Banksia nivea


Banksia nivea
Honeypot Dryandra
B. nivea in flower at Lesmurdie Falls National Park
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Proteaceae
Genus: Banksia
Series: Banksia ser. Dryandra
Species: B. nivea
Binomial name
Banksia nivea
Labill.

Banksia nivea, commonly known as Honeypot Dryandra, is a shrub endemic to Western Australia. First described as Banksia nivea, it was transferred to Dryandra as Dryandra nivea by Robert Brown in 1810, and remained in that genus until 2007, when all Dryandra species were transferred to Banksia by Austin Mast and Kevin Thiele.

The distribution range is forests, coastal plains and woodlands of the Southwest Botanical Province, extending to the east around Esperance and north to the Geraldton Sandplains, and most frequently recorded in Jarrah Forest and the Swan Coastal Plain. The species is associated with lateritic and granitic soil, with gravel or on sandy types, its habit is a very low shrub or obtaining a height of 1.5 metres.

This species was first collected by Jacques Labillardière in the vicinity of Esperance Bay between 15 and 17 December 1792, during a search for the naturalist Claude Riche, who had become lost on the Australian mainland.[1] This was described and figured in Relation du Voyage à la Recherche de la Pérouse, his account of the voyage published in 1800, under the name Banksia nivea. In 1810 Robert Brown transferred it into a new genus, Dryandra, and it remained there until 2007 when Austin Mast and Kevin Thiele transferred all Dryandra species into Banksia.[2]

Species of nectarivorous birds that have been observed feeding on B. nivea include Acanthorhynchus superciliosus (Western Spinebill). Black Cockatoos have also been recorded feeding upon the seed, though it is not clear which species of black cockatoo was observed, Calyptorhynchus baudinii (Baudin's Black Cockatoo) or C. latirostris (Carnaby's Black Cockatoo).[3]

Foliage of B. nivea engraving after Redouté (Paris: Chez Dabo, 1817)

A number of subspecies have been described,

Banksia nivea
M. Pieroni 94/2)[4]
edit] References
  1. ^ Duyker, Edward (2003). Citizen Labillardière: A naturalist's life in revolution and exploration. Carlton: Miegunyah Press. ISBN 0-522-85160-6. 
  2. ^ "Banksia nivea Labill.". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. http://www.anbg.gov.au/cgi-bin/apni?taxon_id=54579. 
  3. ^ Barker, R. D.; Vestjens, W. J. M. (1984). The Food of Australian Birds. Melbourne University Press. pp. 1:331; 2:238, 458. ISBN 0-643-05006-X. 
  4. ^ "Dryandra nivea (Labill.) R.Br. subsp. nivea". ABRS Flora of Australia Online Search Results. ABRS. 1995–2000. http://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/online-resources/flora/stddisplay.xsql?pnid=3698. Retrieved 9 December 2010. 

External links