List of baseball nicknames


List of baseball nicknames

Baseball nicknames have become an integral part of the sport's culture: "In no sport are nicknames more pervasive than baseball."[1] This is a list of nicknames of Major League Baseball teams and players. It includes a complete list of nicknames of players in the Baseball Hall of Fame, a list of nicknames of current players, nicknames of popular players who have played for each major league team, and lists of nicknames grouped into particular categories (e.g., ethnic nicknames, personality trait nicknames etc.). It also includes a list of nicknames of current Major League teams. Sports journalists, broadcasters and fans commonly refer to teams by a wide variety of nicknames. Many of the names are so established that newspapers routinely use the names in headlines.

Contents

Player nicknames

Hall of Fame inductees

     – Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame

Player Career Nickname Ref
Aaron, HankHank Aaron 1954–76 "Hammer," "Hammerin’ Hank" or "Bad Henry" [2]
Alexander, Grover ClevelandGrover Cleveland Alexander 1911–30 "Old Pete" [2]
Alston, WalterWalter Alston 1954–76 "Smokey" [2]
Anderson, SparkySparky Anderson 1970–95 "Sparky" or "Captain Hook" [2]
Anson, CapCap Anson 1871–97 "Cap", "Pop", "Uncle" or "Captain" [2]
Aparicio, LuisLuis Aparicio 1956–73 "Little Louie" [2]
Appling, LukeLuke Appling 1930–50 "Old Aches & Pains", "Luscious Luke", "Fumblefoot" or "Kid Boots" [3]
Ashburn, RichieRichie Ashburn 1948–62 "Putt-Putt" or "Whitey" [2]
Averill, EarlEarl Averill 1929–41 "Rock" or "Earl of Snohomish" [2]
Baker, Home RunHome Run Baker 1908–22 "Home Run" [2]
Bancroft, DaveDave Bancroft 1915–30 "Beauty" [2]
Banks, ErnieErnie Banks 1953–71 "Mr. Cub" [2]
Beckley, JakeJake Beckley 1888–1907 "Eagle Eye" [2]
Bell, Cool PapaCool Papa Bell "Cool Papa" [2]
Bench, JohnnyJohnny Bench 1967–83 "Little General" [2]
Bender, ChiefChief Bender 1903–25 "Chief" [2]
Berra, YogiYogi Berra 1946–65 "Yogi" [2]
Boggs, WadeWade Boggs 1982–99 "Chicken Man" [4]
Bottomley, JimJim Bottomley 1922–37 "Sunny Jim" [2]
Bresnahan, RogerRoger Bresnahan 1897–1915 "The Duke of Tralee" [2]
Brock, LouLou Brock 1961–79 "The Franchise" [5]
Brouthers, DanDan Brouthers 1879–96 "Big Dan" or "Alderman" [2]
Brown, MordecaiMordecai Brown 1903–16 "Three Finger" or "Miner" [2]
Burkett, JesseJesse Burkett 1890–1905 "Crab"
Campanella, RoyRoy Campanella 1948–57 "Campy"
Carey, MaxMax Carey 1910–29 "Scoops"
Carlton, SteveSteve Carlton 1965–88 "Lefty"
Carter, GaryGary Carter 1974–92 "The Kid"
Cepeda, OrlandoOrlando Cepeda 1958–74 "Baby Bull" or "Cha Cha"
Chance, FrankFrank Chance 1898–1914 "Husk," "The Peerless Leader" and part of "Tinker to Evers to Chance"
Chandler, HappyHappy Chandler "Happy"
Chesbro, JackJack Chesbro 1899–1909 "Happy Jack"
Clarke, FredFred Clarke 1897–1915 "Cap"
Clemente, RobertoRoberto Clemente 1955–72 "Arriba" or "Bob"
Cobb, TyTy Cobb 1905–28 "The Georgia Peach"
Cochrane, MickeyMickey Cochrane 1925–37 "Black Mike" or "Mickey"
Collins, EddieEddie Collins 1906–30 "Cocky"
Combs, EarleEarle Combs 1924–35 "The Kentucky Colonel"
Comiskey, CharlieCharlie Comiskey 1882–94 "Commy" or "The Old Roman"
Conlan, JockoJocko Conlan "Jocko"
Coveleski, StanStan Coveleski 1912–28 "Covey"
Crawford, SamSam Crawford 1899–1917 "Wahoo Sam"
Cummings, CandyCandy Cummings 1872–77 "Candy"
Cuyler, KikiKiki Cuyler 1921–38 "Kiki" or "Cuy"
Dean, DizzyDizzy Dean 1930–41 "Diz", "Dizzy" or "The Great Man"
Delahanty, EdEd Delahanty 1888–1903 "Big Ed"
DiMaggio, JoeJoe DiMaggio 1936–51 "The Yankee Clipper" or "Joltin Joe"
Drysdale, DonDon Drysdale 1956–69 "Big D"
