Materials database


Materials database

A materials database is a database used to store experimental, standards or design data for materials in such a way that they can be retrieved efficiently by humans or computer programs.[1]

Contents

Background

Fast access and exchange of materials data between research, design and manufacturing teams working on different sites worldwide, is a challenging issue to be addressed during the product cycle in materials engineering. Another important issue is safeguarding high investments made into materials research, meaning that experimental data must be properly conserved, easily be located and quickly be retrieved. Materials databases (MDBs) are powerful tools to address these problems.[1]

The development of factual materials databases began significantly in the 1980s with a leading standardisation role being taken by CODATA, ASTM E49 and the British Standards i.e. BSI AMT4/-/6.

Different types

Various categories of MDBs exist for different requirements, for example containing standards data on metallic alloys and plastics or more complex database applications needed for design analysis. MDBs are basic elements for establishing knowledge based and expert systems .

Web enabled

With the emergence of the Internet, the capability of MDBs increased. Web-enabled MDBs provide a more centralized management and conservation of Materials data. Finding and accessing the required data is faster than to search for them in a traditional manner, e.g. from handbooks or Microsoft Excel files. In particular the dissemination of public research results has improved, as the data are accessible over the World Wide Web. However, only a few web-enabled materials applications exist at present on the market. Examples are:

  • the Materials databases] of NIMS (National Institute for Materials Science) in Japan offers materials data.[2]
  • Matweb is a freely accessible online database with technical data sheets for over 69,000 materials.[3]
  • IDES provides a free online database with access to 75,000 data sheets on plastics[4]

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Materials and Structures —   Discipline …   Wikipedia

  • Materials data management — Materials data is a critical resource for manufacturing organizations seeking to enhance products, processes and, ultimately, profitability. This data describes the properties and processing of the materials that these organization uses metals,… …   Wikipedia

  • database — noun catalogue, computer base of information, computer file, computer storage, memory Generally:{{}}cyberspace, record, records, registry Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Materials Science Citation Index — The Materials Science Citation Index is a citation index, established in 1992, by Thomson ISI (Thomson Reuters). Its overall focus is cited reference searching of the notable and significant journal literature in materials science. The database… …   Wikipedia

  • Database right — Intellectual property law Primary rights Copyright · authors rights  …   Wikipedia

  • database — /day teuh bays /, n. 1. a comprehensive collection of related data organized for convenient access, generally in a computer. 2. See data bank. Also, data base, data base. [1965 70; DATA + BASE1] * * * Collection of data or information organized… …   Universalium

  • Materials science — Simulation of the outside of the Space Shuttle as it heats up to over 1,500 °C (2,730 °F) during re entry into the Earth s atmosphere Materials science is an interdisciplinary field applying the properties of matter to various areas of… …   Wikipedia

  • Database of Recorded American Music — The Database of Recorded American Music (DRAM) is a continually growing, online resource providing on demand, high quality streaming access to nearly 9,000 essential musical works from 15 record labels, along with their liner notes, album art,… …   Wikipedia

  • Database Directive — European Union directive: Directive 96/9/EC Directive on the legal protection of databases Made by European Parliament Council Made under Ar …   Wikipedia

  • Database (Super Robot Wars) — The Database, also known as The Scribes of Knowledge, are fictional aliens in the Super Robot Wars series. Their only appearance was in Super Robot Wars W, where they were revealed to be the main antagonists.PhysiologyAt first glance, members of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.