- George Albert Boulenger
George Albert Boulenger (born
Brussels, Belgium, October 19, 1858; died Saint Malo, France, November 23, 1937) was a Belgian-British zoologist.Watson, D. M. S. (1940) George Albert Boulenger. 1858-1937. Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 3(8):13-17.]
Boulenger was the only son of Gustave Boulenger, a Belgian public notary, and Juliette Piérart de Valenciennes. He graduated in 1876 from the Free University in Brussels with a degree in natural sciences and worked for a while at the Museum of Natural History of Brussels as an assistant naturalist studying amphibians,
reptiles, and fishes. He also made frequent visits during this time to the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturellein Parisand the British Museumin London.
In 1880, he was invited to work at the
Natural History Museum, then a department of the British Museum, by Dr. Albert C. L. G. Güntherand assigned to the task of cataloguing the amphibians in the collection. His position in the British Museum meant that he had to be a civil servant of the British Empire, and so became a naturalized British subject. In 1882 he became a first-class assistant in the Department of Zoology and remained in that position until his retirement in 1920.
After his retirement from the British Museum, Boulenger studied
roses and published 34 papers on botanical subjects and two volumes on the roses of Europe.
According to biographical accounts, he was incredibly methodical and had an amazing memory that enabled him to remember every specimen and scientific name he ever saw. He also had extraordinary powers of writing and seldom made a second draft of anything he wrote and his manuscripts showed but few corrections before going to the publisher.
Boulenger also played the
violin, could speak French, German and English apart from reading Spanish, Italian and a bit of Russian. As a zoologist, he also had a working knowledge of both Greek and Latin.
By 1921, Boulenger had published 875 papers totaling more than 5,000 pages, as well as 19 monographs on fishes, amphibians, and reptiles. The list of his publications and its index of species covers 77 printed pages.
He described 1,096 species of fish, 556 species of amphibians, and 872 species of reptiles. He was famous for his monographs on amphibians,
lizards and other reptiles and fishes as well as for his monographs on the fishes of Africa.
He was a member of the American Society of Ichthyologists ( 1935) and Herpetologists elected him as its first honorary member, and in 1937, Belgium conferred him the Order of Léopold, the highest honor awarded to a civilian.
He was an expert on African freshwater fishes despite never having been to Africa. He is responsible for the scientific name for Spotted Tilapia: "Tilapia mariae".
Work on cave dwelling fishes
In 1897 King
Léopold II of Belgiumstarted to recruit naturalists to help create the Congo museum. Boulenger was named chairman for this commission.
His main discovery in 1921 was a strange fish from Congo. It was eyeless and lacked pigmentation. He recognized it as new and unrelated to any extant epigean (eyed, surface) species of Africa. He wrote a brief paper describing this new species of cave fish, the first ever described from Africa. He called it "Caecobarbus geertsii", from "caeco" = blind, "barbus" = barb, and "geertsii", honoring a mysterious person, M. Geerts, who provided him with the specimen. Today it is known as the Congo or African blind barb. This was published in "Nature."
* [http://www.clt.astate.edu/aromero/new_page_24.htm Boulenger ] at www.clt.astate.edu
* [http://www.archive.org/details/TheFaunaOfBritishIndiaReptiliaAndBatrachia Scanned version of Fauna of British India. Reptilia and amphibia volume by Boulenger]
* [http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupid?key=olbp12575 "The Snakes of Europe" online text]
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George Albert Boulenger — Nacimiento 19 de octubre de 1858 Bruselas, Bélgica … Wikipedia Español
George Albert Boulenger — George Boulenger. George Albert Boulenger (* 19. Oktober 1858 in Brüssel, Belgien; † 23. November 1937 in Saint Malo, Frankreich) war ein britischer Zoologe und Ichthyologe … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Albert Boulenger — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boulenger (homonymie). George Boulenger … Wikipédia en Français
George Albert — may refer to:* George Albert, Prince of Schwarzburg Rudolstadt (1838 1890), penultimate sovereign prince of Schwarzburg Rudolstadt * George Albert Boulenger (1858 1937), British zoologist * George Albert Cairns (1913 1944), English recipient of… … Wikipedia
George Boulenger — George Boulenger. George Albert Boulenger (* 19. Oktober 1858 in Brüssel, Belgien; † 23. November 1937 in Saint Malo, Frankreich) war ein britischer Zoologe und Ichthyologe … Deutsch Wikipedia
Boulenger — ist der Familienname von Edward George Boulenger (1888–1946), britischer Zoologe George Albert Boulenger (1858–1937), belgisch britischer Zoologe Hippolyte Boulenger (1837–1874), belgischer Landschaftsmaler Marcel Jacques Boulenger (1873–1932),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Boulenger (Homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Boulenger peut faire référence à : George Albert Boulenger, herpétologiste et ichtyologiste belge, Marcel Boulenger (1873 1932), romancier français.… … Wikipédia en Français
Albert C. L. G. Günther — Albert Charles Lewis Günther Pour les articles homonymes, voir Günther. Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf Günther. Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf … Wikipédia en Français
Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf Günther — Albert Charles Lewis Günther Pour les articles homonymes, voir Günther. Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf Günther. Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf … Wikipédia en Français
Albert Charles Lewis Gunther — Albert Charles Lewis Günther Pour les articles homonymes, voir Günther. Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf Günther. Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf … Wikipédia en Français