Kazan Operation


Kazan Operation

Infobox Military Conflict


caption=The Red Army marching in Kazan after the victory
conflict=Kazan Operation
partof=Russian Civil War
place=Kazan, Soviet Russia
date= 5 September 191810 September 1918
result=Decisive Red Army victory
combatant1= Red Army
*Red Latvian Riflemen
combatant2= White Army
*KomUch People's Army
*Czechoslovak Legion
population of Kazan [ru icon [http://www.russia-talk.com/latyshi.htm#t14 Латышские Стрелки:СРАЖЕНИЕ ЗА КАЗАНЬ] ]
commander1=Peter Slaven
Fyodor Raskolnikov
Woldemar Azin
Nikolay Markin
commander2=P. A. Stepanov
Josef Švec
casualties1=unknown
casualties2=unknown|

Kazan Operation was a Red Army's offensive against Czechoslovak Legion and KomUch People's Army during Russian Civil War on 5–10 September 1918.

In August, 1918, Czechoslovak Legion occupied Kazan. Bolshevik forces were defeated and dispersed in Kazan's neighborhood. Whites shot the rest of Bolsheviks in the city.

At the beginning of the operation, the Reds' disposition as follows. To the west of Kazan: 5th Army of the Eastern Front under Peter Slaven, Volga Flotilla under Fyodor Raskolnikov; to the east of Kazan: Arsk group of the 2nd Army under Woldemar Azin. They opposed Czechoslovak legion and KomUch People's Army under A. P. Stepanov.

On September 7, the Right Bank Group of the 5th Army with the flotilla's backing reached the bank of Volga and shelled Kazan from the commanding eminence Oslan Hill. The Left Bank Group reached the mouth of the Kazanka River. That day Arsk Group took Kinderle and Klyki villages to the east of Kazan. On September 9, sailors and landed marksmen under Nikolay Markin took the beachhead at the western part of Kazan. At that day the Left Bank Group and Arsk Group joined and took Kazan into the partly siege. September 10, after the storm from three directions Kazan was finally took under the Red control. [TES| Qazannı azat utü operasiäse/Казаны азат итү операциясе]

The majority of Whites were managed to sail away by the Volga. Before the Czechoslovak offensive Bolsheviks tried to evacuate the gold reserves, that were kept in Kazan Bank, but due the fast offensive of Czechoslovaks they hadn't time to do it. However, Whites drove away the gold reserves and they disappeared. The route of the gold has been a matter of much research and speculation.

References and notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kazan — This article is about the capital city of Tatarstan. For other uses, see Kazan (disambiguation). Kazan (English) Казань (Russian) Казан …   Wikipedia

  • Kazan Metro — Infobox Public transit name = Kazan Metro Казанский метрополитен Kazansky metropoliten Казан метрополитены Qazan Metropolitenı imagesize = 200px locale = Kazan transit type = Rapid transit began operation = 2005 ended operation = system length =… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Kazan — The Battle of Kazan may refer to the following: # Various battles during Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria # Various battles of the Russo Kazan Wars # Siege of Kazan (1552), the final battle of the Russo Kazan Wars # Battle of Kazan (1774) as a… …   Wikipedia

  • Fedor Raskolnikov — [ Yury Artsybushev ] Fedor Raskolnikov ( ru. Фёдор Фёдорович Раскольников, Fyodor Fyodorovich Raskol nikov, real name Fyodor Ilyin ru. Фёдор Ильин) (28 January 1892, Saint Petersburg, Russia 12 September 1939, Nice, France) Zalessky K.A. Stalin… …   Wikipedia

  • Flotilla — José de Bustamante y Guerra s flotilla is intercepted by four British frigates A flotilla (from Spanish, meaning a small flota (fleet) of ships, and this f …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • List of minor characters in Judge Dredd — This is a list of minor characters in the British comic strip Judge Dredd appearing in 2000 AD, Judge Dredd Megazine and related publications. They are listed alphabetically by surname, in categories. Contents 1 Judges of Mega City One 1.1 …   Wikipedia

  • japan — japanner, n. /jeuh pan /, n., adj., v., japanned, japanning. n. 1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other surfaces. 2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner. 3. Japans,… …   Universalium

  • Japan — /jeuh pan /, n. 1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 125,716,637; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon. 2. Sea of, the… …   Universalium

  • Nikolai Lobachevsky — Portrait by Lev Kryukov (c.1843) Born December 1, 1792 Nizhny Novgoro …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.