Roofless complex of stone walls, with trees and river in background
Remains of the bathhouse at Chesters fort
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Cilurnum is located in Northumberland

Red pog.svg Cilurnum shown within Northumberland
OS grid reference NY911701
List of places: UK • England • Northumberland

Cilurnum or Cilurvum was a fort on Hadrian's Wall mentioned in the Notitia Dignitatum. It is now identified with the fort found at Chesters (also known as Walwick Chesters to distinguish it from other sites named Chesters in the vicinity) near the village of Walwick, Northumberland, England. It was built in 123 AD, just after the wall's completion.

Cilurnum is considered to be the best preserved Roman cavalry fort along Hadrian's Wall. There is a museum on the site, housing finds from the fort and elsewhere along the wall.



The site guarded a bridge carrying the military road behind the wall across the River North Tyne at this point, whose abutments survive. It was a cavalry fort at its foundation, for retaliatory raids into barbarian areas north of the wall, then given over to infantry later. Hadrian himself encouraged the "Cult of Disciplina" amongst legions stationed at the wall, and an early inscription on an altar dedicated to Disciplina, found in 1978, indicates the earliest known military presence was a wing of cavalry, ala Augusta ob virtutem appellata ("named Augusta because of its valour"). Inscriptions have also been found showing the First Cohort of Dalmatians and the First Cohort of Vangiones from Upper Rhineland in Germany were also stationed here.



In the early 19th century Nathaniel Clayton, owner of Chesters House and Estate, moved hundreds of tons of earth to cover over the last remains of the fort as part of his parkland landscaping, thereby creating a smooth uninterrupted grassland slope down to the River Tyne; he collected, before they disappeared, a number of Roman artefacts which he preserved in the family. However his son John Clayton, a noted antiquarian, removed all his father's work, exposing the fort, excavating, and establishing a small museum for his finds. John Clayton also made excavations at Housesteads Fort, Carrawburgh Mithraic Temple, and Carvoran, amongst others.


The museum was commissioned in 1895 and opened in 1903. It is a grade II* listed building and was designed by Richard Norman Shaw. It displays part of John Clayton's collection of Roman finds.[1]


See also


External links

Coordinates: 55°01′34″N 2°08′23″W / 55.0261°N 2.1397°W / 55.0261; -2.1397

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cilurnum — (a. Geogr.), feste Stadt der Briganten in Britannien, am südlichen Römerwall beim jetzigen Walwik Chesters …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • CILURNUM — Britanniae oppid. Ottadinorum in Northumbria, ubi nunc pagus Collerton nonnullis, sive Collerford. Cum ponte ad Tinam Boreal. fluv. Camdenus autem Potius autumat vel Walwick, vel Scilicester esse ad Murum Severi …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cilurnum — Restos de la casa de baños en el fuerte Cilurnum Cilurnum o Cilurvum fue una de las fortalezas erigidas en la muralla de Adriano. Se menciona en la Notitia Dignitatum y en la actualidad se ha identificado con un campamento fortificado situado en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hadrian's Wall — This article is about the fortification in Northern England. For the Broad Wall of Jerusalem, see Broad Wall (Jerusalem). Coordinates: 55°01′27″N 2°17′33″W / 55.02417°N 2 …   Wikipedia

  • John Clayton (Newcastle) — John Clayton (10 June 1792 14 July 1890) was an antiquarian and town clerk of Newcastle upon Tyne, England during the nineteenth century. He worked with the builder Richard Grainger and architect John Dobson to redevelop the centre of the city in …   Wikipedia

  • Disciplina — In Roman mythology, Disciplina was a minor deity and the personification of discipline.[1] The word disciplina itself, a Latin noun, is multi faceted in meaning; it refers to education and training, self control and determination, knowledge in a… …   Wikipedia

  • Hadrianswall — hf Hadrianswall Alternativname vallum aelium Limes Britannien Datierung (Belegung) 2. bis 5. Jahrhundert n. Chr. Typ Sperrwerk mit Zwischentürmen, Meilenkastellen und Grabensystem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Cilúrnigos — Los cilúrnigos eran una de las gens perteneciente al populi de los luggones y estos a su vez, era uno de los veintidós pueblos que cita el escritor latino Plinio el Viejo y que componían los astures. Los cilúrnigos vivían en el actual territorio… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chesters Bridge — For the bridge across the Mississippi, see Chester Bridge. Coordinates: 55°01′30″N 2°08′17″W / 55.025°N 2.138°W / 55.025; 2.138 …   Wikipedia

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