Duffy, HughHugh Duffy 1888–1906 "Sir Hugh"
Durocher, LeoLeo Durocher 1925–73 "The Lip" or "Lippy"
Eckersley, DennisDennis Eckersley 1975–98 "The Eck"
Evers, JohnnyJohnny Evers 1902–29 "The Crab" "Trojan" and part of "Tinker to Evers to Chance"
Ewing, BuckBuck Ewing 1880–97 "Buck"
Faber, RedRed Faber 1914–33 "Red"
Feller, BobBob Feller 1936–56 "Rapid Robert" or "The Heater From Van Meter"
Fingers, RollieRollie Fingers 1968–85 "Rollie"
Fisk, CarltonCarlton Fisk 1969–93 "Pudge"
Ford, WhiteyWhitey Ford 1950–67 "Whitey," "The Chairman of the Board," or "Slick""
Foster, RubeRube Foster "Rube"
Fox, NellieNellie Fox 1947–65 "Nellie," "Little Nel," or "The Mighty Mite"'
Foxx, JimmieJimmie Foxx 1925–45 "Beast" or "Double X"
Frisch, FrankieFrankie Frisch 1919–37 "The Fordham Flash"
Galvin, PudPud Galvin 1875–92 "Pud," "Gentle Jeems," or "The Little Steam Engine"
Gehrig, LouLou Gehrig 1923–39 "The Iron Horse or "Buster" or "Biscuit Pants"
Gehringer, CharlieCharlie Gehringer 1924–42 "The Mechanical Man" and one of Detroit's "G-Men"
Gibson, BobBob Gibson 1959–75 "Hoot" or "Gibby"
Gomez, LeftyLefty Gomez 1930–43 "Lefty" or "Goofy"
Goslin, GooseGoose Goslin 1921–38 "Goose" and one of Detroit's "G-Men"
Greenberg, HankHank Greenberg 1930–47 "Hammerin’ Hank" and one of Detroit's "G-Men"
Griffith, ClarkClark Griffith 1901–20 "The Old Fox"
Grimes, BurleighBurleigh Grimes 1916–34 "Ol' Stubblebeard"
Grove, LeftyLefty Grove 1925–41 "Lefty"
Gwynn, TonyTony Gwynn 1982–2001 "Captain Video"
Hafey, ChickChick Hafey 1924–37 "Chick"
Haines, JesseJesse Haines 1918–37 "Pop"
Hamilton, BillyBilly Hamilton 1888–1901 "Sliding Billy"
Hanlon, NedNed Hanlon 1880–1907 "Ned"
Harris, BuckyBucky Harris 1919–56 "Bucky"
Hartnett, GabbyGabby Hartnett 1922–41 "Gabby" or "Old Tomato Face"
Heilmann, HarryHarry Heilmann 1914–32 "Slug"
Hooper, HarryHarry Hooper 1909–25 "Hoop"
Hornsby, RogersRogers Hornsby 1915–37 "Rajah"
Hoyt, WaiteWaite Hoyt 1918–38 "Schoolboy"
Hubbell, CarlCarl Hubbell 1928–43 "King Carl" or "The Meal Ticket"
Hunter, CatfishCatfish Hunter 1965–79 "Catfish"
Irvin, MonteMonte Irvin 1949–56 "Mr. Murder"
Jackson, ReggieReggie Jackson 1967–87 "Mr. October"
Jackson, TravisTravis Jackson 1922–36 "Stonewall"
Jenkins, FergusonFerguson Jenkins 1965–83 "Fly" or "Fergie"
Jennings, HughieHughie Jennings 1891–1924 "Ee-Yah"
Johnson, BanBan Johnson "Ban"
Johnson, WalterWalter Johnson 1907–27 "The Big Train" or "Barney"
Kaline, AlAl Kaline 1953–74 "Salty", "Line", or "Mr. Tiger"
Keefe, TimTim Keefe 1880–93 "Smiling Tim" or "Sir Timothy"
Keeler, WillieWillie Keeler 1892–1910 "Wee Willie" or "Hit 'Em Where They Ain't"
Kelly, GeorgeGeorge Kelly 1915–32 "Highpockets"
Kelly, KingKing Kelly 1878–93 "Honest Joe" or "King"
Killebrew, HarmonHarmon Killebrew 1954–75 "Killer"
Klein, ChuckChuck Klein 1928–44 "The Hoosier Hammerer"
Lajoie, NapNap Lajoie 1896–1916 "Larry" or "Poli" or "Nap"
Lazzeri, TonyTony Lazzeri 1926–39 "Poosh 'Em Up Tony"
Leonard, BuckBuck Leonard "Buck"
Lindstrom, FreddieFreddie Lindstrom 1924–36 "Lindy"
Lloyd, PopPop Lloyd "Pop"
Lombardi, ErnieErnie Lombardi 1931–47 "Bocci" or "Schnozz"
Lyons, TedTed Lyons 1923–46 "Sunday Teddy"
Mack, ConnieConnie Mack 1894–1950 "Connie", "Mr. Baseball", or "The Tall Tactician"
Mantle, MickeyMickey Mantle 1951–68 "The Mick," "The Commerce Comet," or "Muscles"
Manush, HeinieHeinie Manush 1923–39 "Heinie"
Maranville, RabbitRabbit Maranville 1912–35 "Rabbit"
Marichal, JuanJuan Marichal 1960–75 "Manito", "Mar", or "The Dominican Dandy"
Marquard, RubeRube Marquard 1908–25 "Rube"
Mathewson, ChristyChristy Mathewson 1900–16 "Big Six," "Matty," or "The Christian Gentleman"
