Infobox musical artist
Name = EPMD
Background = group_or_band
Origin = Brentwood, New York, U.S.
Genre = Hip hop
East Coast hip hop
Hardcore hip hop
Conscious hip hop| Years_active = 1988-1993
Label = Fresh/Sleeping Bag Records
Priority/EMI Records
Def Jam/RAL/Columbia Records
Def Jam/PolyGram Records
Def Jam/IDJMG/Universal Records
Associated_acts = Redman
Hit Squad
Keith Murray
Kurtis Mantronik
Current_members = Erick Sermon
Parrish Smith
DJ Scratch

EPMD is an American hip hop group from Brentwood, New York, active for more than 20 years (1986–present), is one of the most prominent acts in East coast hip hop. The group's name is an acronym for "Erick and Parrish Making Dollars" (later Millenium Ducats), referencing its members, emcees Erick Sermon and Parrish Smith ("PMD"). Diamond J, DJ K La Boss, and DJ Scratch were DJs for the group. The word "business" is used in every title of the group's albums. Every album also has a track titled "Jane".


Early years: 1987–1993

EPMD's first album, "Strictly Business", appeared in 1988, which featured the underground hit "Strictly Business," based on a sample of Eric Clapton's version of Bob Marley's "I Shot the Sheriff." Many critics cite its first album as its most influential.Fact|date=July 2008 The group's brand of funk-fueled sample-heavy hip-hop proved to be a major force in the genre. Unlike old school hip hop, which was originally based on disco hits but eventually became more electronic, EPMD based its music mainly on lifting funk and rock breaks for samples and helped to popularize their usage, along with Marley Marl and Public Enemy. "You're a Customer" combined snippets of Steve Miller's "Fly Like an Eagle," Kool & the Gang's "Jungle Boogie," and the bass line from ZZ Top’s "Cheap Sunglasses." "Jane," about a romantic rendezvous turned bad, would be revisited on no less than five sequels; a first for hip-hop, and, perhaps, rock and roll as well. "You Gots to Chill" used 1980s funk band Zapp's "More Bounce to the Ounce," which has become one of the most enduring sample sources for hip-hop. "I'm Housin'" was covered some 12 years later by Rage Against the Machine. Managed early on by Russell Simmons' RUSH Management, the group toured with such hip-hop luminaries as Run-DMC, Public Enemy, and DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince.

EPMD signed with Fresh/Sleeping Bag Records, which eventually released its debut album, "Strictly Business", by electro funk pioneer Kurtis Mantronik. Propelled by several strong singles ("You Gots to Chill" and the album’s title track), the album was eventually certified gold, selling over 500,000 copiesFact|date=July 2008, as did 1989's follow-up, "Unfinished Business". Financial frustrations followed when Sleeping Bag went under in 1992. The two EPMD albums and Nice & Smooth’s debut album were acquired by Priority/EMI Records before the label was sold to Warlock Records. The duo’s Sleeping Bag contract was acquired by Def Jam. EPMD returned in 1990 with "Business As Usual" and "Business Never Personal" two years later. By 1992, the group presided over an extended family dubbed the Hit Squad, which included Redman, K-Solo, Das EFX, Hurricane G, and Knucklehedz.

In 1992, EPMD had a hit with its song "Crossover," which lamented rappers making blatant concessions to pop sensibilities in order to get mainstream attention from music audiences.

The duo split in January 1993, under controversial circumstances. According to interviews in "The Source" and "Rap Pages", in late 1991, Smith's house was burglarized by armed intruders. According to Smith, in the ensuing police investigation, one of the apprehended culprits supposedly gave up Sermon's name as having allegedly paid them to do it. Sermon was arrested and briefly detained for questioning, but no charges were filed. Still, it led to lingering tensions, and by the time of the break-up, Sermon alleged financial impropriety on Smith's part. The duo found itself as solo artists by default: Sermon debuted in 1993 with "No Pressure", followed by "Double or Nothing" (1995), "Def Squad Presents Erick Onasis" (2000), "Music" (2001), and "React" (2002). Smith made his statements on 1994's "Shade Business", followed by "Business is Business" in 1996.

Reunion and solo: 1997–2005

The duo reunited in 1997, recording a comeback LP, "Back in Business". In 1998, a remix of the song "Strictly Business" appeared by the A&R man who signed the duo while at Fresh/Sleeping Bag, Kurtis Mantronik. Sermon released an album with Redman and Keith Murray as the Def Squad in 1998: "El Niño" was certified goldFact|date=July 2008 that same year. EPMD’s last LP, "Out of Business", was released in 1999 as both a single CD and a limited edition double CD. The limited edition double CD contained both new material and rerecorded versions of its greatest hits. Smith released "The Awakening" (2003) on his own Hit Squad label, and Sermon released "Chilltown, N.Y." (2004) on Motown/Universal. A Hit Squad compilation LP (overseen by Smith, featuring a new EPMD track) was released on Nervous Recordings in 2004.


A reunited EPMD with DJ Scratch performed live at the Rock the Bells Tour in New York on October 14, 2006 at "B.B. King Blues Club & Grill", their first NYC show in eight years. The tour also featured former Hit Squad members Keith Murray, Das EFX, and Redman. YouTube currently hosts a number of videos of the EPMD reunion concert.

Two months later, EPMD and Keith Murray released a new song, titled "The Main Event," produced by "DJ Knowhow". In the March 2007 issue of Swedish hip-hop magazine "Quote", Erick Sermon and Parrish Smith talked about whether the duo planned to record together again. On its recent tour, the group announced that it was working on a new album, tentatively titled "We Mean Business".

On June 27, 2007, the group appeared on BET's "Rap City" to freestyle. [ [http://videos.onsmash.com/v/VniiE8SMmPbjic49] ] EPMD's new single, "Blow" [ [http://allhiphop.com/blogs/multimedia__music/archive/2007/08/08/18378990.aspx Multimedia / Music : EPMD ] ] , was released on vinyl from Unique Distribution during August 2007 as a prelude to a new album that is to be released in 2008. The song instantly became a regular feature on the Funkmaster Flex show. The same month, the duo made a number of surprise live appearances, including the Rock the Bells tour with Rage Against The Machine, Wu-Tang Clan, Cypress Hill, Mos Def and others.

In June 2008, during an interview with HipHopGame; Erick and Parrish confirmed "We Mean Business" would release September 9 (A current search on BestBuy.com shows a release date of 10/28/08). Appearances on the album are to include Mobb Deep, Redman, KRS-One, Raekwon, and M.O.P. Not only that, but they plan on releasing another album six months after the release of We Mean Business. In the end of the interview they mentioned the possibility of a Hit Squad/Def Squad double disc album, but that they had problems with K-Solo. [ [http://www.hiphopgame.com/index2.php3?page=epmd Exclusive Hip Hop News, Audio, Lyrics, Videos, Honeys, Wear, Sneakers, Download Mixtapes ] ]

On August 3rd 2008, EPMD joined Method Man and Redman on stage at the Rock The Bells concert at Jones Beach, New York.



Guest Appearances

Note: Only tracks that feature both members are listed.

*Das EFX—"Generation EFX" (Album: "Generation EFX")
*Redman—"Hardcore" (Album: "Whut? Thee Album")
*Run-DMC—"Can I Get It, Yo?" (Album: "Down with the King")


External links

* [http://www.vh1.com/artists/az/epmd/bio.jhtml EPMD VH1 Web site]
* [http://www.laut.de/wortlaut/artists/e/epmd/biographie/index.htm Biography (in German)]

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