; to the east of Kazan: Arskgroup of the 2nd Army under Woldemar Azin. They opposed Czechoslovak legion and KomUch People's Army under A. P. Stepanov.
On September 7, the Right Bank Group of the 5th Army with the flotilla's backing reached the bank of Volga and shelled Kazan from the commanding eminence Oslan Hill. The Left Bank Group reached the mouth of the
Kazanka River. That day Arsk Group took Kinderle and Klyki villages to the east of Kazan. On September 9, sailors and landed marksmen under Nikolay Markintook the beachhead at the western part of Kazan. At that day the Left Bank Group and Arsk Group joined and took Kazan into the partly siege. September 10, after the storm from three directions Kazan was finally took under the Red control. [TES| Qazannı azat utü operasiäse/Казаны азат итү операциясе]
The majority of Whites were managed to sail away by the Volga. Before the Czechoslovak offensive Bolsheviks tried to evacuate the gold reserves, that were kept in
Kazan Bank, but due the fast offensive of Czechoslovaks they hadn't time to do it. However, Whites drove away the gold reserves and they disappeared. The route of the gold has been a matter of much research and speculation.
References and notes
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