Mays, WillieWillie Mays 1951–73 "The Say Hey Kid"
Mazeroski, BillBill Mazeroski 1956–72 "Maz"
McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy 1926–50 "Marse Joe"
McCovey, WillieWillie McCovey 1959–80 "Stretch," "Mac," or "Big Mac"
McGinnity, JoeJoe McGinnity 1899–1908 "Iron Man"
McGowan, BillBill McGowan "Little Joe Chest"
McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw 1899–1932 "Little Napoleon" or "Mugsy"
McPhee, BidBid McPhee 1882–99 "Bid"
Medwick, JoeJoe Medwick 1932–48 "Ducky" or "Ducky Wucky"
Mize, JohnnyJohnny Mize 1936–53 "The Big Cat"
Molitor, PaulPaul Molitor 1978–98 "The Ignitor" or "Molly"
Murray, EddieEddie Murray 1977–97 "Steady Eddie"
Musial, StanStan Musial 1941–63 "Stan the Man"
Newhouser, HalHal Newhouser 1939–55 "Prince Hal"
Nichols, KidKid Nichols 1890–1906 "Kid"
Niekro, PhilPhil Niekro 1964–87 "Knucksie"
O'Rourke, JimJim O'Rourke 1872–1904 "Orator Jim"
Ott, MelMel Ott 1926–47 "Master Melvin"
Paige, SatchelSatchel Paige 1948–53 "Satchel"
Palmer, JimJim Palmer 1965–84 "Cakes"
Pennock, HerbHerb Pennock 1912–34 "The Knight of Kennett Square"
Puckett, KirbyKirby Puckett 1984–95 "Puck"
Radbourn, CharlesCharles Radbourn 1881–91 "Old Hoss"
Reese, Pee WeePee Wee Reese 1940–58 "Pee Wee" or "The Little Colonel"
Rickey, BranchBranch Rickey 1905–07, 1913–25 "The Mahatma"
Ripken, Jr, CalCal Ripken, Jr 1981–2001 "Iron Man"
Rixey, EppaEppa Rixey 1912–33 "Jeptha"
Rizzuto, PhilPhil Rizzuto 1941–56 "Scooter"
Robinson, BrooksBrooks Robinson 1955–77 "Hoover" or "The Vacuum Cleaner"
Rogan, BulletBullet Rogan "Bullet"
Ruffing, RedRed Ruffing 1924–47 "Red"
Rusie, AmosAmos Rusie 1889–1901 "The Hoosier Thunderbolt"
Ruth, BabeBabe Ruth 1914–35 "Babe," "The Bambino," "Sultan of Swat" or "Colossus of Clout" [6]
Ryan, NolanNolan Ryan 1966–93 "The Ryan Express"
Sandberg, RyneRyne Sandberg 1981–97 "Ryno"
Schalk, RayRay Schalk 1912–29 "Cracker"
Schmidt, MikeMike Schmidt 1972–89 "Schmidty"
Seaver, TomTom Seaver 1967–86 "Tom Terrific" or "The Franchise"
Simmons, AlAl Simmons 1924–44 "Bucketfoot Al"
Sisler, GeorgeGeorge Sisler 1915–30 "Gorgeous George"
Slaughter, EnosEnos Slaughter 1938–59 "Country"
Smith, OzzieOzzie Smith 1978–96 "The Wizard of Oz" or "The Wizard"
Snider, DukeDuke Snider 1947–64 "The Silver Fox" of "Duke"
Speaker, TrisTris Speaker 1907–28 "Tris," "The Grey Eagle" or "Spoke"
Stargell, WillieWillie Stargell 1962–82 "Pops"
Stearnes, TurkeyTurkey Stearnes "Turkey'"
Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 1912–25, 1934–65 "Casey" and "The Old Perfessor"
Sutton, DonDon Sutton 1966–88 "Black & Decker"
Terry, BillBill Terry 1923–36 "Memphis Bill"
Thompson, SamSam Thompson 1885–98 "Big Sam
Traynor, PiePie Traynor 1920–37 "Pie"
Vance, DazzyDazzy Vance 1915–35 "Dazzy"
Vaughan, ArkyArky Vaughan 1932–48 "Arky"
Waddell, RubeRube Waddell 1897–1910 "Rube"
Wagner, HonusHonus Wagner 1897–1917 "The Flying Dutchman" or "Honus"
Waner, LloydLloyd Waner 1927–45 "Little Poison"
Waner, PaulPaul Waner 1926–45 "Big Poison"
Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver 1968–86 "Doodles"
Wells, WillieWillie Wells "Devil"
Wheat, ZackZack Wheat 1909–27 "Buck"
Williams, BillyBilly Williams 1959–76 "Sweet Swingin' Billy from Whistler"
Wilson, HackHack Wilson 1923–34 "Hack"
Williams, Cyclone JoeCyclone Joe Williams "Smokey Joe" or "Cyclone"
Williams, TedTed Williams 1939–60 "The Splendid Splinter," "Teddy Ballgame," "Thumper," or "Kid"
Wynn, EarlyEarly Wynn 1939–63 "Gus"
Yastrzemski, CarlCarl Yastrzemski 1961–83 "Yaz"
Young, CyCy Young 1890–1911 "Cy" or "Cyclone"
Youngs, RossRoss Youngs 1917–26 "Pep"
Yount, RobinRobin Yount 1974–93 "The Kid"

