- José Silva (parapsychologist)
José Silva (
August 11, 1914- February 7, 1999) was a parapsychologist and author of the Silva Methodand the Silva UltraMind ESP System, intended to help people increase their IQ, develop psychicskills, and to develop the ability to heal both themselves and others remotely, using forces unknown to science.
Jose Silva was born in Laredo,
Texas. He and his older sister and younger brother were raised by their grandmother. Silva supported the family from a very young age by selling newspapers, shining shoes, and doing odd jobs. He never attended school, but learned to read and write by watching his sister and brother do their homework.
Silva was able to study a correspondence course on radio repair through an agreement with the town barber, under which the barber rented the lessons to Silva, and Silva earned the diploma in the barber's name.
At the age of fifteen, Silva began to repair radios and built a successful business. He had invested over a half-million dollars on his research over a period of 25 years before retiring from his radio repair business.
World War II Service
World War II, Silva joined the Signal Corps. At his induction, he was examined by an Army psychiatrist named Dr. Paul Silva (1901-1977). Silva was intrigued by the psychiatrist's odd questions, and was inspired to begin to study psychology.
While in the Signal Corps, Silva studied advanced electronics and became an instructor.
When Silva was discharged, he resumed his radio repair business and took a part-time teaching job at Laredo Junior College, where he supervised three other teachers and was charged with creating the school's electronics laboratories.
Five years later, with the spread of television, his repair business began to flourish and Silva ended his teaching career.
Silva's mind experiments were based on his background in electronics and study of psychology. He had read about
alpha waves and the electrical activity in the human brain and theorized that the electrical impedanceof the brain could be lowered to improve efficiency.
Silva believed that the brain was more energetic when it was less active, and that at lower frequencies the brain received and stored more information. The crucial problem for Silva was to keep the mind alert at these frequencies, which are associated more with daydreaming and sleep than with practical activity.
Silva experimented with
hypnosis, but while hypnosis made the mind more receptive, he felt that more individual control was necessary for improving brain function. He experimented next with mental training exercises to quiet the brain yet keep it more independently alert than in hypnosis. This, he reasoned, would lead to improved memorycombined with understanding and hence to higher I.Q.scores.
The exercises from which Silva's techniques evolved called for relaxed concentration and vivid mental visualization and ways of reaching lower levels. He believed that these levels proved more effective in learning than the fully awake, or
beta wave, level. The proof for Silva was that in the three-year period that he worked with his children to develop his techniques, their grades in school sharply improved.
Silva was the first person to demonstrate that humans can learn to be aware of the alpha and
theta rhythms of the brain Fact|date=February 2007, which is used in some modern biofeedbacktechniques.
Silva's first reported experience with ESP occurred one evening in 1953, while his daughter was in her "alpha level." Silva was questioning his daughter about her school work, and as she answered each question, he framed the next in his mind, before verbally asking the question. Silva reported that his daughter began to give the answers to the questions he was forming in his mind before he verbalized them.
In this period, ESP was becoming a subject of scientific inquiry, largely through the published work of Dr. J. B. Rhine of
Duke University. Silva wrote to Rhine to report that he had trained his daughter to practice ESP. In his response, Rhine pointed out that Silva's daughter may have been psychicbefore the training, and that more rigorous proof was needed.
Silva then worked to reproduce his results, and over the next ten years he trained thirty-nine Laredo children and continued to refine his process. He was persuaded that he had developed a method to teach anyone to use ESP.
Silva's original ESP training method took 40 to 48 hours to complete. The method as currently promoted has been reduced to 18 to 20 hours through an apparent refinement of technique.
Silva wrote a book, "You the Healer", on how to use the Silva Mind Control Method to heal yourself and others. He also started the Ecumenical Society to protect users from allegations of practicing medicine without a license.
New York Timesarticle on April 16, 1972 ("Can Man Control His Mind") reported that a Trinity Universitystudy showed that students trained in Mind Control did attain a high degree of Alpha level production. It also noted that C. W. Post Collegeand Canisius Collegewould offer courses in Silva's methods.
Silva died peacefully in February 1999. The Silva UltraMind System was his final creation and was completed shortly before he died.
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