- Richard Sheepshanks
Richard Sheepshanks (born
30 July 1794in Leeds- died 4 August 1855) was an English astronomer.
He graduated from Trinity College of Cambridge University in 1816. He was called to the bar in 1824 and took orders in
Church of Englandin 1825, but did not practice either profession because the death of his father, a textilemanufacturer, left him with sufficient wealth to pursue his scientific interests.
He served as editor of "
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society" and greatly improved their content.
In 1832, he got involved in the lawsuit of
Edward Troughtonagainst Sir James South, in which Troughton demanded payment for an equatorial mounting that he had supplied to South, but which South claimed to be defective. Sheepshanks informally served as legal counsel to Troughton; South's legal counsel was Drinkwater Bethune. Troughton prevailed in the lawsuit.
In 1833, he recommended withholding publication of an early edition of
Stephen Groombridge's star catalogue, which was being published posthumously, after discovering the edition contained errors. A final corrected edition was later published in 1838 under the auspices of George Biddell Airy.
In his later career he worked on establishing a standard of length for
He was deeply skeptical of the work of
Charles Babbageand of his ability to deliver a working Difference Engineor Analytical Engine. The two men publicly attacked each other.
He suffered a stroke ("apoplexy") on
29 July 1855and he died on 4 August. There is a memorial notice at St. John's Church, Biltonin Harrogate[http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/ENG-YKS-HARROGATE/2003-06/1055190687] , however he is buried at Trinity College.
After his death, Richard's sister Anne Sheepshanks (1789–1876) contributed a legacy to the
observatoryat Cambridge. This fund was used to purchase a modern photographic telescopeat the observatory, which was named in her honor. The Sheepshanks crater on the Moonis also named after her, one of the few lunar craters with a female eponym.
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=21628&pt=Richard%20Sheepshanks Information on Sheepshanks's grave]
* [http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/MNRAS/0016//0000090.000.html MNRAS 16 (1856) 90, obituary]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Richard Redgrave — RA (30 April 1804 14 December 1888) was an English artist.Early lifeRedgrave was born in Pimlico in 1804. CareerHe worked at first as a designer. He became a student in the Royal Academy Schools in 1826, and was elected an Associate in 1840 and… … Wikipedia
Ernest Sheepshanks — Ernest Richard Sheepshanks was a first class cricketer who played one match for Yorkshire County Cricket Club in 1929. A right handed batsman, he scored 26 in his only innings against [Cambridge University. After following on, Cambridge scored… … Wikipedia
John Sheepshanks — (1787 1863), British manufacturer and art collector, was born in Leeds, and became a partner in his father s business as a cloth manufacturer.His brother Richard (1794 1855) was a distinguished astronomer and man of science, whose collection of… … Wikipedia
Кембриджская обсерватория — Купол с 91 см рефлектором Оригинал названия Cambridge Observatory Тип астрономическая обсерватория … Википедия
List of astronomers — Famous astronomers and astrophysicists include: NOTOC A*Marc Aaronson (USA, 1950 ndash; 1987) *George Ogden Abell (USA, 1927 ndash; 1983) *Antonio Abetti (Italy, 1846 ndash; 1928) *Giorgio Abetti (Italy, 1882 ndash; 1982) *Charles Greeley Abbot… … Wikipedia
Walter Sickert — Sickert was a cosmopolitan and eccentric who favoured ordinary people and urban scenes as his subjects. Life and workWalter Sickert s father, Oswald Sickert, was a Danish German artist [ [http://www.fada.com/browse by artist.html?gallery no=30… … Wikipedia
Walter Sickert — Walter Sickert photographié en 1911 Nom de naissance Walter Richard Sickert Naissance … Wikipédia en Français
Walter Sickert (peintre) — Walter Sickert Walter Sickert photographié en 1911 Nom de naissance … Wikipédia en Français
Edward Troughton — (October 1753 ndash; June 12 1835) was a British instrument maker born in Corney, Cumberland who was notable for making telescopes and other astronomical instruments.In 1779 he became a partner with his brother John, and soon established himself… … Wikipedia
Helena Swanwick — Helena Lucy Maria Swanwick CH (1864 ndash; 1939) was a British feminist and pacifist.As a schoolgirl, she read On the Subjection of Women by John Stuart Mill, which influenced her to become a feminist. She was educated at Girton College,… … Wikipedia