Player nicknames by team

Atlanta Braves Players Nicknames

Baltimore Orioles Players Nicknames

Boston Red Sox Players Nicknames

  • Oil Can Boyd, Dennis Ray Boyd (1982–91): "Oil Can"
  • Roger Clemens: "The Rocket"
  • Carlton Fisk: "Pudge"
  • Víctor Martínez, Víctor Jesús Martínez (2009–): "V-Mart"
  • Daisuke Matsuzaka "Dice-K"
  • David Ortiz, David Americo (Arias) Ortiz (1997– ): “Big Papi
  • Dustin Pedroia, Dustin Pedroia (2006–present): "The Laser Show"[36]
  • Babe Ruth, George Herman Ruth: “Babe”, “The Bambino”, “Sultan of Swat” "The King of Sting", or "The Colossus of Clout"
  • Ted Williams: “The Splendid Splinter,” “Teddy Ballgame,” “Thumper,” or “Kid
  • Joe Wood (1908–20): "Smokey Joe"
  • Cy Young, Denton True Young: “Cy” or “Cyclone

Chicago Cubs Players Nicknames

  • Cap Anson, Adrian Constantine Anson (1871–97): “Cap” or “Pop” or “Uncle” or “Captain
  • Dusty Baker, Johnnie B. Baker, Jr.: “Dusty
  • Ernie Banks, Ernest Banks (1953–71): “Mr. Cub
  • Mordecai Brown, Mordecai Peter Centennial Brown (1903–16): “Three Finger
  • Andre Dawson: “The Hawk” or "Le Hawk" (in reference to his playing days with the Montreal Expos)
  • Dizzy Dean, Jay Hanna Dean (1930–41): “Diz” or “Dizzy” or “The Great Man

