- Bosniaks of Serbia
Bosniaksare an ethnic group in Serbia. Locally called Sandžaklije.
According to the last census from 2002, the total number of Bosniaks in Serbia was 136,087 and they comprised 1.82% of population. Bosniaks are the fourth largest ethnic group in the country, after
Serbs, Albaniansand Hungarians.
Bosniaks primarily live in south-western Serbia, in the area called
Sandžakand they form majority in three municipalities: Novi Pazar(76.28%), Tutin(94.23%), and Sjenica(73.34%). The town of Novi Pazar is a cultural and political centre of the Bosniaks in Serbia. The territory of Sandžak is divided between Serbiaand Montenegro. Bosniaks make up the majority in the eastern part of the Sandžak region that belong to Serbia, while western part is populated mainly by Serbs. Many Bosniaks from the Sandžak area left after the fall of the Ottoman Empire to continental Turkey. Over the years a large number of Bosniaks from the Sandžak region left to other countries, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turkey, Germany, Sweden, United States, Canada, etc. Today, many Bosniaks have retained their identity and culture.
Two thirds of Sandžak
BosniaksFact|date=August 2007 trace their ancestry to the regions of MontenegroproperFact|date=August 2007, which they started departing first in 1687, after Turkeylost Boka Kotorska. The trend continued in Old Montenegroafter 1711 with the extermination of converts to Islam(“istraga poturica”). Another contributing factor that spurred migration to Sandžak from the Old Montenegrowas the fact that the old Orthodoxpopulation of Sandžak moved towards Serbiaand Habsburg Monarchy( Vojvodina) in two waves, first after 1687, and then, after 1740, basically leaving Sandžak depopulated. The advance of increasingly stronger ethnic Serbsof MontenegroFact|date=August 2007 caused additional resettlements out of Montenegro properin 1858 and 1878, when, upon Treaty of Berlin, Montenegrowas recognized as an independent state. While only 20 Bosniak families remained in Nikšićafter 1878, the towns like Kolašin, Spuž, Grahovo, and others, completely lost their Bosniak population.
The last segment of Sandžak
Bosniaksarrived from a couple of other places. Naturally, there was a continuous intermingling with the members of the local Turkish administration and military.Fact|date=August 2007 Some of Bosniakscame from Slavoniaafter 1687, when Turkeylost all the lands north of Savain the Austro-Turkish war. Many more came from Herzegovinain the post-1876 period, after the Herzegovina Rebellionstaged by the Serbsagainst Austro-Hungaryand their Muslimsubjects. Another wave followed immediately thereafter from both Bosnia and Herzegovina, as the Treaty of Berlinplaced Bosnia under the effective control of Austria-Hungaryin 1878. The last wave from Bosnia followed in 1908, when Austria-Hungaryofficially annexed Bosnia, thereby cutting off all direct ties of Bosnian Muslimsto the Sublime Porte, their effective protector.
The main Bosniak party in Bosniak dominated areas in the Balkans is the
Party of Democratic Action(SDA) Party. The SDA Party originated in Bosnia and Herzegovinabut has other affiliated parties in Croatia, Serbia (Sandžak), Kosovo, and the United States. In the Sandžak region two main parties that represents the Bosniak population are Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak led by Sulejman Ugljaninand Sandžak Democratic Partyled by Rasim Ljajić. Other parties that represents the Bosniak population include Social Liberal Party of Sandžakled by Bajram Omeragić, Bosniak Democratic Party of Sandžakof Esad Džudžević, Reformist Party of Sandžakof Zekirija Dugopoljac, Nail Džemić's Social Democratic Party of Sandžakand Fevzija Murić's Party for Sandžak(modeled after the Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina). There are also tiny parties such as the Bosniac Democrat Alliance and the National Movement of Sandzak.
Sulejman Ugljaninhas gathered a large Coalition under the flag of SDA (together with BDSS, the Social Democrats, the Reformists and the Social Liberals) - " List for Sandžak", that ran on the 21s January 2007 parliamentary election. The opposing SDP will go on the list of Boris Tadić's Democratic Party, which is supported by the Party for Sandžak.
As per the election results published by the RIK, the List for Sandzak won 33,823 votes and 2 seats within the parliament. According to the agreement, the two previous MPs, Bajram Omeragić (SLPS) and Esad Dzudzevic (BDSS) will keep the posts). LzS announced that they will support a government of the so-called democratic bloc, and formed a List together with the
Alliance of Vojvodina Hungariansin the National Assembly of Serbia, which's Vice-President is Esad Džudžević.
After the Democratic Party won almost million votes, Ljajić's SDP got 3 of its 64 seats within the
National Assembly of Serbiaas per the agreement (Mujo Muković, Munir Poturak and Meho Omerović). SDP will receive one Ministry and hold three deputy ministers in the new Serbian government, as well as control embassies to the Islamic world.
Bosniaks are primarily
Muslim, although some are nonpracticing Muslims and call themselves atheists.
Bosniaks of Montenegro
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Islam in Serbia
* [http://www.sanjak.org/ Sandžak information] Language icon|bs/en/fr/de/tr|Bosnian, English, French, German & Turkish
* [http://www.bosniak.org/06/ Congress of North American Bosniaks] Language icon|bs/en/fr|Bosnian, English & French
* [http://www.sandzaknews.com/ News from Sandžak]
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