Wort


Wort

Wort (IPAEng|wɝt) is the liquid extracted from the mashing process during the brewing of beer or whisky. Wort contains the sugars that will be fermented by the brewing yeast to produce alcohol.

After the barley has sprouted, then halted of sprouting further and has finally become malt, adjuncts are added and it is then ground to grist. The grist is then mashed, that is, mixed with hot water and steeped, a complex and slow heating process that enables enzymes to convert the starch in the malt into sugars. Temperature of the mixture is usually increased to 78°Celsius. At set intervals (notably when the mixture has reached a temperature of 45°C, 62°C and 73°C) ["Abdijbieren. Geestrijk erfgoed" by Jef Van den Steen] , the heating is briefly halted.

At set times, hop is also usually added to the mixture. Hops are generally added to a wort in two parts: the bittering hops are boiled for around an hour to an hour and a half, and the finishing hops are added toward, or after, the end of the boil. Hop cones contain resins, which provide the bittering and take a long boil to extract, and oils, which provide flavor and aroma, but evaporate quickly. Generally speaking, hops provide the most flavoring when boiled for around 15 minutes, and the most aroma when not boiled at all (i.e., added "after" the boil, a process called dry hopping.)At the end of the mashing, the hot wort is decanted or filtered, boiled, cooled, and the yeast is added to start the fermentation.

The grains known as adjuncts which may be added to the malted barley include wheat, corn, and rice. They are used to create varietal beers such as wheat beer and oatmeal stout, to create grain whisky, or to lighten the body (and cut costs) as in American-style lagers.

Naming

In beer making, the wort is known as "sweet wort" until the hops have been added, after which it is then called "hopped wort."

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wort — Wort, n. [OE. worte, wurte, AS. wyrte; akin to OD. wort, G. w[ u]rze, bierw[ u]rze, Icel. virtr, Sw. v[ o]rt. See {Wort} an herb.] An infusion of malt which is unfermented, or is in the act of fermentation; the sweet infusion of malt, which… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Wort — Wort, n. [OE. wort, wurt, AS. wyrt herb, root; akin to OS. wurt, G. wurz, Icel. jurt, urt, Dan. urt, Sw. [ o]rt, Goth. wa[ u]rts a root, L. radix, Gr. ? a root, ? a branch, young shoot, ? a branch, and E. root, n. Cf. {Licorice}, {Orchard},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Wort — Sn std. (8. Jh.), mhd. wort, ahd. wort, as. word Stammwort. Aus g. * wurda n. Wort , auch in gt. waurd, anord. orđ, ae. word, afr. word. Dieses aus ig. (w./oeur.) * werdho n. Wort , auch in l. verbum, apreuß. wirds m., lit. var͂das Name .… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Wort — Wort: Das gemeingerm. Substantiv mhd., ahd. wort, got. waúrd, engl. word, schwed. ord ist z. B. verwandt mit lat. verbum »Wort« (↑ Verb) und lit. var̃das »Name« und gehört mit diesen zu der idg. Wurzel *u̯er »feierlich sprechen, sagen« (vgl.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Wort — [Basiswortschatz (Rating 1 1500)] Bsp.: • Er las die Zeilen Wort für Wort. • Was ist das Wort auf Englisch? • Weißt du, wie dieses Wort auf Englisch heißt? …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Wört — Wört …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wort — Le wort est un liquide à forte teneur en sucre qui a été obtenu par le mélange d eau chaude et d orge malté dans un mash tun. Ce liquide est transféré du mash tun vers le fermenting vat ou washback. On y ajoute une levure et débute alors le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • wort — (n.) a plant, O.E. wyrt root, herb, from P.Gmc. *wurtiz (Cf. O.S. wurt, O.N., Dan. urt, O.H.G. wurz plant, herb, Ger. Wurz, Goth. waurts, O.N. rot root ), from PIE root *wrad twig …   Etymology dictionary

  • Wort — Wort, 1) (in der Mehrzahl Wörter, wenn sie nur in der Vereinzelung, als Theile der Sprache, hingegen Worte, wenn sie im Zusammenhang als Theile der Rede in Betracht kommen, z.B. zweisylbige Wörter, durchdachte Worte), ein Sprachlaut od.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Wort — Wort, Verein von Sprachlauten oder einzelner Sprachlaut, der eine Vorstellung, Empfindung oder einen Begriff ausdrückt. Jedes W. besteht aus so viel Teilen oder Silben, als Exspirationsstöße zu seiner Hervorbringung erforderlich sind, und jede… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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