Request for Quotation


Request for Quotation

A Request for Quotation (RFQ) is a standard business process whose purpose is to invite suppliers into a bidding process to bid on specific products or services.

An RFQ typically involves more than the price per item. Information like payment terms, quality level per item or contract length are possible to be requested during the bidding process.

To receive correct quotes, RFQs often include the specifications of the items/services to make sure all the suppliers are bidding on the same item/service. Logically, the more detailed the specifications, the more accurate the quote will be and comparable to the other suppliers.

The suppliers have to return the bidding by a set date and time to be considered for an award. Discussions may be held on the bids (often to clarify technical capabilities or to note errors in a proposal). The bid does not have to mean the end of the bidding. Multiple rounds can follow or even a Reverse auction can follow to generate the best market price.

RFQ's are best suited to products and services that are as standardised and as commoditised as possible, as this makes each suppliers’ quotes comparable. In practice, many businesses use a RFQ where an RFT or RFP would be more appropriate. [ [http://www.negotiations.com/articles/procurement-terms/ Article explaining Request for Quote in business | Negotiation Experts ] ]

An RFQ allows different contractors to provide a quotation, among which the best will be selected.

Requests for quotations are most commonly used in the business environment but can also be found being applied to domestic markets.

References

Further reading

* [http://www.negotiations.com/articles/procurement-terms/ Request For Quotation] , compared with RFI, RFT and RFP. Suggested contexts of when to use each.

See also

*Request For Tender
*Request For Information
*Request For Proposal
*Request For Comment
*Reverse auction
*Optimization
*Operations research
*E-procurement


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Request for Quotation — Dieser Artikel oder Absatz stellt die Situation in Deutschland dar. Hilf mit, die Situation in anderen Ländern zu schildern. Eine Ausschreibung ist ein Teil des Verfahrens zur Vergabe von Aufträgen im Wettbewerb. Durch sie werden potentielle… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Request Price Quotation — or RPQ is a long standing IBM designation for a product or component that is potentially available, but that is not on the standard price list. Typical RPQ offerings are custom interfaces, hardware modifications, research or experimental systems …   Wikipedia

  • Request for Proposal — For other meanings, see RFP (disambiguation). For information about Wikipedia proposals, see . A Request for Proposal (referred to as RFP) is an invitation for suppliers, often through a bidding process, to submit a proposal on a specific… …   Wikipedia

  • Request for Information — A Request for Information (RFI) is a standard business process whose purpose is to collect written information about the capabilities of various suppliers. Normally it follows a format that can be used for comparative purposes.So an RFI is… …   Wikipedia

  • Request for tender — A Request for Tender, commonly abbreviated to RFT, is a structured invitation to suppliers for the supply of products and/or services.As a consequence of the scale and complexity of the tender process the majority of RFT’s are published by… …   Wikipedia

  • Request for Information — Dieser Artikel oder Absatz stellt die Situation in Deutschland dar. Hilf mit, die Situation in anderen Ländern zu schildern. Eine Ausschreibung ist ein Teil des Verfahrens zur Vergabe von Aufträgen im Wettbewerb. Durch sie werden potentielle… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Request for information — Dieser Artikel oder Absatz stellt die Situation in Deutschland dar. Hilf mit, die Situation in anderen Ländern zu schildern. Eine Ausschreibung ist ein Teil des Verfahrens zur Vergabe von Aufträgen im Wettbewerb. Durch sie werden potentielle… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Request for proposal — Dieser Artikel oder Absatz stellt die Situation in Deutschland dar. Hilf mit, die Situation in anderen Ländern zu schildern. Eine Ausschreibung ist ein Teil des Verfahrens zur Vergabe von Aufträgen im Wettbewerb. Durch sie werden potentielle… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • request for proposal — (RFP) (Business) request for a price quotation submitted by a company to potential suppliers which includes detailed specifications for the desired product …   English contemporary dictionary


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