Beer garden


Beer garden

Beer garden derieves from the German name "Biergarten" and is an open-air area where beverages, (preferably beer), and prepared food are served. It is usually attached to a drinking establishment such as a public house or a German beer hall, which in places such as Munich may serve large numbers of customers.

History

Beer gardens in Germany developed in Bavaria in the 19th century, during which dark lager beer was predominant. According to a decree by King Ludwig I, this had to be brewed during the cold months, since the fermentation had to take place at temperatures between four and eight degrees Celsius. In order to provide this beer during the summer, large breweries dug beer cellars in the banks of the river Isar, which allowed them to keep the beer cool. In order to further reduce the cellar temperature, the banks were covered in gravel and chestnut trees were planted, since their leaves provided good shade in summer. An example of the cellar architecture can still be seen at [http://www.augustinerkeller.de Augustiner Bierkeller] .

Soon after, the beer cellars were used not only to store but also to serve the beer. Simple tables and benches were set up among the trees, and soon the beer gardens were a popular venue for the citizens of Munich. This aggrieved the smaller breweries that remained in Munich. In order to prevent the further loss of customers, they petitioned Ludwig I to forbid that the beer cellars surrounding Munich to serve food. Thus, the patrons were allowed to bring their own food.

This decree is no longer in force, and many beer gardens do serve food today. But according to the "Bayerische Biergartenverordnung" (Bavarian beer garden decree) beer gardens still have to allow their patrons to bring their own food.Moreover it is common to people, that they are allowed to bring their own food to a "Biergarten". The Innkeeper accepts this.

The latter beer gardens are called "traditional beer gardens". In summer, these can be a convenient way of eating out under chestnut trees in the shade, avoiding restaurants in the upscale city of Munich and Bavaria. They have become an important part of life for many citizens. The "Biergärten" in Bavaria usually serve common Bavarian cuisine as "Radi" (Radish), "Brezen", and "Obatzda". If one chooses to buy food on site, another classic are "Hoibe Hendl" (half a grilled chicken), "Hax'n" (knuckle of pork) or "Steckerlfisch" (grilled fish).

The largest traditional beer garden in the world is the Hirschgarten in Munich (8000 seats), still offering a small deer park.

Beer gardens around the world

Many countries around the world have drinking establishments with an attached beer garden.

Austria

In Austria, the beer garden is called "Gastgarten" (guest garden).They serve food such as "a Badl Wiaschtl" (a pair of the German Bratwurst) or "a Bradl" (German pot roasted pork Schweinebraten). When ordering beer the choices are usually a "Piff "(0.2 liter), a "Seital" (0.3 liter), a "Hoibe" (1/2 liter), a "Moss" (1 liter) or a "Doppölita" (2 liters). Some beer gardens also serve special five liter bottles even so they are rarely used.

Japan

In Japan, outdoor beer gardens are enjoying increasing popularity, with many found on the roofs of department stores.

United States of America

In the United States one of the earliest, and most popular, beer gardens was Castle Garden at The Battery on the southern tip of Manhattan Island in New York City. It had previously been a fort, and subsequently became a theater, the first immigration station (predating Ellis Island), a very popular public aquarium, and finally a national monument.

ee also

* Public house
* Schanigarten

External links

* [http://www.viewlondon.co.uk/Bars-For-Outdoor-Drinking-recommended-london.html London beer gardens]
* [http://www.nymag.com/nymetro/food/topfive/n_8924/ New York beer gardens]
* [http://www.dafkurse.de/lernwelt/jahresfreuden/biergarten/biergarten5.htm Munich beer gardens]
* [http://www.dafkurse.de/lernwelt/jahresfreuden/biergarten/biergarten.htm Web Online Exercise about Beer gardens]
* [http://www.bzzrgarden.com/ UBC Bzzr (Beer) Gardens]
* [http://jasgp.org/content/view/671/179/ The Japanese Beer Garden] - Article
* [http://islandwoo.com/2008/06/30/enjoy-summer-at-the-bohemian-beer-garden-in-astoria-queens/ Bohemian Beer Garden in Astoria Queens]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • beer garden — beer ,garden noun count MAINLY BRITISH an area outside a bar where people can sit at tables and drink …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • beer garden — noun tavern with an outdoor area (usually resembling a garden) where beer and other alcoholic drinks are served • Hypernyms: ↑tavern, ↑tap house * * * ˈbeer garden 7 [beer garden beer gardens] noun an outdoor area at a pub or b …   Useful english dictionary

  • beer garden — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms beer garden : singular beer garden plural beer gardens an area outside a pub where people can sit at tables and drink …   English dictionary

  • Beer\ garden — A bar, or any other place that serves alcohol. Used in Western PA. I ll meet you at the new beer garden on 1st Street and we can have a cold one. I was the designated driver when we left the beer garden last night, because I was the only one… …   Dictionary of american slang

  • Beer\ garden — A bar, or any other place that serves alcohol. Used in Western PA. I ll meet you at the new beer garden on 1st Street and we can have a cold one. I was the designated driver when we left the beer garden last night, because I was the only one… …   Dictionary of american slang

  • beer garden — beer′ gar den n. an outdoor tavern where beer and other alcoholic beverages are served • Etymology: 1860–65 …   From formal English to slang

  • beer garden — noun a garden attached to a pub, where beer is served …   English new terms dictionary

  • beer garden — Synonyms and related words: alehouse, bar, barrel house, barroom, beer hall, beer parlor, bistro, blind tiger, cabaret, cafe, cocktail lounge, dive, dramshop, drinking saloon, gin mill, groggery, grogshop, honky tonk, local, nightclub, pothouse,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • beer garden — an outdoor tavern where beer and other alcoholic beverages are served. [1860 65] * * * …   Universalium

  • beer garden — n. tavern, alehouse, outdoor establishment that serves beer and alcohol …   English contemporary dictionary


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