Ouse Valley Viaduct


Ouse Valley Viaduct

Coordinates: 51°02′05″N 0°06′52″W / 51.03472°N 0.11444°W / 51.03472; -0.11444

View through the supporting brick piers
Travelling south along the viaduct

Built in 1841, the Ouse Valley Viaduct (also called Balcombe Viaduct) over the River Ouse on the London-Brighton Railway Line north of Haywards Heath and south of Balcombe is 1,475 feet (450 m) long.

Description

The viaduct is 96 feet (29 m) high and is carried on 37 semi-circular arches, each of 30 feet (9.1 m), surmounted by balustrades. Each pier contains a Jack arch with a semi-circular soffit in order to reduce the number of bricks required.[1] At each end of the abutment there is an ornamental square open tower, the brickword of which is faced with stone from Heddon Quarries near Newcastle-upon-Tyne.[2] It was designed by engineer for the line John Urpeth Rastrick in association with the architect of the London to Brighton railway, David Mocatta. It has been described as probably the most elegant viaduct in Britain.[3]

History

The viaduct was opened in July 1841. The 11 million bricks needed for its construction travelled up the Ouse River (via Newhaven and Lewes) from Holland. It cost £38,500 to build.[4]

The structure is a Grade II listed building and was restored in 1996 with grants both from the Railway Heritage Trust and English Heritage. Matching stone was imported from France, to ensure a close match to the existing balutrades and pavilions.[5].

The viaduct is still used, with around 110 trains a day passing over it on the Brighton Main Line.

References

  1. ^ Turner, John Howard (1977). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 1 Origins and formation. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-0275-X.  p.124.
  2. ^ Turner, p.124.
  3. ^ 'Our Transport Heritage, http://www.transportheritage.com/find-heritage-locations.html?sobi2Task=sobi2Details&sobi2Id=84
  4. ^ Body, Geoffrey (1989). Railway of the Southern Region. Patrick Stephens. ISBN 1-85260-297-X.  p.141.
  5. ^ Trusting in Trusts: The Railway Heritage Trust: conservation and change, http://www.ihbc.org.uk/context_archive/58/railway/br.html


View of the viaduct, looking towards the South-East

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ouse Valley Railway — Coordinates: 51°01′59″N 0°06′50″W / 51.033°N 0.114°W / 51.033; 0.114 …   Wikipedia

  • Viaduc de l'Ouse Valley — 51°02′05″N 0°06′52″O / 51.03472, 0.11444 Construit de 1841 à 1842, le viaduc de l’Ouse (également nommé viaduc de Balco …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of railway bridges and viaducts in the United Kingdom — This is a list of viaducts and significant bridges of the United Kingdom s railways, past and present.A* Angarrack Viaduct, near Hayle, Cornwall * Albert Edward Bridge, at Coalbrookdale, Shropshire * Appleford Railway Bridge, River Thames,… …   Wikipedia

  • David Mocatta — Born 1806 Died 1 May 1882(1882 05 01) South Kensington, London Nationality British Work Buildings …   Wikipedia

  • Западный Суссекс — Координаты: 51° с. ш. 0° з. д. / 51.0584° с. ш. 0.69006° з. д.  …   Википедия

  • Weald — The Weald (PronEng|wɪəld) is the name given to a physiographic area in south east England situated between the parallel chalk escarpments of the North and the South Downs. It should be regarded in two separate parts: the sandstone High Weald in… …   Wikipedia

  • Brighton Main Line — London–Brighton Streckenlänge: 60 km Spurweite: 1435 mm (Normalspur) Legende …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Balcombe, West Sussex — infobox UK place country = England official name= Balcombe static static image caption= Balcombe village centre population = 1,765 (2001 Census) civil parish= Balcombe shire district= Mid Sussex shire county = West Sussex region= South East… …   Wikipedia

  • Западный Сассекс — Координаты: 51° с. ш. 0° з. д. / 51.0584° с. ш. 0.69006° з. д.  …   Википедия

  • West Sussex — Координаты: 51° с. ш. 0° з. д. / 51.0584° с. ш. 0.69006° з. д.  …   Википедия


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.