Arabic languages


Arabic languages

Infobox Language family
name=Arabic
region=Arabia, Arab world
familycolor=Afro-Asiatic
fam2=Semitic
fam3=West
fam4=Central
child1=Ancient North Arabian
child2=Arabic language

The Arabic language family consists of
*The Arabic macrolanguage (ISO 639-3 [http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/documentation.asp?id=ara ara] ), including
**the living varieties of Arabic,
**Classical Arabic and Standard Arabic,
**The various Judeo-Arabic languages.
*a number of closely related extinct dialects of pre-Islamic Arabia, summarized as Ancient or Old North Arabian (ISO 639-3 [http://linguistlist.org/forms/langs/LLDescription.cfm?code=xna xna] ), including
**Safaitic,
**Dedanitic/Lihyanitic (Dedanite/Lihyanite),
**Thamudic,
**Hasaitic.

SIL Ethnologue unites Canaanite and Arabic in a South Central Semitic group together with Aramaic forming Central Semitic, but it is more common to unite Aramaic and Canaanite as Northwest Semitic.

Literature

*Cantineau, Jean (1955). "Le dialectologie arabe," "Orbis" 4:149-169.
*Fischer, Wolfdietrich, & Otto Jastrow (ed) (1980). "Handbuch der arabischen Dialekte." Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz.
*Kaye, Alan S., & Judith Rosenhouse (1997). "Arabic Dialects and Maltese," "The Semitic Languages". Ed. Robert Hetzron. New York: Routledge. Pages 263-311.
*Lozachmeur, H., (ed.), (1995) "Presence arabe dans le croissant fertile avant l'Hegire (Actes de la table ronde internationale Paris, 13 Novembre 1993)" Paris: Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations. ISBN 286538 2540
*Macdonald, M.C.A., (2000) "Reflections on the linguistic map of pre-Islamic Arabia" "Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy" 11(1), 28–79
*Scagliarini, F., (1999) "The Dedanitic inscriptions from Jabal 'Ikma in north-western Hejaz" "Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies" 29, 143-150 ISBN 2-503-50829-4
*Sobelman, H., (ed.) (1962). "Arabic Dialect Studies." Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics and the Middle East Institute.
*Winnett, F.V. and Reed, W.L., (1970) "Ancient Records from North Arabia" (Toronto: University of Toronto)

ee also

*Arab (word)


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