Chicago White Sox Players Nicknames

Cincinnati Reds Players Nicknames

Cleveland Indians Players Nicknames

Colorado Rockies Players Nicknames

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  • Kaz Matsui, Kazuo Matsui (2006–2007): "Kaz" or "Kaz Mat"
  • Steve Reed, Steven Vincent Reed (1992–2005): "Father Time"[54]
  • Troy Tulowitzki: Troy Trevor Tulowitzki (2006–): "Tulo"
  • Larry Walker, Larry Kenneth Robert Walker (1989–2005): "Booger" or "The Canadian Clubber"[55]

Detroit Tigers Player Nicknames

Detroit Tigers 1990 to Present
Detroit Tigers 1960–1989
Detroit Tigers 1930–1959
Detroit Tigers 1901–1929
Detroit Wolverines Nicknames (1881–1888)
  • Lady Baldwin, Charles B. Baldwin (pitcher, 1885–1888): "Lady"
  • Fatty Briody, Charles F. Briody : "Fatty"
  • Count Campau, Charles Columbus Campau (outfield, 1888): "Count"
  • Chub Collins, Charles Augustus Collins (shortstop, 1885): "Chubb"
  • Ned Hanlon, Edward Hugh Hanlon (outfield, 1881–1888): "Ned"
  • Deacon McGuire James Thomas McGuire (catcher, 1885, 1888, 1902–1903, 1912): "Deacon"
  • Mox McQuery, William Thomas McQuery (1st base, 1885): "Mox"
  • Parson Nicholson, Thomas C. Nicholson (2nd base, 1888): "Parson"
  • Hardy Richardson, Abram Harding Richardson (outfield, 2nd base 1886–1888): "Hardy" and "Old True Blue"
  • Yank Robinson, William H. Robinson (shortstop, 1882): "Yank"
  • Dupee Shaw, Frederick Lander Shaw (pitcher, 1883–1884): "Dupee"
  • Phenomenal Smith, John Francis Smith (pitcher, 1886): "Phenomenal"
  • Dasher Troy, John Joseph Troy (infield, 1881–1882): "Dasher"
  • Deacon White, James Laurie White (3rd base, 1886–1888): "Deacon"
  • Stump Wiedman, George Edward Wiedman (pitcher, 1881–1885, 1887): "Stump"
  • Chief Zimmer, Charles Louis Zimmer (catcher, outfield 1884): "Chief

Florida Marlins Players Nicknames

Houston Astros Players Nicknames

Kansas City Royals Players Nicknames

Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Players Nicknames

Los Angeles Dodgers Players Nicknames

Milwaukee Brewers Players Nicknames

Minnesota Twins Players Nicknames

New York Mets Players Nicknames

New York Yankees Nicknames

Oakland Athletics Players Nicknames

Philadelphia Phillies Players Nicknames

Pittsburgh Pirates Players Nicknames

St. Louis Cardinals Players Nicknames

San Diego Padres Players Nicknames

San Francisco Giants Players Nicknames

  • Pat Burrell, Patrick Brian Burrell (2010–Present): "Pat The Bat", "Patty Baseball"[201]
  • Will Clark, William Nuschler Clark Jr. (1986–2000): "Will The Thrill"
  • Chili Davis, Charles Theodore Davis (1981–99): "Chili"
  • Tito Fuentes, Rigoberto (Peat) Fuentes (1965–78): "Tito"
  • Dave Henderson, David Lee Henderson (1981–94): "Hendu"
  • Jeffrey Leonard, (1977–90): "Penitentiary Face",[247] "HacMan", "Hackman"
  • Tim Lincecum, Timothy LeRoy Lincecum (2006–Present) : "The Freak"
  • Gary Matthews, Gary Nathaniel Matthews Sr. (1972–87): "Sarge"
  • Willie Mays, Willie Howard Mays Jr. (1951–73): "The Say Hey Kid"
  • Willie McCovey, Willie Lee McCovey (1959–80): "Stretch", "Mac", "Big Mac"
  • Buster Posey, Gerald Dempsey Posey III (2009–Present): "Buster"
  • Dave Righetti, David Allan Righetti (1979–95): "Rags"
  • Pablo Sandoval, Pablo E. Sandoval (2008–Present): "Kung Fu Panda"

