Döner kebab


Döner kebab

Döner kebab (Turkish "döner kebap", literally "turning roast"), is a Turkish national dish made of meat cooked on a vertical spit and sliced off to order. The meat may be lamb, mutton, beef, goat, or chicken. Alternative names include kebab, donair, döner, ντονερ, doner or donner. Döner Kebab is the origin of other similar Mediterranean and Middle Eastern dishes such as shawarma and gyros. A version developed to suit German tastes by Turkish immigrants in Berlin has become one of Germany's most popular fast food dishes, [cite web|url=http://www.welt.de/print-wams/article618487/Kulturgeschichte_der_Doenerbuden.html |title=Kulturgeschichte der Dönerbuden | work=Welt am Sonntag |author=Von Dirk Krampitz |date=2001-12-30|accessdate=2008-09-05] and Turkish emigrants export German döners back into their home country. [cite web|url=http://www.spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/0,1518,453300,00.html |title=Gastronomie: "Mach meinen Döner nicht an!"|language=German |section=Politik|work=Der Spiegel|accessdate=2008-09-05]

History

The original form of today's "döner kebab" is Cağ kebab. The original form is grilled horizontally and the slices are cut thicker, after inserting a special L-shaped "Oltu shish" along the surface. In the 19th century, the modern form was invented in Bursa. This original dish, known as İskender kebap, is still served in many cities of Turkey.

Today, "döner kebab" is typically served with meat, a kind of sandwich in a small "pide" (Turkish pita bread). The "döner kebab" with salad and sauce served in pita, which is predominant in Germany, was invented in Berlin-Kreuzberg in 1971, because the original preparation was not appealing enough to German tastes. The döner has been among the most popular fast food dishes in Germany since the 1980s.Fact|date=May 2007

Preparation of meat for döner kebabs

The meat used for making döner kebabs may be lamb, beef, veal or chicken, and rarely pork. Generally a döner kebab sandwich is served with a salad made from shredded lettuce, tomatoes and onions, often also with cabbage and cucumbers. Usually there is a choice between a hot sauce, a yoghurt sauce containing garlic (tzatziki) and a yoghurt sauce containing herbs. The donairs made in Atlantic (Eastern) Canada are almost always made with a sweetened garlic sauce, and this sauce (called donair sauce) is also used as a dipping sauce for garlic fingers. Most of the kebab vendors in Europe also have French fries which can be served as a side or wrapped with the meat and salad. Some times more varied ingredients are available, such as hummous (chick pea paste), tahini (sesame paste) or Turkish white cheese. Donair pizzas are available in Atlantic Canada as well, and feature donair meat, donair sauce, tomatoes, and onions as toppings.

There are two basic ways of preparing meat for döner kebabs:
* The most common and authentic method is to stack seasoned slices of lean meat onto a vertical skewer in the shape of a cylinder. The stack is cooked by radiant infrared heat from electric elements or gas fired burners. Often, tomatoes, and onions are placed at the top of the stack to drip juices over the meat keeping it moist.
* Some cheaper shops serve a combination of seasoned sliced and ground meat cooked on a grilltop as "döner kebab". In Germany the amount of ground meat is not allowed to surpass 60% ("Berliner Verkehrsauffassung").

Cultural effects

In Europe, the packaging of the Döner itself is typically a wax paper sleeve with an image of a male cook sharpening a knife in front of a large spit.

ee also

* Döner kebab in the world
* Dürüm
* Taco al pastor, a similar dish from Mexico, made from spiced pork and served in a tortilla.
* Gyros

External links

* [http://thechillisource.net The Chilli Source] - reviews of UK kebab shops together with descriptions of the common types.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Doner kebab — Döner kebap Doner meat being sliced from a rotating spit. Note the iron heating plate behind the spit, which is used to cook the meat Origin Place of origin Turkey Region or s …   Wikipedia

  • Döner Kebab — Kebab Un kebab avec du pain pita …   Wikipédia en Français

  • doner kebab — UK [ˌdɒnə(r) kɪˈbæb] US [ˌdoʊnər kəˈbɑb] noun [countable/uncountable] [singular doner kebab plural doner kebabs] british a Middle Eastern meal that consists of flat pieces of cooked lamb , served i …   Useful english dictionary

  • doner kebab — ► NOUN ▪ a Turkish dish consisting of spiced lamb cooked on a spit and served in slices. ORIGIN from Turkish döner rotating and kebap roast meat …   English terms dictionary

  • Döner Kebab — Dönerfleisch am Spieß Döner mit Pide …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Döner kebab — Dönerfleisch am Spieß Döner mit Pide …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • doner kebab — UK [ˌdɒnə(r) kɪˈbæb] / US [ˌdoʊnər kəˈbɑb] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms doner kebab : singular doner kebab plural doner kebabs British a Middle Eastern meal that consists of flat pieces of cooked lamb, served in a pitta bread with… …   English dictionary

  • Döner Kebab — Dö|ner Ke|bạb 〈m.; od. s, od. s; Kochk.〉 türkisches Gericht mit Fleischstückchen, die von einem am senkrechten Drehspieß gegrillten Stück Hammelfleisch abgeschnitten werden; oV Döner Kebap; Sy 〈kurz〉 Döner [<türk. döner kebap „Hammelbraten,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • doner kebab — /ˈdoʊnə kəˌbæb/ (say dohnuh kuh.bab), /ˈdɒnə/ (say donuh) noun a dish consisting of slices of meat, usually lamb, cut from a vertical spit, and served with onion, tomato, etc., usually on Lebanese bread. {modern Turkish, from döner a turning +… …   Australian English dictionary

  • doner kebab — [ dɒnə, dəʊnə] noun a Turkish dish consisting of spiced lamb cooked on a spit and served in slices, typically in pitta bread. Origin from Turk. döner kebap, from döner rotating and kebap roast meat …   English new terms dictionary


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