Seattle Mariners

Tampa Bay Devil Rays/Rays Player Nicknames

Texas Rangers Players Nicknames

Toronto Blue Jays Players Nicknames

Special Categories of Player Nicknames

Color Nicknames

Physical Characteristic and Body Part Nicknames

Personality nicknames

Food & Beverage Nicknames

Animal Nicknames

Ethnic Nicknames

Feminine Nicknames

Titles and Ranks

Mechanical or Industry Nicknames

Managers, coaches, etc. nicknames

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Gmelch, George, "What's in a Baseball Nickname", NINE: A Journal of Baseball History and Culture Volume 14, Number 2, Spring 2006, pp. 129–132. [1]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Baseball-Reference.com". Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/. 
  3. ^ "Luke Appling". Baseball Almanac. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=applilu01. 
  4. ^ "Wade Boggs". imdb.com. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1309453/bio. 
  5. ^ "Lou Brock". Baseball Almanac. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=brocklo01. 
  6. ^ "Babe Ruth " Colossus Of Clout" Essay". Exampleessays.com. http://www.exampleessays.com/viewpaper/83771.html. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Felipe Alou Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=aloufe01. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Dusty Baker Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/b/bakerdu01.shtml. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "Steve Bedrosian Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/b/bedrost01.shtml. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Bruce Benedict Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=benedbr01. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Buzz Capra Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/c/caprabu01.shtml. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Rico Carty Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=cartyri01. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Chris Chambliss Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=chambch01. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Darrell Evans Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=evansda01. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Darrell Evans Facts from". The Baseball Page.com. http://www.thebaseballpage.com/players/evansda01.php. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Rafael Furcal Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=furcara02. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Ralph Garr". BaseballLibrary.com. http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/G/Garr_Ralph.stm. Retrieved 2011-07-25. 
  18. ^ "Ralph Garr Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/g/garrra01.shtml. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
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  20. ^ "Bob Horner Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=hornebo01. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Andruw Jones". BaseballLibrary.com. http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/J/Jones_Andruw.stm. Retrieved 2011-07-25. 
  22. ^ "Chipper Jones Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/j/jonesch06.shtml. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  23. ^ a b Sorci, Rick (2003). "Baseball profile: Ryan Klesko: San Diego Padres | Baseball Digest | Find Articles at BNET". Findarticles.com. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FCI/is_1_62/ai_94818633. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  24. ^ http://www.bravesbeat.com/article_279.shtml
  25. ^ "Greg Maddux Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=maddugr01. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  26. ^ "Eddie Mathews Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=matheed01. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  27. ^ a b c d "Fred McGriff Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/m/mcgrifr01.shtml. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  28. ^ "Dale Murphy Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=murphda05. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Phil Niekro Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=niekrph01. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Rafael Ramirez". BaseballLibrary.com. http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/R/Ramirez_Rafael.stm. Retrieved 2011-07-25. 
  31. ^ http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/S/Smoltz_John.stm
  32. ^ "John Smoltz Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=smoltjo01. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  33. ^ "Warren Spahn Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=spahnwa01. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  34. ^ http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/T/Torre_Joe.stm
  35. ^ http://www.sportscenteraltar.com/news/Berman.Doc
  36. ^ "Dustin Pedroia Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/p/pedrodu01.shtml. Retrieved 2011-07-25. 
  37. ^ "Gary Bell". BaseballLibrary.com. http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/B/Bell_Gary.stm. Retrieved 2011-07-25. 
  38. ^ "Albert Belle – "snapper" – Statement, Temper, Help, and Upset". Sports.jrank.org. http://sports.jrank.org/pages/398/Belle-Albert--Snapper.html. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  39. ^ "The Baseball Guru OMI: 100 GREAT BASEBALL NICKNAMES by Herb Rogoff". Baseballguru.com. http://baseballguru.com/omi/nicknames.htm. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  40. ^ Monday, Nov. 20, 1950 (November 20, 1950). "Sport: For the Fans". TIME. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,813790,00.html?promoid=googlep. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Mel Harder". BaseballLibrary.com. http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/H/Harder_Mel.stm. Retrieved 2011-07-25. 
  42. ^ "Mike Hargrove". BaseballLibrary.com. http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/H/Hargrove_Mike.stm. Retrieved 2011-07-25. 
  43. ^ "Jim Hegan". BaseballLibrary.com. http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/H/Hegan_Jim.stm. Retrieved 2011-07-25. 
  44. ^ "Willis Hudlin". BaseballLibrary.com. http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/H/Hudlin_Willis.stm. Retrieved 2011-07-25. 
  45. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1674584/bio
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